What temperature should be in the refrigerator and freezer: norms and recommendations
What temperature should be in the refrigerator and freezer:
- The ideal total temperature of the refrigerator should be from 3 to 5 ° C.
- The freezer must maintain the temperature.18 ° C or below.
- In the freshness zone (if it is) set a temperature of about 0-1 ° C.
After setting up the thermostat, the desired climate will be installed after 6-8 hours
These norms are suitable for storing most products, but still not for everyone-some supplies need to be stored at zero temperature, while others should be stored at 5-10 degrees of heat. Over, in different zones of the camera, the cold is distributed in different ways, despite the given general regime. Somewhere the climate is warmer, and somewhere-noticeably colder.
- So it turns out that even by adjusting the thermostat correctly, we can find milk with ice floes in the refrigerator, unexpectedly rotten eggs or salad leaves, which for some reason turned into jelly-like slurry.
Of course, the average consumer does not have to know the subtleties of storage conditions for all types of products, but there are some recommendations that are not difficult to remember and apply in life. Our small guide in the next section of the article will help you with this.
Why frost freezer
Indeed, in the cold season, in many regions of our country, perishable products can be stored on the balcony, loggias, just outside. For this, a regular cabinet or suitable box is suitable for this. Nature itself will take care of freezing, and completely free.
Nevertheless, for the preservation of many types of food products, temperature is not enough for zero. On the packaging of some, in particular meat, products, the temperature for long.Term storage is indicated only in frozen form. These values can reach.18 ° C.
To ensure such conditions, there are household and industrial freezers. These devices not only freeze products. It is important to constantly maintain a certain temperature environment, which also contributes to prolonged storage.
Optimum temperature in the refrigerator and freezer
Determining the optimal mode of operation of the device depends on the products stored in it and the terms for which these products must be preserved.
In the fridge
For storing products in chilled form, the temperature of 2 ° C to 5 ° C is considered optimal. In modern models, different temperatures are maintained in different parts of the refrigerator. This was done in order to better save different products at the same time.
[LG Refrigerator]. Temperature Settings Guide
In the freshness zone with a mode from 0 to 1 ° C, fresh meat, fish, dairy products, as well as fruits, berries, herbs are stored. The temperature close to zero holds back the propagation of microorganisms and allows you to maintain the properties of products for several days and even weeks.
In the central part of the refrigerator, a mode from 3 ° C to 6 ° C is supported. These are the optimal conditions for storing soups, cereals, salads, vegetables, sauces, Bukhankaa.
In the lower part there are departments for vegetables and fruits with a temperature of 7 8 ° C.
In the freezer
In the freezer, the temperature regime from –6 ° C to –24 ° C is set. The operating modes are indicated by stars, each of which indicates a decrease in temperature by 6 ° C. The optimal mode in the freezer for long.Term storage of products (up to one year) is –18 ° C, for freezing. –24 ° C.
Manufacturers recommend the average temperature in the refrigerator. 4 degrees of heat. Then the necessary conditions will be met. And remember that near the freezer the place will be cooler.
- Freshness zone. In this compartment, ordinary temperature indicators are kept at a level of 5 to 8 degrees of heat. The humidity in it is quite high.
- Shelves in the door. They are the warmest place; there the temperature can be from 5 to 10 degrees. It all depends on how often the door is opened.
- Middle regiments. It is usually cooler here; The temperature is saved. From 3 to 5 degrees.
- Shelf next to the freezer. Here is cooler for all, the temperature is from 2 to 3 degrees of heat.
If very hot weather is installed in the yard, then in this case, put on the display a lower temperature.
With the freezer, this is the case. When you read the instructions for using it, then you will see that the proposed temperature is –18 ° C. But best regulate it, in accordance with different factors. If the products laid in the freezer are supposed to be stored for only one month, then you can set the temperature.6, but by that time they should already be frozen. For vegetables, fruits and fish, a temperature will be required several degrees below.
For products laid for the freezer for three months, the temperature should be set before.12 degrees. But you need to make sure that they do not defrost at the same time.
But with a recommended 18-degree minus temperature, you can keep products there for a whole year. During this time, nothing will happen to them if the temperature does not increase even for a short time. Modern models of freezers are very good in this regard: in them the process of freezing products passes at a temperature of 24 ° C, and then the automaton itself increases it to –18.
Average T °
In each household refrigerator, operating temperatures can be from 0 to 8 degrees of heat. Such factors affect the average temperature:
What temperature should I set my refrigerator to?
- With what frequency the door opens. It is impossible to avoid the penetration of warm air into the refrigerator;
- How filled with foods. With their minimal quantity, harsh differences cannot be avoided when the door in it opens;
- External environment-the refrigerator functions differently in the winter or summer time.
To maintain a normal temperature regime in the refrigerator and does not allow its strong differences, it is best to use the Nofrost system. Now it is recognized as the most perfect.
In different models of the freezer, stars or snowflakes are indicated on their panel devices. It is they who are considered their T ° indicators.
If the regulator is put on one asterisk (snowflake), then this means that t ° from 6 to 12 degrees of frost. On two. From 12 to 18. On three. From 18 to 24, and on four. From.24 (this is not the limit. There are lower indicators, it all depends on the refrigerator model).
The recommended average temperature in the refrigerator is a gap from 2 to 4 degrees of heat; In the freezer. 18 frost.
On the door
In the door area, the recommended temperature in the refrigerator is the highest and often changing. Since it provides free access of warm air, you should know about which products it is best stored there so that they quickly do not deteriorate.
- The drinks;
- Vegetable oils;
- Acute sauces;
- Canned products;
Common to all their rule is that they need to be used quickly enough, since for long storage this place is not intended. A heavily overloaded door may skew, and from this. Tightness will be disturbed.
On the coldest shelf you need to place perishable food. These are meat and fish dishes, dairy products, open canned goods and desserts.
At what temperature to store products
Even if you set a value of 4 ℃, then it will not be the same in the entire cell. On different shelves, indicators will differ, while very significantly. Therefore, in order to save products, you need to know in which part of the device and at what temperature, it is better to store this or that type of supplies.
So, with a set of 4 ℃ we have this distribution:
- Where colder above or below, depends on the location of the freezer. At the wall near this compartment, the temperature will be from 2 to 3 ℃. It is worth storing perishable supplies: raw meat, fish.
- Medium shelves will have standard indicators from 3 to 5 ℃. They are suitable for dairy products, finished dishes, sausages.
- The boxes maintain a mode from 5 to 8 ℃. That is why greens, vegetables and fruits are well stored there.
- The door is the warmest place: from 8 to 10 ℃. It is advisable to keep stocks with a long shelf life: mayonnaise, ketchup, drinks.
In some units (for example, Samsung RB37K63412A) there is also the so.Called freshness zone. It supports the climate from 0 to 1 ℃. This compartment is an ideal place for fresh meat and fish. They are stored here longer than in the general compartment, and retain the taste and external qualities better than in the freezer.
As for the coldest place of the device. Freezers, here you should focus primarily on the level of workload. If there are few workpieces, then it is enough to set the cold at least –14 ℃. But if a large volume of frost is stored, then you need to set the –24 ℃ mode.
In the case when it is required to quickly freeze a large number of supplies, some models have an option “Super.Summary”. For proper operation, it is necessary a few hours before laying products in the camera to reduce frost to –24 –30 ℃. After placing the blanks in place and wait for them to freeze. When the desired result is achieved, the temperature should be increased to ordinary normal limits.
When working this function, the load on the compressor increases, and the consumption of electricity increases, so you should not abuse it.
The possibilities of modern refrigerators
Manufacturers offer a large assortment of homemade frosty equipment with different compartments, the capacity of the freezer. The standard indicator of the minus temperature range of refrigeration equipment: from.6 ° C to.25 ° C. Units differ in functionality:
- Atlant brand models support three levels of cold. Data is indicated on the regulator. The compartment of fast freezing of homework is provided.
- The refrigerated technique “LG” is classified, the degree of cold depends on the number of frosty chambers: for one limit.12 ° C, two- and three-chamber options are designed for.26 ° C. The function of quick freezing is not in all models.
- Household appliances of the company “Indesit” Standard, the range of minus from 18 to 26. Management mainly sensory.
- Samsung offers several variations with one temperature range (14–25), smooth adjustment.
Hunters and fishermen acquire frozen Lari, carrying out rapid freezing due to severe cold, the unit supports.45 ° C.
Superfront. The function is designed for frosts of a large number of products in a short period of time.
The temperature in the freezer of the refrigerator
Each manufacturer of refrigeration equipment has its own freezers settings. Depending on the manufacturer in freezers, the temperature range ranges from –12 to –26 ° C.
The operating mode is not higher than –18 ° C is considered optimal.
However, there are some nuances:
- For quick freezing of the berries, it is required to lower the level to –24 ° C;
- Когда продукты в морозильнике заполняют лишь половину контейнера и насквозь промерзают, используют режим –12°С.
For optimal operation of the freezer, the thermostat is enough to install on the middle position.
Important! It is not recommended to install the regulator for maximum power (the lowest temperature). This will entail an increase in electricity consumption and reduce the life of the refrigerator.
According to GOST
In the days of the USSR, GOST 16317-87 was developed, according to which 2 temperature functioning regimes were established:
Based on this document, finished products should be stored with T not more than 12 ° C, and for long.Term storage it is necessary to adjust the indicators to the mark not higher than 5 ° C.
Features of different manufacturers
There is no exact data on the ideal temperature regime, so each manufacturer independently sets the range of values for its models.
|Mark||T in the refrigerator compartment (° C)||t in the freezer compartment (° C)|
|Atlant||From 3 to 5||-eighteen|
|Biryusa||From 2 to 5||From.20 to.22|
|LG (LG)||From 2 to 6||-20|
|STINOL (STINOL)||From 3 to 5||-eighteen|
|Indesit (Indesit)||From 2 to 8||From.18 to.26|
|Bosch (Bosch)||From 2 to 6||From.18 to.24|
|HotPoint Ariston (Hotpoint Ariston)||From 3 to 6||-eighteen|
|Haier (Haer)||From 3 to 5||-eighteen|
|Liebherr (Libher)||From 0 to 6||From.18 to.38 (with Super Frost function)|
Storage table or how many degrees should be in the refrigerator to preserve freshness of products
|1 day||1 Week||3 weeks||3 months||6 months||1 year|
|Upper and middle shelves (7 ° C)||Finished dishes (salads, soups, etc.)||Sausage products, pepper||honey|
|Lower shelf 2 ° C||Fresh meat, fish, seafood, milk, watermelon||Broccoli, cabbage, mushrooms, corn||Kiwi, peaches, berries, grapes||Pear, celery, eggs||Turnip, grenade|
|Vegetable boxes 8 ° C||Fruits vegetables||Apples, oranges|
|Door 10 ° C||Lemon, cheese||Sauce, butter, ketchup, mayonnaise, juices packaged||Pepsi, alcohol, carbonated drinks, beer, medicines|
|Zero camera (“freshness zone”) 0 ° C||Fresh meat, fish, seafood||Carrots, apple, pears|
|Freezer.18 ° C||dough||Ice cream, semi.Finished products||Meat, vegetables, fish, fruits||Chicken, mushrooms, butter|
How to adjust the temperature
To maintain working parameters, a thermostat with temperature sensors is used. The device continuously measures the temperature background in the chambers, when the air is heated above the permissible limit (manually installed or laid at the factory), the control pulse is generated, which includes the compressor. The pump compresses the refrigerant, which then expands in the evaporator, ensuring a decrease in the temperature background. The No Frost equipment provides an additional heating element that ensures the removal of ice from the surface of the freezer.
A mechanical controller or electronic button controller is used to adjust the temperature of the indesit refrigerator. The parameters are controlled using the strokes applied to the equipment housing. The extreme left position of the corrector provides a power outage of the compressor, used to defrost cameras. To increase the safety of the procedure, it is recommended to additionally disconnect the power cable, since melt water can get into electrical connectors.
To configure the temperature, it is necessary to turn the regulator to the right, the extreme right position corresponds to the maximum cooling. There are regulators with a smooth change in cooling parameters, the old refrigerators were equipped with a step corrector. In the part of the refrigerators, Indesite has a special ECO position, which ensures a decrease in electricity consumption when maintaining the proper temperature background in the freezer.
Horizontal Lary Indesit set up at the manufacturer at the temperature.18 ° C, which is considered optimal for the operation of equipment. The regulator has 2 working zones. Cooler and Freezer. When installing the corrector in the Freezer position, you can achieve cooling products to temperature in the interval from.22 ° to.14 ° C. Transfer of the regulator to the Cooler sector allows you to convert the equipment to the refrigerator mode. The temperature in the chamber is in the range from 0 ° to 6 ° C, which allows you to store drinks or fresh fruits without the danger of freezing and loss of taste.
The intermediate position of the regulator, indicated by the inscription OFF, allows you to turn off the compressor. The Larry design provides a control lamp, which is turned on with excessive air heating in the chamber. The installation supports the forced mode of accelerated freezing, which is used when transferring the regulator in the Freezer field. The manufacturer does not recommend turning on the frost when using the Cooler mode, since the drop in temperature causes crystallization of water and the destruction of containers with drinks.
Vertical Lari are designed for temperature from.24 ° to.16 ° C, configuration is made by sequential presses on the button. Prolonged exposure to the key transfers equipment to the waiting mode with the compressor disconnection. The accelerated frost mode operating for 48 hours is supported.
Adjustment in a two.Chamber refrigerator
The refrigerator of a two.Chamber type Indesit can be equipped with a separate temperature control for the freezer and the refrigerator compartment. Correlators with control LEDs are taken to the upper end panel of the installation case. The user has the opportunity to configure the required parameters depending on the loading of the chambers with products. So, when filling the freezer, fresh meat, you can set the mode of accelerated frost. At the same time, a normal background is preserved in the refrigerator compartment, preventing drying or milk.