How to check the engine of the Beko washing machine

Why the engine does not start on the washing machine

The washing machine has become tightly into the life of modern people, and its possible breakdown can bring a lot of trouble. There are several reasons that can bring not only the engine into a malfunction, but also other parts of the washing machine. improper operation of the equipment, excessive linen overload, hard water, factory marriage. But, before buying a new engine, you need to check with your own hands and at home, to finally make sure of its malfunctions.

Washing in an automatic machine is a familiar procedure for many users. This facilitates labor and frees the mass of free time. But your comfort will be at risk if the technique is out of order. During operation, the engine of the washing machine may break. This topic is often discussed on forums and repair sites. To facilitate the search for breakdowns, we compiled a list of typical problems and ways to eliminate them.

Types of engines

In washing machines, the following types of engines are most often used:

Consider each type of engine in more detail, and how to check its serviceability.

Asynchronous engine

This engine in washing machines was used earlier. It has not high efficiency and therefore is almost not used in modern machines. Compared to modern electric motors, it is the simplest and most reliable, therefore it breaks, much less often than engines of other types.

Checking the serviceability of an engine of this type at home is quite difficult. It is directly connected to the drum. But if, after all, it will be possible to get to it, then you need to know that, most often the engine breaks due to wear of the bearings. There are two of them in an electric motor.

With their help, the rotor shaft rotates. Also found, but less often, a break in windings. With improper storage and operation of the washing machine, you can find such an engine defect as a violation of the insulation of its windings.

First of all, what needs to be done is visual inspection. This applies to all types of engines. We must pay attention to the integrity of the paint on the engine housing. Its absence in some places may indicate excessive heating of the motor. Visual engine examination is best done by dismantling it.

If there is no certainty that you can cope with this work, it is better not to take it up for it. All repair work in all types of engines is carried out only when they are turned off from the network.

The procedure for disassembling the asynchronous engine:

  • Unscrew the screws,
  • make notes with risks, the location of the covers relative to the housing,
  • Remove the fan by unscrewing two bolts,
  • Remove the front and back cover of the engine, having previously unscrewed the screws.
check, engine, beko, washing, machine

It is necessary to inspect the rotor. When examining, you can identify damage associated with the melting or its blackening. In this case, the rotor must be replaced. Next, the stator is examined. When examined, you can detect burnt insulating varnish. This may indicate an interval circuit. The winding in this case requires rewinding. But it is better to replace the part as a whole.

If a visual inspection, no results, it is necessary, using a multimeter, make sure that the integrity of the windings. Checks are subject to launch and working windings. The asynchronous engine from the old washing machine has three conclusions. All windings are checked among themselves, as well as with the body. If the device shows, at least some resistance, then there is a breakdown of windings. In this case, the engine is handed over to stationary repairs for rewinding of windings. These are the main methods of checking the asynchronous engine at home.

Collector engine

The electric motor is often used in modern washing machines. It has a belt gear with a drum, and is easily extracted from the unit, so it is not difficult to check the engine service.

The engine should be removed from the body of the washing machine, having previously unscrewing the wall wall. It is usually located under the tank. After extracting the engine, the rotor to the stator is connected in series.

220 volt voltage is supplied to the ends of this electrical circuit. For security, the load element over 500 watts should be turned on sequentially in the chain. To do this, the heating element, or some powerful heating element is included in the chain. This inclusion will prevent the engine from complete failure in case of closing of the windings.

It is very good to conduct such a check using a special laboratory transformer. When rotating the rotor, you can first, but not 100% judge the performance of the engine, since in the assembled washing unit the engine operation is carried out under load.

Types of engines

In washing machines, the following types of engines are most often used:

Consider each type of engine in more detail, and how to check its serviceability.

Asynchronous engine

This engine in washing machines was used earlier. It has not high efficiency and therefore is almost not used in modern machines. Compared to modern electric motors, it is the simplest and most reliable, therefore it breaks, much less often than engines of other types.

Checking the serviceability of an engine of this type at home is quite difficult. It is directly connected to the drum. But if, after all, it will be possible to get to it, then you need to know that, most often the engine breaks due to wear of the bearings. There are two of them in an electric motor.

With their help, the rotor shaft rotates. Also found, but less often, a break in windings. With improper storage and operation of the washing machine, you can find such an engine defect as a violation of the insulation of its windings.

First of all, what needs to be done is visual inspection. This applies to all types of engines. We must pay attention to the integrity of the paint on the engine housing. Its absence in some places may indicate excessive heating of the motor. Visual engine examination is best done by dismantling it.

The procedure for disassembling the asynchronous engine:

It is necessary to inspect the rotor. When examining, you can identify damage associated with the melting or its blackening. In this case, the rotor must be replaced. Next, the stator is examined. When examined, you can detect burnt insulating varnish. This may indicate an interval circuit. The winding in this case requires rewinding. But it is better to replace the part as a whole.

If a visual inspection, no results, it is necessary, using a multimeter, make sure that the integrity of the windings. Checks are subject to launch and working windings. The asynchronous engine from the old washing machine has three conclusions. All windings are checked among themselves, as well as with the body. If the device shows, at least some resistance, then there is a breakdown of windings. In this case, the engine is handed over to stationary repairs for rewinding of windings. These are the main methods of checking the asynchronous engine at home.

Collector engine

The electric motor is often used in modern washing machines. It has a belt gear with a drum, and is easily extracted from the unit, so it is not difficult to check the engine service.

The engine should be removed from the body of the washing machine, having previously unscrewing the wall wall. It is usually located under the tank. After extracting the engine, the rotor to the stator is connected in series.

220 volt voltage is supplied to the ends of this electrical circuit. For security, the load element over 500 watts should be turned on sequentially in the chain. To do this, the heating element, or some powerful heating element is included in the chain. This inclusion will prevent the engine from complete failure in case of closing of the windings.

Types of testing devices

In addition to a standard set of tools (pliers, a set of screwdrivers and keys), you will need an electrical device that performs the “call” of the motor.

Multimeter

Previously, the multimeter was called an aviameter. it was a switch device that measures the resistance, voltage and current strength. Today, switch devices have almost completely left the market. with the exception of miniature, modern versions, which to find problematic. They gave way to digital brothers that allow you to check diodes, capacitors, inductance and winding coils, and even the serviceability of transistors.

Tester

The same as the multimeter, but can be made independently. from any arrow galvanometer. To measure measurements, the tester switches to the resistance measurement mode (values ​​on the sector with the designations of OM and com).

The device was called the “call”. for the zummer mode: with a resistance below 200 Ohms, a sound alarm is triggered.

Checking brushes

Attention! You can determine the wear of the brush due to a visual inspection, the presence of sparks during the operation of the engine or the appearance of sounds during washing.

Electric power plants can wear out due to the overloaded tank during washing, using maximum revolutions during spinning, as well as when the engine winding is closed in turns. For each model of a washing machine, there is a certain type of brush that should be bought in a specialized store.

Important! If the new brushes have not gone to all parts of the motor department, the appearance of strong sparks may occur.

Firm brushes will last longer, but excessive hardness can negatively affect the collector and lead to its breakdown.

Testing the rotor

To identify the closure or break off the rotor winding, you must have a special device. a multimeter that measures the resistance level between lamellas (within 20-200 Ohms). In the event of a maximum level, this means that there was a cliff. At a small level. there was a short circuit.

When switching a multimeter to a zummer mode, you can check the location of the rotor to the iron package, connecting one end of the device with the rotor iron, and the other should be moved to different lamellas. In this case, the device multimeter should not make sounds.

We determine what happened to the engine

It is safe to say that this is the most unpleasant breakdown, which entails a full failure of household appliances and large expenses for its repair or to buy new equipment. In order to check the engine of the washing machine for the cliff or the closing of the rotor winding, in order to prove or refute the breakdown, you will be required to use the multimeter:

  • Turn on your multimeter in the resistance measurement state.
  • Then measure the resistance between absolutely all neighboring lamellas. The landmark is simple-it should be equal allwhere, namely within 20-200 Ohms.

Важно! В том случае, если обрыв будет, то сопротивление будет максимальным. Во время межвиткового замыкания общее сопротивление всей обмотки будет значительно меньше.

Brushes for a washing machine. purpose, types and replacement

This type of repair as a replacement of electric grounds in the electric motor of the washing machine belongs to the average complexity. For the repair, you need a small set of tools: flat and cross screwdriver, pliers, tube key for 8 or 10, sandpaper (zero), rag and alcohol. Before starting the replacement of brushes, you must accurately make sure of their breakdown or deterioration, as well as figure out what they serve and where they are.

Check the condition of the brushes

Be sure to pay attention to the electrographs. They are located on both sides of the case and smooth out the friction force emanating from the engine. The blow is taken by carbon tips, which over time are erased and require replacement. To check them, we take the following steps:

  • We unscrew the holding bolts.
  • Squeeze the spring and remove the brushes.
  • We disassemble the body of each brush.
  • We evaluate the condition of coal tips. If their length is less than 1.5 cm, we change it to new.

Electric power plants always change a couple, even if one of them is completely new.

If the brushes are erased, you need to purchase new. Ideally, it is worth taking old samples to the store and buy them similar details. Electrostis are installed in the reverse order according to the already familiar instruction.

Is it worth buying an inverter washing machine with a direct drive?

Direct drive models are undoubtedly a technological step forward, compared with units equipped with traditional types of electric motor. Samsung washing machines equipped with an inverter with Eco Bubble bubble technology can be called one of the leaders in this segment of household appliances. Only the fact that the company gives a ten.year guarantee for its engines speaks in favor of their purchase and operation. If the issue of significant saving of water and electricity remains controversial for such a technique, then the reliability and noiselessness of new models equipped with direct drive are their undoubted and undeniable advantage.

Lameli is responsible for the transmission of an electric discharge to the rotor. They are attached to the glue directly to the shaft, but when jaming the electric motor are able to collapse and exfoliate. If the detachment is insignificant, then you can do without replacing the engine using a lathe and a small sandpaper.

Rided lamellas have detachments and burrs.

With problems with the winding, the engine either cannot accelerate to the maximum values, or does not start at all. The fact is that a short circuit occurs, the motor begins to bask strongly, the thermal attemptor fixes overheating and urgently cuts down the system. If you do not eliminate the problem, then the vicious circle will continue until the termistor breaks down. The state of the winding is checked by a multimeter.

  • The tester turns on the “Resistance” mode.
  • The probes are applied to the lamella.
  • The value on the display is estimated, which is normal 20-200 Ohms. If the figure is smaller, then the case is close, more. in the cliff.

The stator is also checked by a multimeter in a zeummer mode alternate attachment of probes to the winding. If the device is silent, then everything is in order. Having discovered the problem of the winding, do not rush to repair the engine. this is useless. Easier and cheaper to purchase a new motor.

Interesting:

If the washing machine has stopped working, the reason may be in engine malfunction. Before buying a new part, you need to check the SMO motor and establish the reason for its breakdown. In most cases, it can be repaired.

In the article, let’s consider what types of engines are and what is the peculiarity of them with your own hands.

We determine what happened to the engine

It is safe to say that this is the most unpleasant breakdown, which entails a full failure of household appliances and large expenses for its repair or to buy new equipment. In order to check the engine of the washing machine for the cliff or the closing of the rotor winding, in order to prove or refute the breakdown, you will be required to use the multimeter:

check, engine, beko, washing, machine
  • Turn on your multimeter in the resistance measurement state.
  • Then measure the resistance between absolutely all neighboring lamellas. The landmark is simple-it should be equal allwhere, namely within 20-200 Ohms.

Важно! В том случае, если обрыв будет, то сопротивление будет максимальным. Во время межвиткового замыкания общее сопротивление всей обмотки будет значительно меньше.

Causes of breakdowns and ways to eliminate them

  • You can check the wear of the details by following their work: if the brushes sparkle, and there is a black plaque on them, then you need to replace them
  • You can detect a cliff by conducting a check by a multimeter converted into the resistance measurement mode (the resistance between the lamellas should be within 0.1-0.4 Ohms);
  • If there is a cliff, the engine is most advisable to change for the new one (or replace the part of it in which the malfunction is detected)

Within the framework of the subject, it is enough to represent a simplified principle of operation and design features of any engine.

The principle of operation: what electrical processes must be well represented during repair

Any engine consists of a stationarily fixed case. a stator and a rotor rotating in it, which is also called an anchor.

Its circular movement is created due to the effect of the rotating magnetic field of the stator on it, formed by the flow of electric currents according to stator windings.

Когда обмотки исправны, то по ним текут номинальные расчетные токи, создающие магнитные потоки оптимальной величины.

If the resistance of the PROVERS or their insulation is disturbed, then leakage currents, short circuits and other damage are created that affect the operation of the electric motor.

Between the stator and the rotor, a minimum possible gap is made. He can be violated:

Когда происходит задевание вращающихся частей о неподвижный корпус, то создается их разрушение и дополнительные механические нагрузки. All this requires a thorough inspection, analysis of the state of the internal parts before the start of electrical checks.

Quite often not qualified analysis is an additional cause of breakdowns. Use a special tool and pullers that eliminate damage to the faces of the shafts.

After disassembly, immediately during the inspection, the backlash, the free course of the bearings, their cleanliness and lubrication, the correctness of seats are checked.

In addition, the collector electric motor may be very worn out plates or brushes.

All this must be checked before applying the operating voltage.

Features of structures affecting the technology of searching for defects

Typically, the manufacturer of electrical characteristics indicates on the plate attached to the case. This information should be believed.

However, often during the repair or rewind, the structure of the stator changes, and the plate remains the same. This option should also be taken into account.

For a household network 220 volts, engines can be used:

Three.phase synchronous and asynchronous electric motors operate in 380 volts.

All of them differ in design, but, due to work according to the general laws of electrical engineering, they allow the use of the same test methods consisting in measurements of electrical characteristics with indirect and direct methods.

check, engine, beko, washing, machine

Beko wmb 7, 8, 9 Series washing machines diagnostic & test mode

Lameli and windings

Lameli is responsible for the transmission of an electric discharge to the rotor. They are attached to the glue directly to the shaft, but when jaming the electric motor are able to collapse and exfoliate. If the detachment is insignificant, then you can do without replacing the engine using a lathe and a small sandpaper.

Rided lamellas have detachments and burrs.

With problems with the winding, the engine either cannot accelerate to the maximum values, or does not start at all. The fact is that a short circuit occurs, the motor begins to bask strongly, the thermal attemptor fixes overheating and urgently cuts down the system. If you do not eliminate the problem, then the vicious circle will continue until the termistor breaks down. The state of the winding is checked by a multimeter.

  • The tester turns on the “Resistance” mode.
  • The probes are applied to the lamella.
  • The value on the display is estimated, which is normal 20-200 Ohms. If the figure is smaller, then the case is close, more. in the cliff.

The stator is also checked by a multimeter in a zeummer mode alternate attachment of probes to the winding. If the device is silent, then everything is in order. Having discovered the problem of the winding, do not rush to repair the engine. this is useless. Easier and cheaper to purchase a new motor.

Interesting:

If the washing machine has stopped working, the reason may be in engine malfunction. Before buying a new part, you need to check the SMO motor and establish the reason for its breakdown. In most cases, it can be repaired.

In the article, let’s consider what types of engines are and what is the peculiarity of them with your own hands.

Beko washing machine motor repair. Vlog #3

How to check the serviceability of the electric motor on the washing machine?

What engine is used in washing rooms? There are three of them in total:

We will analyze how to check the collector engine, because it is installed in most models.

What can break in a moving node? Distinguish between three main problems. Users face them most often:

How to Check Beko Front Load BLDC Inverter Motor

Find out what exactly has broken, diagnostics will help.

How to check the motor brushes?

Any diagnosis provides for the dismantling of parts from the body. Pre.turn off the smoke from the network, redraw the inlet valve of the water supply.

  • Remove the top cover by twisting the mounting screws and moving the panel back.
  • Disconnect the flood hose.
  • Remove the bolts around the perimeter of the back wall. Take her aside.

Under the tank there is an electric motor. Disconnect its wiring, unscrew the mounting bolts. Pull the engine over yourself and take it out of the case.

So, the knot in front of you. There are brushes on both sides of its body. Their rods consist of graphite material, which is erased when in contact with the rotor of the collector engine. Then the brushes stop transferring electricity to the rotor and rotation stops. With severe wear under the washer, you can notice sparking.

With wear, more than half the replacement is carried out. Be sure to change two details at the same time, regardless of the degree of abrasion. Clean seats from graphite dust. Press the spring of a new brush and insert into the nest. Return the terminal to its place, connect the wiring.

How to ring the winding of the electric motor rotor correctly?

Due to the closure or cliff, the drum in cm may not completely scroll or not rotate at all. During the closure, the motor begins to heat up, which is why the protective thermostat is triggered and the engine does not start. Sometimes when heated, the lamella exfoliation occurs, which leads to another breakdown.

You will need a tester to diagnose windings. How to check the engine winding with a multimeter:

  • Set up the torture to measure the resistance.
  • Touch the probes to two lamellas.
  • Waste parts will show values ​​from 20 to 200 Ohms.
  • If there is a cliff, the values ​​on the screen will strive for infinity.
  • In case of closing, the indicators will be minimal.

To exclude the circuit of the rotor, do this:

To check if the electric motor has burned down, it is necessary to find out the resistance of the stator windings. Close the wiring with each other, attach a multimeter probe to them in zummer mode. If a squeak is heard, then the case is closed.

Engine repair in this case is a useless occupation. It is difficult to rewind the winding and inappropriate. It is cheaper to replace the engine.

Inspection of lamellas

As we wrote, when heated by the lamellas, they can exfoliate. Then contact with the rotor is lost. Detachment also happens when the bearings are wedged. Or in a washing machine with a vertical load, a cycle without closed drum wings begins. Then the performance of the electric motor will be violated.

If after the inspection you noticed chips, burrs, the lamella can be protected on a lathe or handed over to the workshop.

Now you know how to call the engine a tester and carry out repairs if necessary. Do not delay the repair if you heard extraneous sounds, crackle during the work of washing. Found a breakdown? You can turn to the master for help to restore the motor.

Lameli and windings

Lameli is responsible for the transmission of an electric discharge to the rotor. They are attached to the glue directly to the shaft, but when jaming the electric motor are able to collapse and exfoliate. If the detachment is insignificant, then you can do without replacing the engine using a lathe and a small sandpaper.

Rided lamellas have detachments and burrs.

With problems with the winding, the engine either cannot accelerate to the maximum values, or does not start at all. The fact is that a short circuit occurs, the motor begins to bask strongly, the thermal attemptor fixes overheating and urgently cuts down the system. If you do not eliminate the problem, then the vicious circle will continue until the termistor breaks down. The state of the winding is checked by a multimeter.

  • The tester turns on the “Resistance” mode.
  • The probes are applied to the lamella.
  • The value on the display is estimated, which is normal 20-200 Ohms. If the figure is smaller, then the case is close, more. in the cliff.

The stator is also checked by a multimeter in a zeummer mode alternate attachment of probes to the winding. If the device is silent, then everything is in order. Having discovered the problem of the winding, do not rush to repair the engine. this is useless. Easier and cheaper to purchase a new motor.

Interesting:

If the washing machine has stopped working, the reason may be in engine malfunction. Before buying a new part, you need to check the SMO motor and establish the reason for its breakdown. In most cases, it can be repaired.

In the article, let’s consider what types of engines are and what is the peculiarity of them with your own hands.

Closing or breaking the wiring of the rotor or stator

This is probably the most unpleasant breakdown that can happen. To check the engine of the washing machine to break or closing the rotor winding, you will need a multimeter: turn on the multimeter in the resistance measurement mode and measure the resistance between all neighboring lamellas-it should be everywhere equal to 20-200 Ohms. If there is a cliff, the resistance will be maximum. With inter.flip circuit, the overall resistance of the winding will be less.

To check the rotor to close to the iron package, switch the multimeter to the zummer mode and connect one end to the rotor iron, and move the second one by one by lamella, the multimeter should not make a signal.

Now you need to check the stator winding for the presence of an inter.flip circuit, for this also a multimeter in a zummer mode, close all the ends of the wiring alternately, the multimeter should be silent. If you saw and heard a multimeter signal, then you have an interval closing.

After that, to check the breakdown of the wiring on the housing, click one end of the multimeter to the housing, and the second clip alternately for the wiring, the signal should not be. If it is, then the wiring is disturbed by isolation and it is broken to the case. In this case, the washing machine can be beaten by current.

Beko wm5100w Washing Machine Test Mode, Error Code Faults Diagnostic

If you have detected a break or closing of windings, then it makes no sense to repair such an engine. Of course there are options, rewind the winding, but it will cost much more than buy a new. Therefore, with such a malfunction, the motor should be replaced. Either replace the part that is faulty (if it is possible to buy one), for example, only a rotor or just a stator.

Is it worth repairing beko?

It is no secret that Beko has “insides” from Ardo. Sale of the same product under different brands, not a new “invention”. To attract the buyer Turkish (more precisely, the Turkish-Chinese-China plans primarily the price and abundance of functions. But with reliability, not everything is smooth.

  • Natural wear: drain pump
  • Engine brushes
  • Heating element (TEN)
  • Luke lock device (UBB)
  • Water supply valve
  • The drive belt of the engine
  • Back bearings
  • Shock absorbers of the pendant of the tank
    Control board (voltage jump)

Typical causes of Beko breakdowns and their individuality in elimination

As we have already noted above, malfunctions of washing units can easily give this out to their external symptoms with improper work or a complete refusal. But how to correctly connect these breakdowns with certain breakdowns? Some knowledge and advice of leading specialists will already be needed here, which we will be happy to state in this article.

If you notice that washing is carried out in cold water instead of the set 40

or 60 degrees-this indicates a breakdown of the water heating element (heating), or control board.

You can come to this conclusion if you set the washing temperature of 30 degrees Celsius, and the machine stubbornly brings it to a boil, thereby mercilessly spoiling your things from delicate fabrics. In this case, the case with a malfunction of the board is more likely than Ten, but just in case, check both that and the other.

When you start some kind of program, the machine should start filling your tank with water. All this will happen with different intensity, which directly depends on the wash mode you have chosen. In order to take a look at the process of water bay, look into the window of the tank. But if you notice that after twenty and thirty minutes the machine can freeze and stop the execution of the program, issuing some kind of error code. This development of events is characterized by four different reasons:

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