You can not cover the appliance, preventing this free flow of air. If the heater has a thermostat that monitors the temperature of the air, when you cover the heater, the air near it will get hot and it can turn the unit off.
Oil heaters are not recommended to store at subzero temperatures, otherwise the body, which is filled with mineral oil, can be damaged. Household heaters should be stored at 5°C or more. This is written in the technical documentation of most models.
Getting to know your heater
When all delivery details are taken care of, the courier will deliver your purchase on the agreed date. Don’t rush to throw away the packaging, it will come in handy if you need to take the product to the service center. At the courier, you need to check the device for external damage: no chips, dents, and did not forget to install special feet and wheels for transportation of the device.
If everything is in order, you can make a trial run of the device should heat up well and evenly.
Our measurement showed that on average during the heating season the system works per day: 6.5 hours. So, one quartz heater per day consumes energy: 6.5h x 0.4kW = 2.6 kWh, heating up to 18 m2 of space.
The heaters will run for 15-20 minutes an hour, and will consume 12-16 kilowatts per day, 420 kilowatts per month. In any case, the energy consumption of ceiling infrared heaters will be 25-30% less than that of other electric heating systems.
Never dry clothes on an electric convector, it is strictly forbidden to cover or plug the air inlet or outlet holes (grills), because of the danger of accident or damage to the device.
The oil heater (radiator) can be transported or put away for off-season storage in any position. But here are some important tips: Pack thoroughly so that the battery does not bump. This is necessary to prevent cracks in the housing and oil from leaking out.
In a convector, the air is heated immediately by a heating element, but in an oil radiator, the heating element heats the oil, the oil heats the cabinet, and the cabinet, in turn, heats the air. In the oil heater such losses, conditionally, 3 times more and, accordingly, the efficiency is also lower.
The main risk is the fire hazard of the appliance. Oil radiators have tubular electric heaters. They ensure the transfer of heat to the surface of the radiator body. Mineral oil is used as the coolant in the device.
Only the presence of a thermostat is enough, and you can safely leave the infrared heaters unattended. With a thermostat, even a power surge in your absence will not harm either the infrared radiators themselves or the safety of the rest of your property.
Oil Heat Boilers. How it works. Understand the Basics
The oil heater (radiator) can be transported or put away for off-season storage in any position. But here are some important tips: Pack it carefully so the battery doesn’t get bumped. This is necessary to prevent cracks in the housing and oil leakage.
When operating an oil heater a few rules must be observed. It must always be placed upright during operation. If the device was stored or transported lying down, you can not turn it on immediately after installation. let it stand for 10-20 minutes, so that the oil completely drained into the bottom of the container.
If the oil heater tilted / turned over, the coil is bare, that is, will not be in the oil, the coil can burn out because of it. So don’t tilt or turn over a WORKING oil heater.
Whats inside oil heater ( SCRAPPING )
Do not let yourself freeze!
One of the safest heaters are considered oil heaters. Their hermetically sealed casing filled with machine (transformer or similar) oil contains electric heating elements (tubular electric heaters). Many of today’s oil heaters are equipped with thermostatic controls that allow you to set the intensity of heating. The more expensive ones have programmable timers and an LCD display. Increase the speed of heating the room and allow some models built-in fans.
The body of oil heaters consists of sections in the form of a radiator. The more sections, the greater the surface area of the heater and therefore the efficiency. Different models have different shapes of sections. The most modern models have a complex shape of sections, due to which the surface area from which the heat transfer occurs, becomes larger without significantly increasing the size of the device.
All of the above advantages of oil heaters, as well as the simplicity of design, noiselessness and relatively low price (from 2000 to 5000) made them very popular. The disadvantages of these devices include the fact that the cold room is heated to a comfortable temperature with their help not very quickly: 20, 30 minutes or longer. In addition, some models are not stable enough, and they weigh a lot. Therefore, in the room where the oil heater is working, children and animals must not be left unattended in any case.
It is recommended to store oil heaters in an upright position. And if the device has been lying on its side for some time (e.g. during transportation), it is necessary to wait 10-15 minutes for the oil to drain into the bottom part of the heater and completely cover the heating elements before turning it on.
Faster heat production is made possible by heaters. They are also the cheapest of all kinds of heaters. As the name suggests, these devices are equipped with a fan that blows warm air in addition to the heating element. There are powerful models that can both heat and ventilate large offices and warehouses.
Household heaters are convenient because they are compact and easy to use. Their quality and price is determined by the type of heating element, which can be spiral, TEN or ceramic.
Spiral heating elements are made of thin nichrome wire. Their main disadvantage is a very high temperature of heating. The heated nichrome coil is in direct contact with the air; it burns up house dust, releasing an unpleasant odor and harmful substances.
The air intake in a heater with a spiral heating element must not be blocked by any object, and this must be monitored very carefully. For example, if the accidental draught covers the heater curtains, the device can burn and even cause a fire.
Heating element heaters instead of a coil are equipped with a metal tube with a graphite or wire heating element inside. All free space in the tube is filled with quartz sand, which has a high thermal conductivity. They are safer than coil units, but cost more. from 3,000 to 5,000.
Heaters with a ceramic-metal heating element are considered the most environmentally friendly and safe. Some models are equipped with sensors that activate when tilted to any side and turn off the unit, thereby preventing the risk of fire.
The price of ceramic heaters varies from 2000 to 8000
Convectors appeared on the Russian market a dozen years ago. Rectangular flat pack heaters are most often hung on the wall. They do not take up much space, and you can always choose the model by color to match the interior of the room.
Heating with the electric convector is quick and silent, the cold air flows naturally to the heating elements from below through the intake grille. heats up and returns to the room through the upper louvers. Since the maximum temperature of the convector heating element (usually a heating element) does not exceed 55-60 ° C, the device is fireproof, it can be left on in the house even during long absences, maintaining a given electronic regulator heat mode in the room. Protect your country house from the cold between weekends, setting the “preserving” temperature, such as plus 5 ° C, and entering the house, quickly warm it, with the convector has become easy, so Russian consumers appreciate these devices.
There are a lot of convector models on our market, both imported and domestically produced. They differ from each other in size, heat output, number of operating modes, and different devices like touch panels and remote controls. for these models range from 3000 to 7000.
Another type of heaters. infrared. In fact, they are source of directional infrared (thermal) radiation not absorbed by the air but heating directly the items and objects on which it hits. The air is heated by them. For example, if the heater is attached to the ceiling. and this is how most home heating models are installed. then the lower part of the room is heated first, and then the warm air rises up, which is really quite comfortable. An infrared heater is the only heater that can provide zone and spot heating (e.g. for a desk or bed) without having to worry about the temperature in the rest of the room. This saves a lot of energy. The devices can be used even outdoors. Nestled in the “lighting” zone of such a heat lamp, a person will feel quite comfortable and in cool weather.
Manufacturers claim that infrared heaters are not afraid of moisture, that they do not burn dust, do not dry the air, and consume much less electricity compared to other heaters of the same power.
They also have their disadvantages. As the working temperature of the heating element of the infrared heater is rather high. from 300 to 700°C, they should be placed at a certain distance from heated objects (2-3 m), completely exclude the possibility of physical contact with the device, and the room in which it is used, should not have inflammable objects (paper, wood shavings, wool).
On sale there are models of both foreign and Russian manufacturers cost from 2500 to 6000
A separate niche among heaters occupied by electric fireplaces with a visual effect of “living fire”. In fact, most often under the “guise” of an electric fireplace there is a usual heat fan, which has a moving picture of the flame. Such models, as a rule, cost from 4000 to 6000.
Recessed in the wall electric fireplace. it is not only a high-quality, fairly powerful heater, but also an element of decor of the room. Therefore above.
All of these types of heaters are powered from electricity. And if at the same time the heating system fails and the electricity supply is interrupted? Or in your areas there is no electricity at all yet? You do not need to buy a stove and stock up on firewood for the winter, you can find a more modern solution, such as a gas convector with a cast-iron heat exchanger. Such gas appliances are quite reliable and durable. Gas is burned in them in a closed combustion chamber. The air inflow for combustion is carried out from the street, all the products of combustion are derived there as well. A sensor automatically cuts off the gas supply when there is no flame.
Besides gas convectors on sale there are also infrared heaters, working on diesel fuel or liquid gas cylinder.
Some models of industrial heaters (“heat guns”) can run on diesel fuel, LPG, kerosene or waste oil. Most often they are used for heating of non-residential premises or accelerated drying of the renovated rooms.
If you bought a powerful enough heater, do not forget that the load on the power grid increases when it is turned on. Weak wiring can not withstand such a load. To connect such devices must use only good quality wires, extension cords and sockets.
And one last important warning: any type of heater is not designed to dry clothes. The only exceptions are models equipped with special dryers.
What’s important to remember: Don’t let kids play with it. they could burn or break the device. Do not leave the heater on overnight, and even more so. Leaving home (even for a short time, even in a nearby store for five minutes): serviceable equipment also requires vigilance.