Proper transportation of the refrigerator (in the car) in a lying and standing position. Precautions and security measures.
How to properly transport the refrigerator in the car, lying or standing, on which side to transport? What you need to know about transportation, how to prepare the unit? After what time to turn on the refrigerator after transportation?
In this article we will tell the rules for transporting refrigerators in the car. You will find out why it is better to transport equipment vertically, what to do if there is no such opportunity. We will give tips on preparing the refrigerator for moving, telling about the main problems and their solutions.
Transportation in the wrong position
The refrigerator is best transported vertically. On the side or back wall. In extreme cases. The same applies to rise and delivery to the floor. If he was brought lying down, it’s like brought in this position.
The fact is that the compressor of the refrigerator is below. There is a little compressor in his crankcase. When transporting lying down or on the side, it falls into the freon tubes. From there, the oil flows into the evaporator or capacitor. Although it should not be there. Regarding transportation methods, we recommend reading an article about the correct transportation of the refrigerator in different positions.
If you have to transport or transfer the refrigerator on your side, study the instructions. Manufacturers indicate which side it needs to be transported to. Left or right.
Using trolley for transportation
Of course, if you use the services of the company during the move, then you can not worry, because experts have special equipment for lifting equipment.
With independent transportation, it is necessary to pay attention to the cart. Such a device allows you to transport the device standing, so that the technique will not suffer when descending the stairs, elevator or movement on bumps.
Cargo carts prices
If you are going to lower the device up the stairs, then use a trolley with three wheels, and if in an elevator, then with two. In the presence of an uneven road, it is recommended to use a device with volumetric wheels.
Of course, for one.Time transportation it will be inappropriate to purchase a new cart, so you can rent it.
Inclusion after transportation
When turning on for the first time after transportation, always consider several factors:
If cargo transportation falls on the winter season, it is necessary to insulate the equipment, and before starting to operate, let time settled for at least a day. This is necessary so that the thickened oil warms up to room temperature and does not give an excess load on the engine, and the contacts dry from the resulting condensate.
The summer season is less dangerous and you can connect the device to the mains after 2-4 hours. The only thing is to avoid rainy weather and direct contact of the device with water. If this happened, the interval will increase to 6 hours.
When transporting, it is better to wait from 4-6 hours, and lying on the side-at least 16 hours, and it is better to leave it for a day. The more time you will give the refrigerant and the oil to your place, the better. Similar periods of sludge and when moving over long distances, on a complex highway.
Preparation for the transportation of the refrigerator
To prevent probable damage to refrigerator equipment, you need to plan the transportation process, pack the household appliances well and fix the unit inside the truck tightly. The best option, in the case of transportation by car, pack the refrigerator in the box in which it was purchased. When there is no such opportunity for some reason (the box was thrown out or seriously damaged), you need to wrap the unit in such materials in the indicated sequence:
- The case is wrapped in thick paper;
- After paper, it is required to wrap the unit with hard cardboard;
- When paper and cardboard are fixed with tape, additionally wrapped in a bubble film.
Transport refrigeration equipment as is, that is, without pre.Made packaging, is prohibited. When the unit is new, the manufacturer is obliged to worry about its safety and the reliability of the package before the household refrigeration equipment to the store warehouse. If it is planned to transport the refrigerator already in the use of the refrigerator, then it must be packaged after preliminary preparation. They proceed to this stage (preparatory) one day before the time of transportation and follow this algorithm of actions:
- The freezer and the refrigeration compartment are freed from the food products present in them.
- The unit is disconnected from power (from the outlet) and it must stand until a full defrosting.
- The external and internal surfaces of refrigeration equipment are carefully wiped with a neutral cleaning agent. The best option is the soap solution of room (16 25 ̊s) temperature.
- All niches, shelves, boxes and other light.Removable elements are removed from the refrigerator, packing separately from the unit in soft matter or thick paper.
- The refrigerator must have time to dry after wet cleaning inside it, so the doors are left open for a while.
The compressor is required to be fixed using transportation bolts or ropes. In a different version, due to a strong shaking in a car body, the compressor is able to move. The food wire is neatly fixed using tape to the compressor. In non.Standard models that do not pass in the doorway, the doors are removed or the door and the jamb are dismantled, increasing the space for maneuver.
Attention! The aggregate doors are also fixed with solid straps, a rope or a painting ribbon so that they do not accidentally swing over due to shaking and do not come off.
Loading begins solely after all preparatory measures are performed. To carry the refrigerator from the premises to transport and vice versa, the participation of at least two people is necessary. Lower the household appliance with all possible precautions so that the case does not hurt the steps, or walls or ceiling. It is possible to facilitate the task when using a trolley, special insurance belts or a pallet with wheels. The unit is loaded into the body so that it is not accidentally struck, but holding the refrigerator‘s doors forbidden.
How to find out the refrigerator transportation, lying on the side by the position of the Freon’s exit tube,
Freon circulates according to the cooling system as follows: from the compressor in a gaseous form, it goes to the capacitor and there becomes liquid. Along the way he gives heat. If you carefully feel the tubes against the back wall, then one of them will be hot. If you are forced to lay the refrigerator, then this tube must be directed upward.
In some devices, outgoing and incoming tubes are placed on one side. Then there is no need to look for a way out
How to transport correctly
Not knowing the features of the work of refrigeration equipment, it is difficult to assume that such a large and powerful type of equipment can be afraid of transportation. But the instructions always indicate that it can only be transported in a standing or vertical position. How true this is?
You can’t ignore warnings from instructions in any case. This is usually the reason for the failure of the equipment. If you study the design of the device a little more carefully, you can find the position in which it is allowed to transport the refrigerator on the side or tilt. But for this it is important to figure out how this unit works and why it is not recommended to lay it.
The main risk of transporting the refrigerator in a lying position is that it is not so easy to find the right position for him.
Important! If during transportation the equipment leans 40 degrees or more, the refrigerator may be left without a warranty repair.
It is not necessary to report this when contacting the service, but experts will immediately notice that the unit was tilted.
Why is the correct position important is important
All manufacturers of complex household appliances note that the refrigerator should be transported exclusively in an upright position. In practice, such transportation is not always possible, especially if you need to take a device with a height of more than 2 m. Some vehicles cannot provide such conditions, however, even in this case, the advice of masters should not be neglected.
The need to comply with the rules for transporting the refrigerator is largely explained by its internal device. The main part of any refrigeration equipment is represented by a cooling system. It is a closed contour in which there are a large number of thin tubes.
According to the location, the entire system can be divided into 2 parts:
- Internal. It includes the evaporator installed under the case;
- External is a capacitor fixed on the back wall of the device from the outside.
Freon constantly circulates in working condition in the cooling system. In this case, the process has cyclicity:
- From the evaporator, the freon in a gaseous state enters the compressor.
- Gas compresses in the compressor, after which it goes to the capacitor.
- In the process of condensation, the gaseous freon is converted into a liquid state and cooled. In this case, heat is given.
- The liquid enters the filter-dryer, and then into the evaporator.
- A decrease in the pressure of the refrigerant occurs, and it boils.
- Passing into a gaseous state, Freon absorbs the heat of internal chambers, as a result of which the space is evenly cooled.
After pumping the vapor of Freon, all stages are repeated. In this process, the compressor, which is immersed in the oil and fixed on the frame, plays the most important role.
To understand whether it is possible to transport the refrigerator in a lying position, it is important to know the structure of the device. Any (even minor) damage can lead to failure of the system. This can be a breakdown of the tube on which the freon or leakage flows. In these cases, the repair will require large financial investments.
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Is it possible to transport the refrigerator horizontally?
Why do not recommend transporting this type of equipment on the side? There is an explanation for this.
When transporting lying into the cooling system, oil can get, after which the refrigerator will not be able to work. In addition, there is a great chance to damage the cooling grille or door.
There is an option to put it at a slight angle. It is allowed to transport the refrigerator on the side with an angle of inclination not more than 40 °. That is, he will lie not evenly, but under some inclination “head” up. Naturally, to ensure such inclination, you will have to put something in the car, and clearly fix it on the sides so that during the transportation the refrigerator does not throw from side to side.
Also lay the refrigerator so that the compressor tubes look up. Otherwise, the oil can drain and get into the circulation system, while contaminating the capillary tube. It will be necessary to control the car carefully so as not to enter large holes (if possible).
This method of transportation should be considered only as an alternative for distances no more than 5 km. Otherwise, the refrigerator may get serious damage. Do not transport the unit completely lying down, especially Soviet.Type refrigerators and a device with the No Frost system.
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We decided to check for the “survival” Soviet refrigerator “Donbas” (do not repeat this). He was completely in working condition, but it was decided to hand it to the scrap metal point. During transportation, we put the refrigerator on the side horizontally, first securely fixing it in the trailer. During transportation (and we drove only 3 km), due to vibration, springs flew out that fixed the compressor in the refrigerator. After turning on, he worked for 2 minutes and the relay began to “cut off” the food. Verdict: We “killed” the refrigerator during transportation.
Of course, it is not a fact that something will happen in a lying position with a technique. But in our practice, 3 out of the 5.Transported refrigerator, then problems were observed. So it is better to hire a Gazelle (or other transport) and transport a refrigerator on it than to buy a new.
After transportation, the refrigerator needs a “rest”: you can include it in the network after 2 hours if you transported vertically, or after 8 hours, if horizontally or under the slope.