How to install brackets for heating radiators

Brackets for heating radiators

The sequence of installation of a radiator of any type is the same and practically does not depend on which material the radiator is made. All differences are only what brackets are used for heating radiators.

Installation of the heating device under the window is carried out in compliance with certain dimensional restrictions: min the height above the floor is 8-12 cm, to the posterior wall 3-5 cm, to the windowsill of 6-10 cm. The specific place of placement and the necessary fasteners (assortment and quantity) are preliminarily determined.

Per radiator, depending on the length, requires a different amount of fasteners. Practice shows that even for 8-10 sectional radiator from cast iron, two upper and one lower support holders are quite enough. Lengthening the radiator to 5-7 sections (for cast iron) and 7-10 (for aluminum) automatically increases the required amount of fasteners by one upper and 1 lower.

Direct installation process

Before starting work, it is necessary to completely block the heating circuit, drain water from the system, with a qualitatively remove the remains of which the pump will help. We carefully check with the level of a vertical battery hung on the supports and horizontally.

  • From the device you need to twist all the plugs.
  • Connect the bypass equipped with a valve required only for a single.Pipe circuit. For connecting to a two.Pipe circuit, a bypass is not needed, only a drive with a valve connected to it is used to connect.

Using carriages with threads, we connect the battery to the system, to seal joints using a paclier or other sealant (if there is experience in welded business, the place of incorporation of drives and pipelines can be boiled).

It is important to note that until the end of the installation with aluminum. Bimetallic and steel devices do not need to remove the packaging shell

The installation is completed, but it will still be required to be crimped. For its implementation, it will be necessary to call plumbing. Both his experience and an apparatus, which for the sake of installing several batteries, does not make sense to be useful.

Holders for cast.Iron radiators

The most heavy batteries are cast.Iron, therefore, fasteners use the most durable and massive for them. Such a fastener should withstand not only the weight of the heating device, but also the coolant circulating in it. Since the gaps of pipes in cast.Iron batteries are significant, a lot of thermal carrier circulates in them, which increases the already rather big weight of the radiator.

For installation of cast.Iron batteries on the wall, separate pins or the same elements fixed on the bar are used. As a rule, such fasteners have a significant thickness and are marked as “enhanced”. The bracket itself can be painted or not. The standard color scheme of such holders is white, but when installing a designer battery, the bracket can be repainted into the desired shade.

In addition to special brackets, cast.Iron batteries can be hung on ordinary hooks. Such elements are sold with dowels. There is a thread on one side of such a hook.

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  • A hole is drilled in the wall in the right place;
  • The dowel is driven into it;
  • A hook is screwed into this dowel due to a threaded cut on one side.

There is also a special bracket for a floor heating radiator. Such stands can be adjusted in height or be with specified standard sizes. Floor fasteners may differ in upper arcs that are responsible for fixing the section on the rack. So, there are arcs in the form of a chain consisting of mobile links, as well as elements of steel wire. Such stands for heating radiators are included with clamping bolts.

Technology for the installation of a radiator of heating on the wall

The battery mount to the wall should be performed exactly in the center of the window opening. You need to determine the middle of the wall and indicate it. Further actions depend on the type of wiring:

  • In the case of the lower wiring (the pipes are connected from below), the horizontal arrangement of the pipes is verified, the radiator should also be strictly horizontally.
  • If the wiring is lateral, you need to draw horizontal lines that are parallel to the axes of the pipes, but lower than 1 cm below. Brackets will be located on this line.

Then it is necessary to measure the distance between the mounts on the battery and postpone them relative to the already applied lines. The upper ones are installed retreating one section along the edges, the lower is installed in the center. The distance from the wall to the heating device can be adjusted by twisting and screwing the hook.

When installing, it must be remembered that most of the weight falls on the upper fasteners. The lower is needed for fixation in a given position, it must be mounted 1-1.5 cm below the lower pipe. Otherwise, the radiator will be impossible to fix.

Varieties and methods of installing brackets for heating radiators

Radiator brackets are one of the fasteners when installing the heating system. Fasteners allow you to achieve reliable and safe installation of individual elements of equipment, and also favors the effective delivery of heat to the room.

Fasteners allow you to achieve a reliable and safe installation of the heating system

When choosing a bracket, it is necessary to take into account all the features of a particular heating system and room.

  • Structural material of pipes and batteries;
  • Dimensions of radiators and pipes;
  • Wall material in the room;
  • Overall parameters of window openings, their number and location;
  • Features of the external design of the room.
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Only a comprehensive thoughtful approach will make it possible to choose the right option for the fastener, calculate its required number, and also choose the mounting method (on the wall or on the floor).

Wall attachment of batteries

This installation option is most common and designed to attach elements of the heating system to the wall on special brackets. The fasteners are selected separately for each battery, based on this consideration: the harder the design, the thicker the bracket. Thus, the strength of the bracket should correspond to the weight of the equipment.

Cast iron batteries are distinguished by high mass and large dimensions. Such types of brackets are recommended for them:

  • Adjustable steel fasteners with which you can adjust the distance between the wall and the radiator, as well as adjust the horizontal location of the battery;
  • Cast fasteners made of cast iron;
  • Styrevo fasteners made of steel (length can reach 300 millimeters);
  • Fasteners in a strip of steel and t.D.

Close attention should be paid to the material from which the walls are built. If we are talking about a cast.Iron radiator, then standard brackets can be used. For drywall, wooden walls, as well as in the case of other materials with a porous or loose structure, you need to install brackets on the floor. In this case, the fastener support will take on the main load, and the wall mount will only act as a securement.

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The floor bracket is used for drywall and wooden walls

According to the same principles, the mounting elements for equipment on a bimetal basis are selected. Although the weight of such structures is less than that of cast.Iron, the load on the wall is also rather big. Therefore, if necessary, it is also recommended to use floor supports.

Aluminum radiators have a slight weight, so they can be installed on the walls built from any material.

For both aluminum and bimetallic batteries, such fasteners are used as:

  • Steel reinforced or angular mounts;
  • Squirrel brackets made of steel using 120-170 millimeter dowels;
  • Wall standard brackets with plastic lining.

Note! For individual models of batteries, special branded fasteners are produced.

Floor fastening of batteries

This method is much less compared to wall. The main argument in favor of this option is the need to ensure the security of the system, as well as sometimes to maintain a design idea. The advantages of floor mount are the speed of installation, the reliability of the connection, as well as the variety of batteries that can be installed in this way.

Note! When installing a heating system in a private house, it is advisable to use both floor and wall brackets, which to lower the load on the lags.

Floor brackets can be of such varieties:

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  • Fixed floor fastener (sometimes with plastic lining);
  • Adjustable floor fasteners along with the pad;
  • Universal bracket;
  • Special bracket (standard width-80-100 millimeters).

Also, some radiators are equipped with special small legs.

Battery installation recommendations

Before installing the radiator, the device must be attached to the wall and temporarily bring its plugs to the pipes by which the coolant will be delivered. At the same time, you need to observe the recommended distance to the window sill (50-100 millimeters), to the floor (60-100 millimeters), to the wall behind the radiator (50 millimeters). After the initial fitting, marking of places for fastening is carried out. Marking for floor fasteners is made in the same way.

The number of brackets used directly depends on the size and mass of the radiator. If the equipment is distinguished by high mass, to prevent tears in the lower part of the structure, it is necessary to place the brackets in two rows. In this case, in the lower row of fasteners, you can use less than at the top. For example, for a 6-sequent battery, two upper brackets and one lower.

Note! After all the mounts are marked, it is necessary to check them in level.

After marking, you can start drilling a hole for specific brackets. Then the fasteners are installed, and this place is treated with a solution of cement. As soon as the solution dries, you need to test the mount on reliability. To do this, you need to provide a load corresponding to the mass of the battery. Only after the check can the battery be installed on the brackets and attach it to the heating system.

Brackets must be tested before installing the battery

When installing fasteners on the floor, holes are drilled in the appropriate places, as well as holders on fasteners are installed. After that, the necessary equipment is installed.

Fastening of pipelines

Clamps are used for pipes, with which you can fix pipelines, both horizontally and vertically, depending on the method of installation. Such fastenings qualitatively support the pipe, clasping it in a circle.

Choosing a bracket for a new heating radiator

With independent installation or replacement of batteries, there is a need to select concomitant equipment. One of the elements of fasteners is the bracket that allows you to reliably fix the heating radiator and thereby ensure the serviceability of the entire system. The latch is a galvanized steel hook with a round or rectangular cross section, on the other end of which there is a fastener plate or thread.

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The correct choice of brackets is very important, since it is impossible to allow the equipment to once become sagging, collapses from sudden seismic activity or from a random blow.

Types and use of holders for radiators

Batteries are made of copper, aluminum, cast iron and bimetall (their inner layer. Of steel, the outer. Aluminum). They are either suspended to the wall, or rest on floor installations, it is possible to combine these options. Some fasteners can be adjusted in height, length. There are many types of brackets divided into 2 large groups:

  • Skyrene (anchor) fixed (short and long) holders for bimetallic or steel radiators;
  • Adjustable in height (a range of changes about 20 mm) with a fastener, allow you to hide installation errors, surface unevenness or hang perfectly horizontally batteries with a large number of sections (more than 6);
  • Corner. For small or light heating elements.
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There are also anti.Shuman holders, with a special coating (rubberized). Technical characteristics of this bracket for attaching radiators: material. Steel, diameter. 7 mm, withstand weight up to 82 kg. They are usually taken for bedrooms so that there is no small tapping arising in the equipment when heated.

Overview of brackets for attaching a floor radiator.

  • An independent stand with the sole is used for massive structures that are impractical to suspend, for example, near a too thin (drywall) partition or window windows;
  • Additional for batteries screwed to the wall are the most suitable brackets for cast.Iron radiators;
  • Racks with hooks that can be screwed to the floor and to the wall; It is also intended for overall equipment, but is used to distribute the load between the planes (for example, in a wooden house).

Floor holders can also be adjustable in height. There are options:

  • In the form of a stand without fixing the radiator;
  • With additional holding elements: with a chain or clamp;
  • On the sole or on the tripod, can be screwed to the floor or simply put on it.

How to choose the right bracket

The main rule when buying a latch: it must withstand the weight assigned to it. The maximum load is usually indicated in the attached instructions. The easiest way to choose a bracket for an aluminum radiator, since it weighs little and any types are suitable for it.

For very powerful batteries, take floor stands. But if the coating in the house is wooden, then it is necessary to make sure that the locks are equipped with additional fasteners to the wall. This is necessary in order to reduce the load on the boards. For light heating elements that will be in a deep niche under the window, it is better to buy a long bracket.

It is recommended for cast.Iron radiators to take holders with the ability to change the height slightly, otherwise there may be difficulties with installing. The price of an adjustable bracket is not so high to abandon the amenities of installation.

It is important that the alloy does not have toxic substances released when heated. Do not buy parts from hand, especially without appropriate accompanying documents. Please note that the easiest. Corner bracket. Is intended only for aluminum and copper radiators.

Features of fastening of heating batteries. Overview of brackets for heating radiator. Chips and installation tips.

Fastening for radiators of cast iron, steel, aluminum and bimetallic batteries

Most owners of apartments and private houses sooner or later face the need to replace heating radiators. Of course, to trust professionals, this is the best way out, but the price for their services sometimes scares. Nevertheless, the battery is not a space rocket and in the presence of initial locksmith skills, as well as the corresponding tool, it is quite possible to do this work with your own hands. Next, we will analyze the principles of choosing fasteners and the process of their installation.

What will SNiP tell

As you know, the implementation of any installation should clearly comply with the set of norms and rules, the fastening for batteries of heating radiators is no exception. Naturally, there is an instruction in the passport of each product, but in order not to subsequently make yourself problems, it will better cheat with the general rules prescribed in SNiP 3.05.01-85.

Of the main theses, it is important to know the following:

  • The central axial vertical of the window should, if possible, clearly coincide with the center of the heating device. The deviation should not exceed 20 mm.
  • According to the same standard, the horizontal size of the heating device itself should be 50. 75% of the size of the window opening. This statement is more advisory, since if you install a small battery, there will be less heat transfer, this factor will not affect the reliability of fastening.
  • The battery should not border on the floor, the minimum distance from the lower edge of the heating device to the final floor is 60 mm.
  • The gap between the wall and the radiator cannot be made less than 25 mm, optimally 30. 50 mm.
  • To raise the radiator is closer than 50 mm to the windowsill.
  • The number of supports is of great importance, in other words, how many fasteners are needed for the heating radiator. So when hanging on the wall for the unit consisting of 6. 8 sections, two of the upper and one lower point of the support is enough. With an increase in the number of sections by 5. 7 units, one mount is added from above and below.
  • Similarly act with the floor location of the batteries. For 6. 8 sections, 2 support points are used. With the addition of 5. 7 cells, the next floor stand for attaching the radiator is added.
  • No need to strive to overly increase the number of sections. So with natural water circulation in the private sector, no more than 12 cells are taken. For pressure systems operating under constant pressure, the number of sections can be increased to 24.

Tip: in order not to use precious heat to warm up the outer wall, experts recommend pasting the wall with foil, and preferably with a heat.Insulating gasket.

The foil will play the role of the reflector and redirect the flow inside the room.

Brackets for installing radiators

Several varieties of heating devices are represented on the modern market, they all differ not only in configuration, heat transfer and weight, each view is produced its own bracket of fastening the heating radiator.

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Cast iron batteries in our country to this day are very popular, but cast iron is heavy, respectively, and fasteners for cast.Iron heating radiators should have a serious margin of safety. The easiest and most often reliable option is curved in the form of the section, metal pins.

The installation here is standard, the hole is drilled along the diameter of the pin, the dowel drives into it and the mount is screwed. This option works well on the brick walls, the reinforced concrete monolith to drill to the desired depth is quite problematic.

In this case, a similar pin is used, only fixed to a small metal plate. The plate is already fixed at four points, but to a lower depth. By bearing capacity, both options are approximately similar.

Reinforced brackets for cast.Iron batteries.

In addition, fastening for cast.Iron radiators can be made in the form of an mounting bar with two reference points. This device is vertically mounted on the wall, so that the weight of the battery is evenly distributed to the upper and lower brackets. Such strips are produced both with a fixed distance between the brackets, and with adjustable points of the support.

Another common way is the floor stand for attaching a radiator from cast iron. As in the case of vertical strips, racks can be adjustable and monolithic.

In addition, there are also 2 types of battery fixation on the rack. For non.Standard products, a flexible chain of several links is used. Ordinary heating batteries are attached with a metal bracket as in the photo.

Vertical strips for cast.Iron batteries.

Tip: in order to quickly understand the abundance that modern construction catalogs offer, you should immediately pay attention to the brackets, in the labeling of which “enhanced” are indicated, this is the mount for cast.Iron radiators.

Fastening for steel heating radiators also produced several types. This is caused, first of all, by the fact that the batteries themselves are panel and tubular, naturally they are fixed in different ways.

Under the radiators of the panel type heating, special hooks are produced in the form of a metal corner. One wing of the corner is fixed with anchors to the wall, and on the second there are special hooks for hanging. The very working plate itself has ready.Made brackets, for which hooks cling.

Types of fasteners

When choosing fasteners for radiators, you need to focus on the convector model. Brackets allow you to qualitatively fix the heating element in the required place. To fasten for heating radiators, wall holders are best suited. Floor fastenings are used as additional, less often. Main. Such brackets will be needed when a niche is not suitable for installing a battery or design ideas require such an embodiment.

Wall

Convectors installed under the window do not give cold air leaking through glazing, to get into the room. Before carrying out the radiator mounting on the wall, you should make sure that the fasteners are suitable for installation and includes the following details:

  • Anchor clamps of different lengths;
  • Holders who can be adjusted in height, thereby helping to hide various surfaces defects. For example, steel fasteners with adjustment contributes to a faster installation of cast.Iron heating radiators to the wall. The mount allows you to change the position of the battery horizontally and vertical, adjust the possible gaps with the wall;
  • Holders with rubberized surfaces for better isolation of extraneous noise;
  • Corner fasteners used in the installation of small light batteries.

Hooks

For steel heating radiators, a mount in the form of a metal corner is suitable. One part of it is attached to the wall, the other is equipped with hooks to further fix the heating element. To fix cast.Iron batteries, use hooks that are supplied with dowels. As a rule, the latch is buried in the wall by about 100-150 mm.

If the installation of cast.Iron devices with a large number of sections is performed, then one hooks can not do. It is worth strengthening the design with floor mounts.

Brackets

Fastening cast iron radiators to the wall is the most time-consuming process due to their large mass. Despite this, they are well held with the help of special brackets or bent pins. High quality indicators are achieved through the use of an enhanced alloy of metal noted in the pricens as an “reinforced”. It must be taken into account that the fasteners for heating radiators to the wall requires a certain size, because sections with different depths should be equally removed from the wall at least 30 mm. Therefore, the bracket should be greater than the heating element for the length of the recommended retreat.

Floor

The installation of heating elements on the floor has a number of positive points:

  • Occurs quickly;
  • You can fix any convector, from the lightest to the most heavy;
  • The design will be more stable and reliable.

There are no special differences between wall and floor fixation. You just need to know that during installation on a wooden floor, it is still better to use an additional wall bracket.

If you use the floor mount for aluminum radiators, then the battery can be installed even next to a gas concrete wall and the materials similar to it.

Special legs for massive radiators

Radiator mounting stand is decorated in the form of a metal leg. It is made in the form of two options. Ordinary or with a mechanism that allows you to adjust the height. Dugs are made in different ways, which are designed to fix sections in the stop. Some are made in the form of a continuous steel wire, others in the form of a chain with mobile links.

The procedure for attaching batteries to the wall

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