Practical sewing machine tips for beginners
For those just starting to sew, negotiating with your sewing machine is the key to success. It will probably take some time and practice to get a good feel and understanding of this essential sewing helper and learn how to work it well. The tips below will help you speed up the process and avoid mistakes that beginners often make at the beginning of their sewing journey. Maybe for experienced seamstresses some of these may seem obvious, but think of yourself when you start. and you’ll realize how many little things are already taken care of by automatism, so that you do not think when you do these actions.
If you’re starting to sew, check out the most uncomplicated patterns in our e-catalogue. For example, there you will find very simple skirt patterns or very simple top patterns.
Raise the presser foot before threading the machine
Raise the presser foot before threading the upper thread into the sewing machine. This is usually done with a special lever. Raising the presser foot makes sure that the thread is correctly positioned in the machine mechanism. if you don’t, the thread won’t be threaded the way it should be, and the stitching will be poor quality.
Sewing stitches: practice for beginners
Pull both threads back before starting the stitching
This mistake is sometimes made even by advanced needlewomen. what to say about beginners. When you start stitching and insert the needle into the fabric, you need to check that both threads, upper and lower, are pulled back and spread out. If you miss this point, the consequences may not be catastrophic, of course, but rather unpleasant. Thread ends can get under the needle in the seam and create a hard to untangle and ugly knot at the beginning of the stitch on the underside of the work. The start will need to be reworked.
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Begin your stitching by lowering the needle into the fabric
This tip is a bit of a duplication of the previous one, but it should be noted separately. Only start sewing when the machine needle is lowered into the fabric. That way you will see exactly what you are going to sew on the mowing line. because the needle will stand on it. You will also be able to lift the presser foot and adjust the fabric if the needle is misplaced, so you don’t have to break up the stitching because it hasn’t even started yet. For a better view, lower the needle into the fabric first, then lower the foot.
How to start sewing and not to be disappointed: 10 practical tips for beginners
First Steps: Threading Your Sewing Machine
Do not start a stitch without first checking the length and width of the stitch
Study your sewing machine manual and test it on different materials with different parameters for different stitches. This way you can see when you need a longer stitch length and when you need a shorter stitch length. Before you finish stitching, be sure to test it on a scrap of the exact material you’re sewing with, using exactly the needle and thread you’ll be sewing the piece with.
Also in determining the right length and width of the stitch can help detailed masterclasses for beginners. they happen to include such hints. If your machine model has a sewing helper, its hints can help too.
It is also important to check what stitch length and width is set, because we can leave the old settings after some previous work and forget about it, thinking that the machine is set, for example, the standard straight stitch with a medium length stitch.
Beginner’s tips: How much fabric to buy per piece
Also check the tension of the threads
Another point worth checking and testing before making finishing stitches is the thread tension. First, try sewing on a scrap of your fabric and compare the results with the photos below. If you need to adjust the thread tension, find in your machine’s manual how to do this, and try changing the tension and making different stitches. Look at the seams above and below: you’ll know the difference and can feel exactly the right tension for that fabric, thread, and stitching.
Too much tension on the upper thread
Balanced tension: you can see that the upper and lower threads are pulled evenly, the stitch is not bent, there are no loops
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Sewing Machine Threading Rules | How to insert Thread into Sewing Machine Needle
Help yourself and the machine to sew straight
For beginners, it can sometimes be difficult to produce fairly straight and even stitches. Mowing lines on the plate can help with this: try orienting yourself to them by leading the edge of the fabric along one of them. You can also be guided by the edge of the foot. Another option: create a guide for yourself with your own hands, for example, attach a sticker sheet to the body, and sew by orienting yourself along its edge.
Lego piece on double-sided tape will also work.
Guide the material with confidence, but gently
Another thing to get used to is the feeding of the material. Do not pull the fabric backwards or forwards. Move it gently and carefully, but confidently. just help the sewing machine a little. This skill comes with practice: practice, and you’ll quickly get a feel for the best way to do it. And, of course, take care that during all manipulations with the material your fingers do not get under the needle!
Scheme: how to tuck the thread into the sewing machine Singer
Singer brand sewing machines are complex and can be amateur sewing machines or professional machines. Mostly at home we use old equipment of this brand, as new models are quite expensive.
Pay attention! All Singer models are divided into 2 categories: with one or two thread guides. Depending on the type of “route” device the algorithm of thread insertion depends on.
Instructions on how to mount the sewing yarn:
- Unplug the machine from the power supply (take your foot off the foot pedal in mechanical models).
- Raise the needle to its highest position with the side wheel. Lower the presser foot onto the sewing platform.
- Fix the bobbin on the special spool pin.
- Thread the yarn through the yarn guide Pull the material through the second yarn guide, if available.
- Be sure to lock the material in the yarn tension adjuster.
- Pull through the notch of the tension mechanism.
- Fix the material in the hook, which is located above the needle itself.
- Insert the thread into the needle.
According to the usual scheme is the insertion of the lower thread. you need to wind the bobbin yarn for sewing. An automatic winding mechanism can be used as a helper.
How to thread a sewing machine correctly
Threading the bobbin
- Plate under the needle to move away and remove the bobbin from the operating mechanism. The bobbin must be free of thread residue.
- There are pins on top of the machine body to install the bobbin. The spool is put on the extended spool pin so that the thread rotates counterclockwise
- Thread is pulled through the tension disk and wound around the bobbin in several circles.
- The bobbin is installed on a short rod and locked
- Winding is automatic (pedal or button on the body), depending on the configuration of the sewing machine
- When the bobbin winding is complete, the bobbin retracts, and the thread is neatly cut with scissors.
- The wound bobbin is inserted into the hook
Threading the hook
After preliminary winding the thread on the bobbin, it must be properly installed in the metal hook. How to tuck the hook into the sewing machine in this case? The hook mechanism is installed in the inner part of the platform, located under the needle. To do this, unwind 8-10 cm of loose thread from the bobbin and thread through the hole in the hook. The bobbin is installed in the hook, which is threaded into the hook slot. On the top of the hook is a hook to fit into the groove in the socket. After several turns of the sewing machine handwheel, the lower bobbin thread is pulled out, and then the protective plate on the platform closes.
We fill the upper thread
- Presser foot lift, needle and thread guide with the flywheel is set in the upper position.
- The bobbin is fixed on the rod
- The thread from the bobbin runs through the upper thread guide to the thread tensioner
- The thread is pulled between the elements of the tensioner and returns up to the second part of the thread guide. In this case, the thread should be pulled taut in the shape of an English letter “U”
- It is then passed through the tensioner and from there led to the eye of the needle
- The upper thread is inserted into the eye and threaded through the foot mounted under the needle. The tip of the thread is directed in the opposite direction
- The upper and lower threads are pressed with the presser foot to the work platform
How to thread a sewing machine. explains the master
The sewing machine stitch formation is based on the interlacing of the two threads of the upper and lower threads. If you look at the sewing machine, you can easily see these two threads. The upper comes from the spool and is inserted into the eye of the needle, the lower comes out of the hook and out through the hole in the needle plate. On the correctness of their charging into the machine depends not only the quality of the stitch, but in general the ability to perform machine sewing operations.
That’s why it’s so important for a beginner seamstress to initially master the skill of threading.
If you have one of the modern sewing machines, you can quickly and easily master this skill. Tuck the upper thread in them wrong almost unrealistic, because the way it is pulled through is not complicated at all. For additional clarity on the case are drawn arrows that indicate the sequence of this operation. Even putting the thread into the eye of the needle is not too difficult. For this purpose a whole device is invented yarn changer.
Another thing if you own a manual sewing machine. Here the task will be more difficult.
Let’s analyze the process step by step. The picture shows a view of a properly threaded upper thread in a manual sewing machine with an indication of the main elements.
The spool of thread 3 is put on the top bobbin rod.
Check the position of the thread take-up 1 and the needle. Their correct position is upper-most. Use the flywheel to bring them to this position.
Pull the thread to the left to the front board 5 through the top of its cutout 6.
Then thread between washers 8 and 9 of the upper thread tension regulator 7, pulling it up by both ends, enter into the loop of the thread tension spring 12.
Direct the thread upwards and pull through with the back of himself into the ear of the thread tensioner 1.
Thread is carried through the hooks of thread guides 14 and 15
The bobbin thread is wound on a special small spool. It is present in modern machines Janome, Brother, Singer, etc., and in machines Podolsk, Chaika even Soviet production. Structurally, the bobbins of different machines do not differ from each other. The only difference may be in overall dimensions.
But the design of the hook mechanism of machines is different, so the operation of threading the lower thread will be different.
Modern machines use horizontal shuttles. As the name suggests, the working plane of the hook is horizontal in the machine, so the bobbin is easy to fit into the hook and does not require additional fastening. Threading the lower thread, as well as the upper, in modern domestic sewing machines is literally one movement of the hand, following the directions of arrows.
The vertical type of sewing shuttle can be found in modern machines (most often these are higher machines and industrial sewing machines), and in domestic electromechanical sewing machines of domestic and foreign production.
Here the hook is located vertically. To fix the bobbin in the hook uses a special cap.
Bobbin with thread wound on it is inserted into the bobbin case. The thread is pulled through the slit of the cap under a special oblique plate, which holds it. Then the cap together with the bobbin is put on the hook pin. To do this, bend the lever of the cap to the stop and holding it, put the cap on the pin. The setting pin of the cap should coincide with the notch of the shuttle plate. Release the lever, you need to simultaneously press the cap to the characteristic click. The end of the lower thread hangs freely from the cap.
Once the cap has been placed in the hook, the lower thread must be pulled up. To do this, hold the left hand end of the upper thread (it is inserted into the needle), the right hand slowly rotate the flywheel. Rotate until the needle makes one complete stroke, i.e.е. it must sink into the hole of the needle plate and come back up again. On the upper thread is a loop of the lower thread, which must be pulled out.
That’s it. Both threads are threaded and you can directly start sewing. If you have carried out the operations above correctly, the stitch will be straight and of good quality. If you are not satisfied with the quality of stitching, you may need additional settings. Our sewing machine repairmen can help you solve them.
How to thread the lower thread
In order for the machine to perform its functions, it needs the lower thread, which should be wound onto the bobbin and threaded into the appropriate hole of the working table. How to tuck the bottom thread into the sewing machine? The process consists of several successive steps.
Threading the bobbin
Pull to the left and remove the additional table from the machine. Remove the shuttle plate and turn the handwheel, positioning the needle in the upper position. Pull out the bobbin by pulling the edge of the bobbin and remove the bobbin from the bobbin case.
How to Thread a Machine | Sewing Machine
Winding the yarn onto the bobbin can be accomplished by securing the bobbin with the thread to the upper pin and connecting it to the nozzle holder “crosswise” so that the edge of the thread goes back toward the flywheel. Place the bobbin on the second pin and secure the thread on it by making a few turns around the body. By pressing the foot pedal or turning the handwheel, wind the thread on the bobbin.
Make sure the thread is threaded from the inside out into the bobbin case.
Installing the bobbin
Insert the bobbin into the bobbin mechanism. Make sure the thread unwinds clockwise and put it through the hole in the bobbin case. Return the bobbin mechanism to the hook and lower the reed to its original position.
Be sure to lower the machine’s reed once the bobbin is in place. This will lock it in place.
How to correctly thread a sewing machine?
Modern sewing machines are convenient and functional. They are indispensable in everyday life: hem skirts or pants, sew a zipper with all these operations can easily cope almost any machine. However, there are many questions to ask when getting to know how the machine works. How to thread a sewing machine? One of the first questions you need to answer when starting to use. If you have a problem with the technical condition of the sewing equipment, we recommend urgent contact with the association of private masters Needle.
Basic requirements when threading
For quality sewing, the machine must be set up and prepared accordingly. Many jobs are done by hand, including threading. General guidelines for this process:
- The intended thread is wound on the bobbin, at the same time a pin is put on the bobbin of the upper thread.
- To get acquainted with the nuances of refueling, see the manual, which is usually located right on the body of the device. The upper thread is pulled through the eye of the needle, before the needle (with the foot raised) is placed in the maximum upper position.
- Checking and adjusting the thread tension in most modern devices requires only minimal user intervention thanks to the built-in tension adjusters.
- The lower thread is threaded only after the upper thread, with the drive disengaged. After turning the wheel is spun until the bobbin has enough material.
Particular attention should be paid to the installation of the bobbin. The cap is inserted into the hook, with the finger and the slit must match. A “click” indicates that it is correctly inserted and locked. The thread is led through the slide, the upper and lower parts are connected and wound behind the spatula.
Proper threading in the machine. beautiful stitching
Preparing a sewing machine for work is a responsible thing, on which depends the entire process of creating a new item. Beginners sewers and those who have purchased a new device, there are always many questions. How to wind the thread on the bobbin? How to thread a needle? How to thread a sewing machine? These and other questions can be addressed to. We help to troubleshoot any category of complexity of industrial and domestic sewing machines.
If the machine stops working at the most inopportune moment, contact our service center by phone. Our masters perform preventive maintenance, diagnostics and urgent repair of sewing machines at home. Working daily, including weekends and holidays from 7:00 to 23:00. Master call is available to residents of Moscow and Moscow region.
Proper threading the bobbin, hook and bobbin thread in the sewing machine
People increasingly prefer sewing machines and move away from hand sewing. The latter is often used by professional craftsmen only when you need to stitch dense material with an awl or thick needle. Units for sewing consist of a large number of moving parts, so you need to know how to properly care for them, so that the process of work brought maximum pleasure. One of these elements is the most important element. the bobbin. This material will tell you how to tuck the bobbin into the sewing machine and what it is all about.