Washing machine electric motor connection diagram
The resistance of the launch winding is 26 Ohms. The main factors of fast heating are: wear or pollution of the bearing; The increased capacitance of the capacitor is only for the asynchronous type of motor. Everything was dismantled for useful bauls and it was time to check the condition of the motor. Vibroostol for the production of decorative tiles, paving slabs or other concrete products where the solution is necessary and removed from there air bubbles. The working tachogenerator in a calm state usually resistance is 70 Ohms. Revolutions control regulator (connection, configuration, test)
Their feature is the ability to work both from alternating and direct current. Possible breakdowns now you know how to connect an electric motor to give it a completely new life, but a small incident may happen: the motor has not started. To start the engine, you should connect the wire coming from it in a certain way. As a rule, the basis of any washing machine is its electric motor, which can find its application after disassembling the washer for spare parts. With the help of such a mixer, you can knead plaster mixtures, tile glue, concrete. An example of such a device is the TDA built on the integrated chip
If necessary, the capacitance of the capacitor is best reduced to a minimum at which it copes with the launch of the electric motor. Instead of a “SB” contactor, a non.Polar condenser of a small capacity near MKF can stand as it is equipped in a washing machine for convenience. Continue to read our site and good day!
Connecting the electric motor from the old washing machine through the capacitor.
Type of the electric motor of the washing machine
To understand how to connect the engine, find out first what type of motor was used in the old washing machine. If this is a technique of Soviet times, asynchronous engines were installed there. Their design consists of a minimum of elements:
The stator in the design serves as a support, as well as a magnetic circuit. The moving rotor is responsible for the rotation of the drum. When turning on, the magnetic fields of these elements interact, which leads to rotation of the shaft and transmitting torque to the drive belt.
Asynchronous motors are divided into two types: two.Phase and three.Phase. The production of two.Phase has long ceased, so you can most often find a device that works on three phases. Its advantages include:
Of the shortcomings, a low efficiency (efficiency), large dimensions and low power are distinguished.
In the modern washing machine (SMA), collector and inverter engines are used, but in this publication we will talk about the asynchronous type.
Connection of the Old Washing Machine Motor
Connecting the engine of an old washing machine is a little more complicated and will require you to find the necessary windings yourself using a multimeter. In order to find the wires, call the engine windings and find a couple. To do this, switch the multimeter to the resistance measurement, at one end, touch the first wire, and the second in turn find it a couple. Write down or remember the resistance of the winding. We will need it.
Then, similarly, find the second pair of wires and fix the resistance. We got two windings with different resistance. Now you need to determine which one is working and what is the starting. Everything is simple here, the working winding should have less resistance than the starting.
Many people believe that a capacitor is needed to start such an engine. This is an error, the capacitor is used in engines of a different type without starting winding. Here he can burn the motor during work.
To start the engine of this plan, you will need a button or starting relay. The button is needed with non.Fixed contact and is suitable, for example, the button from the doorbell.
Now we connect the engine and button according to the scheme: but the winding of excitement (s) is directly fed 220 V. On the starting winding (PO), you need to apply the same voltage, only to start the engine for a short time, and turn it off. For this you need a button (SB).
We connect it directly to the 220V network, and by connecting to a network of 220 V through the SB button.
- PO. Launch winding. Intended only for starting the engine and involved at the very beginning, until the engine starts to rotate.
- OV. Winding of excitement. This is a working winding that is constantly in work, it rotates the engine all the time.
- SB. The button with which the voltage is supplied to the starting winding and after starting the engine turns off it.
After you have made the entire connection, just start the engine from the washing machine. To do this, click on the SB button and, as soon as the engine starts to rotate, release it.
How to Connect an Electric Motor from a Washing Machine with a Switch For Reversing Rotation
In order to make a reverse (rotation of the engine in the opposite direction), you need to change the contacts of the winding in places. Thus, the engine will begin rotation in the other direction.
Everything, now the motor from the old washing machine can serve you as a new device.
Before starting the engine, be sure to fix it on a flat surface, t. To. Its rotation turnover is quite large.
The working motor from cm can be applied in economic needs. We decided to lay the yard with tiles? Make a home.Made vibrostol.
You will need one stove fixed by mobile details to the basis. The launch of the electric motor from the washing machine will contribute to the movement of the slab. By releasing air from concrete, you can improve the quality of the tile, make it stronger and durable.
You can also make a concrete mixer, only an additional tank will be needed. Metal blades are installed inside the tank in the form of the letter “P”. The drain hole closes. How to connect the engine of the washing machine to a homemade concrete mixer, you can see on
If you are a little versed in technology and have a desire to do something with your own hands, then you will find application to the motor. How to start the engine from a washing machine, you already know, so get to work. Video will help you:
How to enable a collector.Type engine
The appearance of engines of different models may differ, but the device, the principle of operation is almost identical. The device consists of:
- Stator coils (shoes) with two, three conclusions;
- Two brushes;
- Taccard (with two, three wires);
- Terminal block.
To connect the engine, you need to know the outputs of windings of the anchor, stator, tacockman. Tester will help not to get confused among the wires.
How to connect an electric motor
Set the tester in the smallest resistance mode, call the tacracker windings, coils, anchor. Make the terminals of terminals that are nicknamed among themselves to find a pair. If you have a design with 4 wires, then red-brown-stator, gray-green-rotor. The colors of wires of different models of the smell may differ. Therefore, use a multimeter. You got a device with 6 wires? Those on the left. Regulate the revolutions of the machine with a tapacker. Their resistance is about 70 Ohms. The correctly connected device gains speed smoothly, does not crack, does not sparkle. Check how much revolutions the motor makes, you can speed up the speed.
How to start the engine from a washing machine, you can see here:
There are many ways to control:
- Laboratory Autotransformer;
- Household appliance fee;
- Buttons of screwdrivers, bells;
- Lighting regulators (switches, toggle switches).
The adjustment scheme is simple, it can be done with your own hands.
This is a satisfactory option for the pump, fan. Powerful mechanisms (for example, machines) will need a different regulator scheme.
The essence of the issue is to reduce the momentum by maintaining performance. Connection is carried out through a tachogenerator, which transfers the number of turns of the circuit of the revolutionary control regulator coordinating the cycle with a thyristor.
This board allows you to increase, reduce speed, but requires constant, intensive cooling due to overheating. A detailed video about speed adjustment, move strength, and connecting the chip can be viewed here:
Connection schemes for single.Phase asynchronous engines
With a launch winding
To connect the engine with the start winding, you need a button in which one of the contacts after turning on is opened. These opening contacts will need to be connected to the launch winding. There is such a button in stores. This is PNVS. Her average contact closes at the time of retention, and two extreme ones remain in a closed state.
The appearance of the PNVS button and the state of contacts after the “Start” button is released “
First, using measurements, we determine what kind of working winding, which is the starting. Typically, the output from the motor has three or four wires.
Consider the option with three wires. In this case, two windings are already united, that is, one of the wires is the general. We take the tester, measure the resistance between all three pairs. The worker has the smaller resistance, the average value is the starting winding, and the greatest is the general output (the resistance of two sequentially turned on the windings is measured).
If there are four conclusions, they call in pairs. Find two pairs. The one in which the resistance is less. The working one, in which there is more. Starting. After that, connect one wire from the starting and working winding, display the general wire. Total three wires remain (as in the first version):
With these three wires and work further. We use to connect a single.Phase engine.
We connect all three wires to the button. It also has three contacts. Be sure to “put the starting wire“ put on average contact (which is closed only for the time of starting), the other two. To the extreme (arbitrarily). We connect the power cable (from 220 V) to the extreme input contacts of the PNVS, connect the average contact with a jumper with the worker (pay attention! Not with the general). That’s the whole circuit of turning on a single.Phase engine with a starting winding (bifILAR) through the button.
How to Wiring Universal Washing Machine Motor
When connecting a single.Phase condenser engine, there are options: there are three connection schemes and all with capacitors. Without them, the motor is buzzing, but does not start (if you connect it according to the scheme described above).
Single condenser engine connection diagrams
The first scheme. With a capacitor in the supply circuit of the starting winding. Are well launched, but during operation the power is far from nominal, but much lower. The switching circuit with the capacitor in the connection circuit of the working winding gives the opposite effect: not very good indicators when starting, but good working characteristics. Accordingly, the first scheme is used in devices with heavy starting (concrete mixers, for example), and with a working condenser. If good working characteristics are needed.
Two condenser circuit
There is another option for connecting a single.Phase engine (asynchronous). Install both capacitors. It turns out something between the options described above. This scheme is most often implemented. It is in the figure above in the middle or in the photo below in more detail. When organizing this scheme, you also need a button like PNVS, which will connect the capacitor only not the start time while the motor “accelerates”. Then two windings will remain connected, and the auxiliary through the capacitor.
Connecting a single.Phase engine: a scheme with two capacitors. Working and starting
When implementing other schemes. With one capacitor. You will need a regular button, machine or toggle switch. Everything is connected there simply.
Selection of capacitors
There is a rather complicated formula by which you can calculate the required container for sure, but it is quite possible to do with recommendations that are bred on the basis of many experiments:
The operating voltage of these capacitors should be 1.5 times higher than the network voltage, that is, for the 220 volts, we take capacities with an operating voltage of 330 V and above. And to make the start passes easier, look for a special capacitor for the starting circuit. They have the words of Start or Starting in the labeling, but you can take the usual.
Changing the direction of movement of the motor
If after connecting the motor works, but the shaft is spinning in the direction that you need, you can change this direction. This is done by changing the windings of the auxiliary winding. When the scheme was assembled, one of the wires was fed to the button, the second was connected to the wire from the working winding and brought out the general. Here it is necessary to throw the guides.
Connection of the electric motor from the new washer
If you look at the terminal block with the wires in front, then usually the first two left wires are the wires of the tacracker, thanks to which the rotation speed of the engine of the washing machine is measured and regulated. We do not need them. Crossed out with a cross.
In different models of washing machines, wires differ in color, but the principle of connection remains unchanged. You just need to find the necessary wires, calling them a multimeter.
The working tachogenerator in a calm state usually has a resistance of 50-100 Ohms. You will immediately find these wires and turn them off.
If you need to change the frequency of rotation of the engine in the opposite direction, just drag the jumper to other contacts. Look at the schemes how it looks.
Two contacts pass through the brushes to the rotor windings, and the other two contacts go to the stator winding. The remaining contacts. A sensor for measuring the speed of rotation of the motor. The winding of the rotor and stator are connected sequentially and changing the ends of one of the windings, you change the direction of rotation. Without an electronic regulator, the engine will accelerate to several thousand revolutions per minute (as with maximum pressing).
How to connect an electric motor three.Phase asynchronous?
Each of these engines is designed, as a rule, for 2 network voltages: 220 V, 220 and 127 V, etc.D.
There are two connection diagrams for it: you can connect the electric motor from the washing machine with a “triangle” (220V) and “star” (380 V). Having retracted the windings, they achieve changes in the face value of one voltage to another.
With the jumper and a block with six conclusions available to the electric motor, you need to change the position of the jumpers.
With any connection scheme, the direction of the windings should coincide with the direction of the windings. A zero point for the “star” can act both the beginning of the winding and the end, unlike the “triangle”, where they are connected only in series. In other words, the end of the previous one with the beginning of the subsequent.
The engine is also allowed in a single.Phase network, but not with full dedication. Non.Polar capacitors are used for this. With capacitors installed on the network, maximum power will not exceed 70%.
Connecting the engine from the washing machine to 220 volts, how to attach and start the motor?
The electric engine is often called almost the heart that is installed in household appliances. And this is not in vain, because it is thanks to the electric motor that the drum is rotated installed in the washing machine. Very many doubt whether it is possible to connect the engine from the washer to another device with their own hands?
Electric motor from a broken washer
What can be done with the washing engine
To fulfill this is quite real, even if you practically do not understand such matters. For example, you have failed the Indesite washing machine, while the engine (its power is 430 watts, and the developing speed reaches 1,1500 revolutions per minute) still in working condition, and its motorcycle resource is still in the norm. In this case, it can come in handy on the farm.
Here are a few ideas that will help you use or connect a new engine installed in the washing machine, which failed:
- An elementary option will be the creation of a sharpener. In each house, knives and scissors are periodically grinding and dulling and dulling. To do this, carefully fix the electric motor on a stable surface, attach a special stone for sharpening or a grinding circle to the shaft and include it in the network.
- A good option is the manufacture of paving slabs. You can also make cinder blocks, and if there is a private sector, then a great idea is a vibro.Resistant.
- For the inhabitants of the villages who are engaged in growing birds, you can construct a crust and a grass mill from the engine from the washing machine.
Features of the motor. The key to successful work
Today there are more than enough different options for how you can give a new life to an old motor from a washing machine if it still starts.
And all these ideas are based on the features of the motor to rotate a variety of nozzles or to ensure the movement of additional mechanisms.
You can come up with an even more original option for using the removed engine, but in order to bring your idea to life, you need to understand exactly how the engine connects from the washing machine.
By link, you can find out about the features of the inverter motor in the washing machine.
Several useful tips
When connecting the engine that remains from your old washing machine to another device, you need to keep in mind several important nuances of this process:
On the handout there are wires of various colors, which is simply necessary to deal with:
- 2 white wires. When connected, they will not be useful, as they are responsible for ensuring that the tachogenerator works normally;
- Red and brown are intended so that you can make a stator winding, as well as a rotor;
- Green and gray. For connecting to special brushes made of graphite (most often this can be said about the brush of the Indesite washing machine, in the case when they need to replace them).
Proper connection of wires is the key to the successful work of the motor
Keep in mind that different engines models can have wires of various colors, however, the principle of their connection in all cases is the same.
To detect pairs, it is necessary to make the wires in turn (those: what are designed for a tachogenerator must have a resistance from 60 to 70 Ohms).
These wires are better to glue it from others from others so as not to get confused. The remaining wires also need to be called to identify pairs.
How to replace a bearing in a washing machine, you can find out in our article.
To continue work, you need to carefully study all the nuances of the electrical connection diagram. It is mainly made in great detail and understandable even for the most distant electrical equipment from the world of a home master.
Connection or replacement of the engine of the washing machine actually occurs quite simply. First of all, it is necessary to prepare the wires that will be used for the rotor, as well as for the stator. Make a special jumper that should be limited using island. Those two wires that remain connected directly to the network.
Remember! When connecting the motor. Which remained from the old washing machine to 220, the device immediately begins to actively rotate. Therefore, before starting work, make sure that the engine stands tightly on a particular surface.
The connection diagram of the old engine to the network 220
If it is necessary to change the direction of revolutions, it will be enough that you will transfer the jumper to those contacts that remain. To turn on and off the device, you must connect special buttons to the circuit. In order to implement this, you need to use the relevant schemes that can easily be found on special sites.
Now we know how exactly you can connect the engine so that it can still be used for a long time. But how can the resulting device can improve?
For good work, you need a revolutionary control regulator
The engine of the washing machine is characterized by a rather high rotation speed, so it is advisable to make a special regulator so that the Hammer Motor operates in different speed modes without overheating. For this purpose, you can use the usual relay of light intensity, but a little modified.
It is necessary to extract a systemist from the “washing” along with the radiator. The so.Called semiconductor device (in electron management it functions as a controlled circuit breaker). Then it is necessary to solder this device in the relay chip, replacing parts with low power. If you do not know all the nuances of this procedure, it is better to ask for the help of a specialist (electronics or computer scientist).
There are times when the engine performs a new job without the help of a revolutionary control regulator.
Types of engines
Asynchronous. You can take it out only with a capacitor, which are completely different for each model of a washing machine. It is not recommended to violate the connection of such an engine with the battery if its case is sealed and formed from various metal or plastic.
Attention! The asynchronous engine is removed from the washing machine only when the capacitor is completely discharged, since this is how the current can be avoided.