DIY DRASTER

DIY Air Director

Tefal thinks about us all the time, but tries to make life more beautiful than NPPCTO. For the first time, hear! Read the review, learn how to save the house from the Moldation invasion, until the air defender has been bought. Stranger words are more interesting! A respectable builder in a wet climate covers putty with a special antiseptic. The lower crown of the log house, the place where dampness is expected perfect fungus medium of reproduction. Let’s think about how to make an air drainage with your own hands.

Forced to disappoint lovers of Beatles, sing, recall funny times will be rejoicing. Subtitle means: spores of fungi, mold just hover the air. Live around without the participation of Homo sapiens. The concentration of the dispute varies depending on the conditions, climate, the composition. a variety of. Faster, uninvited guests are cultivated by a temperature of 20 ºС, a relative humidity of 70%. It is worth oversaturated with moisture air, mold will begin to develop under the wallpaper.

Thanks to the unique properties, enzymes, representatives of the kingdom of mushrooms can use the nutrient medium:

It is not surprising, a chance is provided (temperature 20 ºС, relative humidity is 70%), unexpected guests appear at home. Disputes are distinguished, toxic gases in the room, cause bacterial diseases, allergic reactions of a person. Disputes cannot be completely destroyed, they will be present in the air abandoned by the street.

It was believed that the mold can be stopped in one way. by reducing the relative humidity. At the same time good for health. Recall that in a living room it is recommended to maintain a temperature of 18. 20 ºС, relative humidity 40. 60%. Indicators favors life, increasing immunity.

To correct the situation, it is recommended to use air humidifiers that correct the operation of heating systems, accompanied by a decrease in the content of water vapor air.

Noticing the conditions of the middle strip, in the summer (household appliances, the boiler room rest), it makes sense to trace the value of the gigrometer arrow. Constant rains, cloudy weather are replaced by sunshine, swampy ridges, slender Bors are afraid of dryness. There is no lack of moisture among forests. Warm weather looks great, in raw weather. threatens residential buildings with mold formation.

Work opposite humidifiers is done by air drainages. Devices take excess moisture, condenses steam, return dryness to the room. Take a time to show up a household appliance store. Not one Tefal thinks about us. The country has opened the National Scientific and Production Center for Technologies of Refinery relatively recently (February) noted the nine years. The anniversary came for 2015, be afraid to miss the century. The company often organizes contests, distributes incentive prizes.

Surprised by an unknown concern. NNPTSTO is deprived of the divine word of Wikipedia, the group leaves depressing impressions. But the company’s experts regularly invent new health elixirs, attend thematic exhibitions. The center came up with an original, simple method to defeat mold. aromatic candles. Do not use the east products of the same name There was a case, a candle was left on the night to lie on top of the box of the CD. There were enough twelve hours, when looking at the plastic, a feeling was created: the surfaces touched the red.hot sting of the soldering iron.

Preceding the calculations of the air defender, take the following simple numbers. One candle burning a quarter of an hour is able to overcome the spores of the fungus on an area of ​​18 square meters. Quick.acting agent. The purchased drainage will probably have to work longer. The main reason remains that encourage the fungus to grow. humidity. Write down the candle with one if it is required to make a domestic air drainage to combat mold.

The design of a typical air drainage

The principle of operation of the air purifier does not seem to be very confusing. Freon circulates inside, four phase states are operated, allowing first to cool the incoming indoor air, and pick up moisture. Then heated again, throwing it into the room. The components that make up the basics of the work of air drainers:

The goals of providing the state will be four structural elements. The air defender device includes:

Read reviews about refrigerators are familiar. Recall that the Freon evaporator turns into gas, strongly cooling the coil. Air sucked out of the room loses moisture collected by a special vessel. It is appropriate to notice: air drainers are divided by litting (volume of moisture collected), the typical value is 25 liters.

The output stream is heated by a condenser, the freon becomes a liquid, gives the previously a warmth. It remains to add: two parameters of indoor microclimate are regulated in the factory jacket of air.

It is possible to change the speed of rotation of the fan, varying performance. Wet room, higher than turnover. Bathroom air drainage should work faster. Separate models are equipped with ultraviolet disinfect.

The size of the purchased device exceeds the dimensions of the vacuum cleaner twice. A large device, relatively noisy. If you take an air drainage. demonstrating the acoustic level 46 dB. For comparison, most refrigerators provide a range of 42-52 dB.

Mini Dnuery air for the apartment: Features of the model range

The principal diagram of the devices of the drainage

Ballu BDH-25L

Processes 210 m3 of air in 24 hours of uninterrupted operation. It eliminates up to 25 liters of water, equipped with a hydrostat, electronic control. With it, you can reduce humidity to the required parameters in 2 hours. The device has automatic control, is turned off when the tank is filled with liquid. Its main disadvantage is the small volume of the tank, which is 6.5 liters. With high humidity indicators, it is filled for 12 hours;

Timberk

Able to adjust the intensity of drying the room for moisture indicators in it. It works autonomously. With constant operation, the device increases the temperature in the room by a couple of degrees, which is especially unacceptable in the summer. Its main disadvantage is noise;

Hyundai

Differs compact dimensions, aesthetic appearance. It is able to eliminate no more than 10 liters of water in 24 hours, which allows it to be used in a room up to 20 m2.

Important! When purchasing the product, it is worth paying attention to the noise of the device, which, in accordance with sanitary standards, should not exceed 40 dB.

But it is not at all necessary to purchase an expensive device in the store. It can be made independently from improvised materials, making very little effort.

DIY air drainage: relevance of application

DIY Air Director can be used:

  • in household premises, garage, basement;
  • in the rooms where a large aquarium is installed;
  • on unheated attic premises;
  • in the cellar, in a wine room;
  • in sports lockers, libraries;
  • in the greenhouse;
  • In an apartment or private house.

The principle of element peltier

The Peltier element

We are talking about the mechanism of the thermoelectric converter, which acts on the effect of Dumpete. It is based on the appearance of the difference in temperature indicators in the process of moving the electric current through the elements of the converter.

In its design, the device has one or more pairs of semiconductor parallelepipeds n-and p-type, which are connected in pairs by means of jumpers, as a rule, metallic. In the design, they are a kind of thermal contacts. Such elements are isolated using a film resistant to current. Jumpers can be executed in the form of plates made of ceramics.

Semiconductor parallelepipeds are connected sequentially: at the top-n-p, below-p-n. During use, the elements located at the top are cooled, and the lower contacts are heated. That is, with the help of electric current, heat moves on one side to the other, creating the difference in temperature indicators, which can be up to 70 degrees. Indicators depend on the value of the supplied current.

The principle of operation of the Peltier element for non.professionals

Peltier element is a thermal pair, which is 2 conductor p and n, with a sequential connection to each other. When the electric current flows through the installed elements, the heat on the N-P contact is absorbed, and on the contact p-n is formed. As a result of the physical phenomenon in the adjacent area, the temperature will decrease, and the opposite element, respectively, will increase its temperature indicators. When the polarity of the current changes, the functionality of the sites changes: the heating site will be cooled, and the opposite side will heat up. For use in practice the installation element of one thermocouple is not enough. The more powerful the thermoelectric module, the more thermocouple is installed in it.

Advantages

  • Compact dimensions of the device.
  • Lack of moving mechanisms in the design.
  • Lack of gas and liquid.
  • Noiselessness.
  • The availability of coolant power adjustment.
  • The ability to thermal development at different environmental temperature indicators.

Flaws

  • Minor efficiency.
  • The need to use the mains.
  • Limited number of inclusions and disconnects.
  • High costs when using a powerful module.

Fields of use

  • In the refrigerators of everyday nature.
  • In the process of cooling electronics.
  • In generators based on the thermoelectric principle.

Homemade condensation device

A more complex in its design and execution with a do.it.yourself air dealer is done at home, using an unnecessary refrigerator for this. To make such a condensation type device, you will need to perform the following actions:

  • Doors are removed from the device departments. To do this, you just need to disassemble their loops.
  • In terms of the size of the removed doors, the plate is cut out with a thickness of at least 3 mm from a plexiglass.
  • From the lower edge of the plate at a distance of about 40 cm, a hole is cut to install the fan. The dimensions of this opening should coincide with the mobile parts of the fan used.
  • The fan is inserted into the finished hole, securely fixing its lattice with self.tapping screws or other mounts.
  • At the same time, it is important to ensure that this device blows the air flow into the refrigerator, thus performing the functions of the pressure unit.
  • Many holes are drilled in the upper half of the glass, the area together is about the same as the opening for the cooler.
  • The full.time system for output of the condensate of the device is improved. the outer pipe is connected to the accumulative capacity.
  • Instead of the door, an organized.glass plate is installed using self.tapping screws for this. To achieve sealing the joints, they are treated with silicone.

This is where the process of manufacturing a home.made condensation drainage of air for a home or apartment is completed. Having launched the installed fan and refrigerator, already soon the humidity of the air in the room decreases by about 10%. In case of prolonged operation of such a device, along with the humidity level, the temperature in the house will also decrease.

Of course, in the summer it is convenient, since its cooling will also occur along with air drainage. But in winter, such a device will create certain inconvenience.

To eliminate such a disadvantage, before the drainer you need to install the heater so that the air flow leaving the device gets to the heater. As a result of this, the dehumin made by yourself will perform only one function. remove moisture from the composition of the air mixture.

Using a do.it.yourself adsorption or condensation device for the removal of water from the air at home, it should be remembered that not only too humid air is harmful, but also very dry. Therefore, in order to accurately decide whether it is necessary to use such a device, it is also important to have a hygrometer.

So, when reached the level of moisture of 80% or more, the device must be included. If this indicator has not reached this level, it is not recommended to use the drainage.

Doing the absorption drainage with our own hands

The following items will be required to make the simplest moisture removal device using absorption:

For the manufacture of the absorption drainage, silica gel will be needed

  • Two plastic bottles, each volume of at least 2 liters.
  • Nail, spoke, awl or needle.
  • Lighter or matches.
  • Gloves.
  • Knife, scissors.
  • Absorbing substance. The best option is silica gel. These dried gel fractions perfectly absorb moisture. The advantage of silica gel is the multiplicity of use without loss of properties. The substance after use is dried and again ready for operation. About 250 grams of absorbent will be enough for a bottle of bottle.
  • Fan. Suitable for a USB span or cooler used in cooling systems of computer technology. Fan power can be made by a USB-drive or charger from a mobile phone. There are options for arranging the working mechanism on the battery or batteries. It all depends on the available materials, opportunities and skills.
  • In one of the bottles, openings are made using a heated nail. Carefully relate to the heating of the nail to avoid random burns to use fabric gloves.
  • A bottle of holes is cut with a knife into two identical halves.
  • The second half is placed in the lower half of the bottle with holes so that the neck is directed down. A lid with numerous holes made must be wound on the neck. A heated awl or needle is suitable for this.
  • The existing absorbent is filled up in the upper half of the bottle.
  • The second bottle is cut off the bottom.
  • A small fan is placed in the container, which will drive the air towards the cut bottom. The fan is placed at a distance of 8-10 cm from the cut bottom. The cover is twisted from the neck to ensure the flow of air to the fan.
  • The fan container is neatly put on a bottle of absorbent. The joint is thoroughly rewound with insulating tape, for sealing.

Homemade air drainage is ready. A homemade panel from bottles will remove moisture from the air quietly and efficiently.

We make a condenser drainage of air from the refrigerator

This method is more complicated, but for it you can also find the necessary components of the parts without problems. The basis of the design will be an old refrigerator. He must be in working condition.

The basis of the design of the condenser condenser is an old refrigerator

  • Old refrigerator.
  • Sequeshel sheets (thickness of at least 3 mm).
  • Fan. Power about 100 watts is enough.
  • Pressure plastic grille.
  • Self.tapping screws.
  • Screwdriver.
  • Shurovyrt.
  • Cutter or hacksaw for metal.
  • From the freezer and refrigerator compartments of the refrigerator, doors are carefully dismantled. Most models have the removal of doors, so performing these actions will not be difficult.
  • In size of the doors are measured and cut.glass sheets are cut.
  • At a distance of 35 cm from the edges of the organized plate, the hole is cut out. It will serve to install a fan. The dimensions of the hole must correspond to the size of the pressure plastic grill.
  • Mounted fan and grille. Self.tapping screws are used for fixation. The fan should stand so that the air is blown through the grate inside the refrigerator.
  • Holes are drilled in the upper part of the plexiglass. The total area of ​​the holes should be equal to the size occupied by the fan.
  • Plexiglass is mounted in the place of doors. Silicone or insulating tape is used for sealing.

After completion of work, it remains to turn on the refrigerator and the fan. The air will be delayed by the fan in the compartment with the working compressor. Here the air is drained and excreted through the holes in the plexiglass.

Such a device with competent installation can reduce the humidity in the room by 10%.

In addition to drainage, such a device from the refrigerator works well for cooling air indoors.

How to make a silica gel drainage with your own hands

DIY Air Director with your own hands is easy to make from two plastic bottles and silica gel. The scheme looks as follows:

  • One of the bottles is cut into two parts. The bottom is abundantly as oen, and many holes are also made in the lid. After that, the upper part of the bottle is inserted into the lower, directing the neck down. You can make holes in the lid of the bottle and the bottom can be redesigned by an awl or a nail
  • Silicagel is covered in a homemade funnel obtained after cutting the container. a substance with good absorbent properties. You need to use about 250 g of absorbent per container. Silicagel in a homemade drainage dries during non.use and rarely requires a complete replacement
  • The bottom is cut off in the second bottle. Inside the vessel 7-10 cm from the lower part, a small computer cooler is fixed with their own hands. Place the cooler so that the air flow is heading towards the cut bottom
  • A cut bottle with a fan inside is put on top of a plastic container with an absorbent. To seal the device, the joint is tightly wrapped with tape or isolet. After that, the fan is connected to the power source via USB or charging a mobile phone. DIY DIY DIY Based on Silicagel, almost does not emit noise and takes up little space

The lid on the upper container must be removed to provide an influx. The fan will tighten the air with your own hands. The latter will pass through the silica gel layer and give excess moisture, and then return to the room through the holes at the bottom of the structure.

Advice! So that the filter-dryer with your own hands brings a noticeable effect, it is recommended to take bottles with a volume of at least 2 liters.

We collect air drainages with our own hands: scheme and principle of operation

Excessive humidity is as bad as a large dry dryness. She negatively affects the well.being of a person.

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In addition, there are other consequences: the environment worsens, things spoil, as well as elements of supporting structures.

As a result of excess humidity, the parquet swells in the room and the wallpaper is fed, the doors swell, the walls are covered with huge spots of mold, after a while things begin to dive and smell unpleasant.

In addition, furniture with paintings may deteriorate, various musical instruments, parts made of wood are affected by harmful microorganisms. The house is full of mold microspores and acquires an unpleasant odor.

Types of drainers

  • With increased humidity in the house, you can fight with the help of such a classic method as ventilation, or you can use the modern air defender for the apartment.
  • Improved equipment works on the basis of different physical principles that contribute to reducing humidity in the room, as well as constantly maintain the conditions of a particular environment at the corresponding level.
  • Nowadays, there are four main varieties of household drainage of air for the home:
  • adsorption moisture absorption;
  • compression or evaporative;
  • a device created on the basis of the Peltier principle;
  • Rotor adsorption.

The first type functions thanks to the adsorbent, which is contained inside and perfectly absorbs moisture.

The evaporative drainage works due to the fact that wet air is directed to the cold surface, where it condenses and flows into a special compartment.

The third type is an equipment containing a dumplings element. It is based on the effect of cooling several semiconductor structures as a result of the passage of electric current through them.

The rotary adsorption drainage is an improved class, the principle of operation of which combines the two previous ones.

Air drainer or lyophilizer is installed in

  • private houses and city apartments,
  • bathroom or toilet,
  • kitchen,
  • premises in which there is a pool or a huge aquarium,
  • greenhouses,
  • pantries,
  • cellars,
  • rooms intended for drying linen,
  • sports lockers,
  • basements,
  • garages,
  • In the attics.

The principle of operation of condensation drainage

The condensation type drainage works on the principle of condensation of water vapor, which is contained in the air. The work of this method is carried out by the functioning of the refrigerator, interacting with the capacitor and evaporator, located close to each other. It is considered the most effective from an economic point of view.

The air in the room is drained as follows:

  • Thanks to the engine with the system of the device, wet air is pumped out.
  • Then in the evaporator using the refrigerant, it is cooling.
  • Drowned and chilled air passes through a hot capacitor and is supplied back to the room.

Condensation drainers have several advantages:

The effectiveness of their operation is significantly reduced with a sharp decrease in the ambient temperature, and at temperatures below 10 ° C, use such devices is useless.

The condensation device reduces the percentage of humidity by 6. 8 %. However, the temperature in the room will become lower. by more than 3 ° C.

DIY condensation drainage from the refrigerator

Wet condensation drainage can be made independently, using improvised materials for this.

To make the device will be needed:

  • old freezer, which is in working condition;
  • a small piece of organic glass with dimensions that coincide with the parameters of the camera;
  • fastening products. screws;
  • sealant. silicone glue;
  • two fans;
  • electric heater;
  • hollow pipe made of rubber.

First you need to dismantle the doors at the selected freezer.

To the bottom of a piece of plexiglass, one fan should be reliably attached, so that it must blow inside the freezer. To do this, in the organic glass, you need to make a landing hole of the corresponding size. Self.cutting screws are used for fasteners, and each joint is carefully treated with sealant.

Another fan must be attached to the upper part of the glass. It is intended to remove hot and dry air back into the room. It is unfolded so that it blew out a air flow.

How to make a DIY Air Disrester Direct Video Video

Temperature and humidity changes both in the room and outside create uncomfortable conditions for living in the apartment. The optimal exit from this situation is the installation of an air defender. The industrial version is not cheap, so today we will talk about how to make an air default for an apartment with your own hands.

Why do the apartment need an air drainage

The most unwanted and unexpected guests in our home are mold and fungus. Their disputes constantly hide around, but most of the time they are in a state of hibernation, because for activation they need certain conditions:

A temperature above 20 degrees Celsius with a relative humidity of 80%is enough, so that you can see the growth of mold and fungi colonies on the walls of the rooms with the naked eye. Why, in this case, for example, your neighbor does not have such troubles? The answer is simple: the air temperature in all apartments is most often the same, but humidity can vary seriously.

In the fight against the consequences of dampness, of course, you can significantly lower the temperature in the apartment. But who wants to live in constant cold? In this regard, the best option is to install an air drainage.

Among other things, he will guard the health of the residents of the apartment. The body’s immunity is directly dependent on the humidity of the surrounding air: the drier it is, the more complicated the harmful bacteria and microbes multiply.

Drawing will also save you from the evaporates on the windows.

Operating principle

Modern air drainers are represented by many models that can differ significantly from each other. The first difference is the working volume, that is, the amount of water filtered by the device from the air. This parameter is measured in liters for the daily gap (24 hours).

To choose the device with the optimal volume, take into account the size of the room in which it will be installed. Pay attention to the price of equipment. The larger the volume of the drainer, the more expensive it is, but such a device will less likely need maintenance.

Desznyators are portable and stationary. The first are mobile, you can use them in different rooms if necessary. Stationary are attached to the wall, their carrying is impossible, but they have more performance.

The principle of operation of the dehumin is based on a change in humidity due to its condensation. Air enters the room with fans inside the device. There he passes through the evaporator, which is a radiator, the temperature at which is lower than the air temperature in the room. Moisture condenses due to such a temperature difference.

Drops of condensate flow down and collect in a special container. After passing through the evaporator and cooling, the air is heated and fed to the output, from where it falls back into the room already dry and warm.

note! When using such a drainage, you need to make sure that the building has a high.quality forced ventilation system, which supplies fresh air into the room and selects a mixed.

Air condensation drainage circuit

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Such drainers are often used in the following cases:

  • to prevent fogging windows in the rooms;
  • to improve the level of comfort of everyday life;
  • When carrying out repair work.

Any finishing materials during the repair when using the drainage dry are much faster. And the technology does not suffer at all: the temperature in the room remains the same.

Do.it.yourself algorithm for creating the device

Air drainage is provided by three simple principles:

It would seem that with the help of heating it is easiest to drain the air in the room. But in fact, no one will like to constantly be in a too hot apartment. Therefore, we will consider the following two options: adsorption and moisture condensation. Make consorptions based on these principles, you can independently.

Dnuery of the adsorbing type

Perhaps the simplest option that does not require large financial and time costs.

You will need plastic bottles with a volume of 2 liters

Use silica gel as filler

As a fan in such a drainage, you can use the cooler from the processor

An example of connecting parts of bottles for the drainage

Thus, you will get a low-wing and fairly effective device that can easily be powered from a USB-sharing or charging for a mobile phone. The fan creates the influx of the influx and drives the air through silica gel, and the drained stream leaves the penetration holes at the bottom of the structure.

Condensation type drainage

This device is more complicated than the previous one, but the basis of the necessary design is easy to find in every modern house. Roughly speaking, such a drainage can be made, for example, from an old refrigerator.

Example of the Dnuery of Air from the refrigerator

  • Remove the door from the freezer and refrigerator compartments, dismantling the loops. It is easy to do it because most models are equipped with removable doors.
  • On the dimensions of the removed doors, measure the organes of the plexiglass at least 3 mm thick.
  • At a distance of 30–40 cm from the edge of the plate, cut the hole into which the fan will be mounted. Its dimensions should coincide with the protective grate of the pressure unit.
  • Mount the fan, fix its grill with self.tapping screws. The device should work as an influx of pressure unit, blowing the flow of air inside the refrigerator.
  • In the upper part of the plate from plexiglass, drill a number of holes. Their total area should be equal to the area of ​​the fan hole.
  • Right in order the standard system for breeding condensate from the body or finalize it. To do this, connect the outer pipe above the compressor with the accumulative container with a polymer hose.
  • Fasten the plexiglass in the place where the refrigerator door should be. To seal joints and insulate them, use self.adhesive tape or silicone.

Types of drainers

  • adsorption moisture absorption;
  • compression or evaporative;
  • a device created on the basis of the Peltier principle;
  • Rotor adsorption.

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The first type functions thanks to the adsorbent, which is contained inside and perfectly absorbs moisture.

The evaporative drainage works due to the fact that wet air is directed to the cold surface, where it condenses and flows into a special compartment.

The third type is an equipment containing a dumplings element. It is based on the effect of cooling several semiconductor structures as a result of the passage of electric current through them.

The rotary adsorption drainage is an improved class, the principle of operation of which combines the two previous ones.

Air drainer or lyophilizer is installed in

  • private houses and city apartments,
  • bathroom or toilet,
  • kitchen,
  • premises in which there is a pool or a huge aquarium,
  • greenhouses,
  • pantries,
  • cellars,
  • rooms intended for drying linen,
  • sports lockers,
  • basements,
  • garages,
  • In the attics.

The principle of operation of condensation drainage

The condensation type drainage works on the principle of condensation of water vapor, which is contained in the air. The work of this method is carried out by the functioning of the refrigerator, interacting with the capacitor and evaporator, located close to each other. It is considered the most effective from an economic point of view.

The air in the room is drained as follows:

  • Thanks to the engine with the system of the device, wet air is pumped out.
  • Then in the evaporator using the refrigerant, it is cooling.
  • Drowned and chilled air passes through a hot capacitor and is supplied back to the room.

Condensation drainers have several advantages:

The effectiveness of their operation is significantly reduced with a sharp decrease in the ambient temperature, and at temperatures below 10 ° C, use such devices is useless.

The condensation device reduces the percentage of humidity by 6. 8 %. However, the temperature in the room will become lower. by more than 3 ° C.

DIY condensation drainage from the refrigerator

Wet condensation drainage can be made independently, using improvised materials for this.

To make the device will be needed:

  • old freezer, which is in working condition;
  • a small piece of organic glass with dimensions that coincide with the parameters of the camera;
  • fastening products. screws;
  • sealant. silicone glue;
  • two fans;
  • electric heater;
  • hollow pipe made of rubber.

First you need to dismantle the doors at the selected freezer.

To the bottom of a piece of plexiglass, one fan should be reliably attached, so that it must blow inside the freezer. To do this, in the organic glass, you need to make a landing hole of the corresponding size. Self.cutting screws are used for fasteners, and each joint is carefully treated with sealant.

Another fan must be attached to the upper part of the glass. It is intended to remove hot and dry air back into the room. It is unfolded so that it blew out a air flow.

Then it is necessary to mount the floor of the rubber pipe. Its role is to withdraw the condensed moisture from the drainage.

For installation in the lower part of the device, a small hole should be drilled. A hose is inserted into it, after which the edges of the hole are treated with silicone glue. A roomy vessel is placed under the tube so that condensate flows there.

  • At the last stage, organic glass with fans mounts in the freezer instead of the old door.
  • Read more about how to make a device from the refrigerator with your own hands

How to effectively dry the cellar from moisture and condensate?

Dampness in the cellar is a huge problem for most summer residents and country residents. As a rule, humidity increases due to poorly made heat or waterproofing, as well as due to a large number of vegetables and fruits stored in the room. In some cases, condensate is formed due to the lack of a ventilation system.

Whatever the reason, the wet cellar is not suitable for storing products in it, which, with constant exposure to moisture, will quickly deteriorate. That is why moisture needs to be removed and completely get rid of such a phenomenon as condensate. We will talk about how to dry the cellar and properly prepare it for the laying of the crop.

Conducting preparatory work

Humidity in the cellar, as a rule, is at a fairly high level, therefore condensation is formed on the walls and ceiling. Preparatory work includes the complete release of the premises from vegetables stored there since last year (they are already unsuitable for eating, so it is best to remove them from the storage).

In addition, it is recommended to temporarily get rid of wooden elements of the room (racks, pallets, various bins, boxes, shelves, etc. D.). All wooden structures need to be carried out into the street, and then rinse with hot water and soap solution. Before further use, they must be completely dried.

Before carrying out the drainage of air into the storage, all supplies and products should be carried out from there.

A fairly common and effective method of disinfection of wooden storage elements is a layer of whitewashing with the addition of ordinary copper sulfate. As a rule, as a rule, the usual lime, which can be found on sale in any store, acts as a whitewash. Air humidity and condensate in this case will not affect the wood.

In addition, in order to protect wooden elements from mold and fungus, it is necessary to apply antiseptic impregnation to them. You can use any composition sold in the store.

The walls and ceiling of the storage will also then be found and dried. Otherwise, due to increased dampness in the room, it will not be possible to maintain the crop in proper form. In the fall, when they will constantly pour rains, it will not work to dry the cellar efficiently, so all the work should be carried out in the summer.

How is the dried drying?

In order to get rid of excess moisture in the cellar, it is not enough just to open all the ventilation holes and hatch cover.

In the cellar, the air will be systematically cool, and moisture from it is condensed, so it will not work to dry the underground room with ordinary ventilation.

Air humidity and condensate even after several days of maintenance with an open hatch will not go anywhere. To dry the cellar before seasonal laying of the crop, more radical methods should be used.

Several of the most common methods can be distinguished by which the premises are dried. Air humidity and condensate are a big problem, but with forced drying it is enough just to get rid of them.

So, remove excess dampness, humidity and condensate in the following ways:

  • Drying a cellar or vegetable store using an iron stove.
  • Drying of the basement with the use of fried.
  • The use of the most ordinary candles that will improve the natural traction of air.
  • The use of special drainers.

It should be noted that warming up the storage with the help of an iron stove is an extremely time.consuming and troublesome business, so it is recommended to abandon this method immediately. And not everyone has the opportunity to install such a stove in the storage. It is better to use the remaining three methods, since it is important to dry the cellar quickly and without unnecessary troubles.

Fast drying with the use of fried

You can remove excess air humidity and condensate from the cellar using the simplest brazier. This device of small sizes (figurative) is in almost any suburban farm. In any case, you can ask the neighbors.

Fryer quickly heats the air in the room.

Before drying the cellar with the help of a brazier, it is necessary to partially get rid of excess dampness with natural drying for several days. In this case, the roasting will only “finish” the remaining dampness, humidity and condensate.

If you have not found a suitable device for drying or fried, then you can make it with your own hands from the simplest old bucket.

The drying process itself looks as follows:

  • Before drying, we open all the holes that go to the cellar (hole, ventilation pipes).
  • Next, we lower our roasting (bucket) to the bottom of the storage. You can do this yourself or with the help of a rope and hook.
  • In the frozen we make a fire. It needs to be maintained for a while, until the raw air completely leaves the room.
  • According to the laws of physics, warm and dry air from the bottom of the cellar will gradually rise, displacing raw air into open holes. After some time, the cellar will completely dry.

The principle of drying of the basement with a fried bucket.

Before drying the cellar in this way, it is necessary to provide some nuances:

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  • To light a roasting, it is recommended to use wood sawdust and chips. As soon as the fire is flared up, larger wood can also be thrown into the roasting. It is important that the frying frying occurs before you lower it to the bottom of the cellar.
  • Heat from fire will quickly warm the room, taking raw air out. In turn, dry air will quickly spread through the cellar. It is necessary that the entire room is soaked with smoke. This will get rid of any biological activity in the repository, which also negatively affects the storage of vegetables and fruits. The effect of warming the air in this case will last for a long time.

Types of drainages

Devices to reduce the level of humidity and drainage of air differ depending on the principle of work and performance, size and several other criteria. Stationary models are fixed on the wall or ceiling, mobile can be freely moved due to the presence of small wheels. The market presents a large number of air drainages, including condensation and membrane devices. The most popular are absorbing and condensation models. Each of the two types has its own advantages and disadvantages.

Absorbent

Absorbing drainers work on the principle of absorption of excess condensate with a special absorbent. Such devices are considered short.lived, since their absorbent abilities are reduced as they are saturated with moisture. In modern absorbent drainers, silica gel is used as a filler. To extend the life of the device, you need to evenly warm the absorbent that is in the rotor, and timely change it to a more fresh.

Condensation

Condensation condensers work on a principle resembling a scheme for the operation of air conditioners, but at the same time they are supplemented by a function for cooling air masses. Inside such devices there is a refrigerated element, in contact with it, the air reaches the maximum value of the dew point, that is, the moment of moisture condensation. When the air is already cooled, and the liquid is at the stages of the fence, the air masses are heated by the built.in compressor and are supplied back inside the room. The air is overdried during the operation of the device, so powerful condensation devices are not recommended to be installed in residential buildings and apartments.

Humidity control

Before making a home.made overstator, it is important to solve the problem with humidity in advance. Factory devices are supplemented by built.in sensors that control the humidity and air temperature. If we are talking about a do.it.yourself device, you need to purchase additional elements for it. It can be a switch or digital gigrometer that you can buy in a specialized store. It is also often part of the design of modern watches.

Overdled air can be harmful. The presence of a hygrometer makes it possible to determine whether it is necessary to include the drainage at a particular moment. It is advisable to use the device when humidity in the apartment reaches a critical mark of 80%, as a result of which mold and fungal microorganisms can begin to actively multiply. Additionally, weather conditions take into account, in some cases it is necessary to include a humidifier, not a drainage of air.

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