Installation and connection of the dishwasher: installation and connection of the dishwasher to the water supply and sewage
The correct work of the dishwasher depends not only on the quality of spare parts and assembly. The uninterrupted functioning and normal execution by the aggregate of the main tasks is influenced by the correct connection of the dishwasher to communications. Want to do this work yourself, but doubt that everything will work out?
We will help you in the implementation of the plan. The article describes in detail the stages of installing equipment, connecting a socket, water supply and the arrangement of a drain system. In order not to encounter an accident, leak or quick repair, you need to adhere to the recommendations of the manufacturer indicated in the instructions.
Choosing a place for a dishwasher
Choosing a place for a dishwasher
Most likely, you already know where the assistant will stand (and the device will help you correctly our instruction). But if you suddenly have not yet been decided, then you should take into account:
- If you connect a built.In dishwasher, then its dimensions should match the size of the kitchen. Often in the headset there is a separate section for the dishwasher, which will allow it to put it under the working surface, a hob or shell. Sometimes users choose a case in a locker.
- But at the same time, there should not be more than 1.5 before the sewage system, otherwise the machine pump will not last long. If this rule cannot be observed in any way, it can put a dishwasher in the bathroom?
- Also, near the place of connection of the dishwasher to the water supply, there should be outlets.
- And if you have a model that is installed directly on the table, then you do not need to equip the drain system. Just lower the hose into the sink. You will not even need a siphon, and the pump pump will operate with a lower voltage, which will extend the service life.
Dishwasher drain hose loop
When the place for installation is chosen, you can bring communications. What we’ll talk about below.
Installation of a dishwasher
Structural dishwashers can be of two types: separately standing and built.In. The former represent separate electrical devices in their own case, which can be installed in almost any place of the kitchen. The main thing is that it is convenient to bring communications to them and when they are summed up all the necessary norms were observed.
Installation and connection of a dishwasher
Built.In dishwashers are installed in the finished elements of the kitchen (cabinets and niches), to which the input points of water and electricity are pre.Brought. Such PMM can have both its own front panel with control organs, and use a decorative plate made of wood or wood.Fiber plate as the front panel. In this case, the PMM controls will be hidden; most often they are placed on the door from the end.
External desktop version of the dishwasher
Depending on the dimensions of such a dishwasher, it can be installed on the floor or on a special stand. For example, a countertop can act as a stand. Typically, PMM more than 60 cm high is installed on the floor, and 45-60 cm high-on the stand.
There are only two basic requirements with a similar method of installation:
- The dishwasher should be located on a flat surface. This is necessary, since any violation of perpendicularity in the installation of the machine is fraught not only with instability, but also by flowing out of water during operation
- The dishwasher should be located at a distance of at least 5 cm from the wall. Everything is also simple here. A smaller distance will not allow to properly dilute communications, and there may be cases when hoses with water will be praised, which will lead to blocking the access of water into the machine
Checking the correct installation is made using a level that is applied to the lid of the dishwasher. All machines are supplied with legs with adjustable height, so when aligning the machine, problems should not occur.
Machine height adjustment using a special screw
If the communications are already brought to the installation site, then there are no special problems during the installation of PPM, if they are not there, then you will have to bring electricity and water to the installation site of the device.
It should be remembered here that the length of the standard hoses, and the electricity connection cable that comes with the machine does not exceed 1.5 m. Therefore, the place of its location should be selected based on these distances. The use of additional extension cords for the supply of water and electricity is extremely undesirable.
Usually, when choosing a place to install the machine, they try to place it closer to water communications. Cold water and sewage drainage, and electricity is already summarized in any convenient way, since the installation of electricians is less time.Consuming than the installation of water supply. If in order to conduct electricity, the maximum that will have to be done is to past the wall to accommodate the wiring and install the socket for the outlet, then in the case of water, the list of measures will be significantly larger.
All built.In dishwashers (except for a very limited number of models) have not only standard dimensions, but also standard provisions of the input points of electricity and water.
The dimensions of the dishwashers are quite rigidly standardized:
- Height. Not more than 82 cm for full.Size and not more than 46 cm for small
- Width. 60 cm for full.Sized and 45 for narrow or small.Sized
- Depth. 48 or 58 cm
Before stiffen to fix PMM in niches or cabinets, they must also be leveled using the level. This is easy to do, because built.In machines are also supplied with legs with adjustable height.
When installing the machine, it should be raised as much as possible on adjustable legs so that there are no cracks between the upper cover of the car and the countertop.
An important detail for built.In PMM is a vapor protection in the form of a special metal plate. It is installed in the front of the upper part of the niche and fixed using screws to the lower part of the countertop. Thanks to the use of this device, the countertop will not swell from the steam when the door of the dishwasher is opened. Sometimes, instead of this plate, aluminum foil or adhesive tape is used, which is fixed along the part of the door of the door (on the countertop and side walls).
Installation of PMM. Nuances that are important to take into account
To correctly connect the device to communal systems, the following factors should be taken into account:
Let’s look at important points on points.
There are three types of dishwashers:
- Compact (table, portable). Do not need a stable, constant connection with the drainage. The tide is produced in the sink, next to which the device is put on, on an even, reliable surface. Water into a tank comes from a tap connected to a fence hose. After the end of the washing process, the machine can be hidden. This installation, in addition to simplicity, has obvious shortcomings:
- The unreliability of the drain into the sink: a drainage tube can jump out of the sink, the hole in the sink can clog with food waste. As a result, a flood is possible.
- Connection to the crane “paralyzes” work in the kitchen. We’ll have to wait for the dishwasher to complete the program.
- Get and hide the unit every time troublesome and inconvenient. It is better to highlight a permanent place for such a technique and connect it traditionally.
- Separately standing (stationary). Connecting to communications requires an access point to sockets, cranes and drains no more than 1.5 meters. To organize installation further from the drain, you will need an extension cord. This will create an additional load on the drain pump. That’s why 1.5 meters are the optimal length recommended by the developers.
- Built.In models are connected in the same way as stationary. Additionally, you will have to cut the holes in the kitchen headset for pipes, fasteners, screw the facade.
Place of installation
We already wrote about the permissible distance to technological points. Therefore, the placement of PMM near the sink will be logical. This will provide access to all pipes. Do not forget about a separate outlet protected from moisture with ground. If the kitchen has a lot of other powerful equipment, it is advisable to install an RCD for the prevention of overload, close.
The presence of another technique
Most often, the plum is required for dishwasher and washing rooms. In this case, drainage can be carried out to a siphon with two fittings (tee). It can be purchased at the plumbing store, in the market or online store.
Instruments for installation
Before buying plumbing trifles such as tees, adapters, pay attention to the diameter of the drain hose, material, thread step.
- Pliers, pliers, screwdriver, divorce, wrench;
- Sealant, “fumka”, island. To choose from;
- Siphon of connection of the drain (two fittings for the washing and dishwasher);
- Level (for adjusting the legs of the PMM: the norm of inclination. 2 degrees);
- Dvilniniki tubes of the drain hose (if necessary).
Stages of connecting the dishwasher:
When choosing a dishwasher, you should be guided by your desires. If you have 3 family members, the best option is a narrow dishwasher, if you have a large family, then choose a full.Size option. You also need to understand whether it will be built.In or separately standing.
Before connecting, you need to check if there are defects or production marriages on the device, whether any defects have appeared during the transportation process. If everything is in order, you can proceed to the next stage. Preparation.
Required tools: isolation tape and dilutor key, sets of screwdrivers.
Required materials: siphon (with a fitting), waterproofing tape. You will also need a tee and ball crane (brass/metal.Plastic).
We recommend buying brass or metal.Plastic details. Refuse materials from Silumin. Scatter when using.
It is important that the waterproofing tape is thin and good quality. So just wrap it in the thread, it should not be replaced by a tape of isolation. It may form a leak.
If in the set of the dishwasher the hose is short, you should buy a long. We do not recommend building the existing, this is not too reliable.
If any, let this step. And if it is not provided for a machine, then call an electrician and install it.
The next most basic stages are: connecting the dishwasher to the water supply and sewage
To the water supply
It is better to connect the dishwasher to the cold water pipeline, and it is also better to put the filter to reduce water hardness, and the equipment has served longer.
It is very important that the water is of high quality. If you do not monitor this, the device will fail, the check valve will be faulty, and subsequently the washed dishes will not have a very pleasant smell.
So that this does not happen, special filters are installed on the water.
- Block water
- Disconnect the hose from the water mixer
- Wind up the tee on the pipe, and then connect with the mixer
- Attach the ball crane in the tee (medium challenge), and attach the hose from the dishwasher to the cranes
- Install a filter that removes and delayed garbage.
Most often, washing machines are connected to the drainage hose using a siphon.
Important: it is required to install a check valve, as well as a complementary drive, they will protect the device from getting inside dirty sewer water.
To competently do this follow this instructions:
- Hose departing from the dishwasher, fasten the wall or cabinet to the surface. Its position is at least 60 cm up from the drain entrance to the sewer pipe.
- The hose that you fixed must be tilted to the position so that water flows out of the dishwasher itself. An excess is required so that water from the sink could not get into the hose from the dishwasher.
- Connect the plum circuit with a siphon under the sink.
If a siphon is already installed, and you do not want to replace it, then follow the following instructions:
- Combine the drain of the drainage pipe.
- Wrap the joint with insulating tape, be sure to tightly
- Make an overlap of the hose so that sewer water could not get into it.
Frigidare Dishwasher Not Draining Failed 2x. DIY unclogged dishwasher
Important! Before connecting the drain again, control the length of the hose.
Checking the functioning
By connecting the device to the power and the necessary communications, check if it is ready for use. Is the device tight in its place. Run the dishwasher in standard mode and at idle.
Check the absence of leaks, extraneous noise, strong vibration, whether the dishwasher changes the position, the velocity of the water bay inward and the water heating. If the machine is in order, then the detergent device is installed correctly. After the end of the work, all the furniture returns to the places, and a special closed panel is put on the machine. Verification start is usually turned on without the presence of dishes, for this a special detergent solution is used.
Dishwasher in the house: We make up the connection plan
As soon as the gadget is already acquired, the question immediately arises of how to connect the dishwasher to the water supply and sewage system so that everything works clearly, how the clock does not cause inconvenience. After all, if you do something wrong, it can lead to leaks that can ruin not only your flooring, but also the ceilings of the neighbors, therefore it is impossible to neglect this moment in any case.
The first time, bringing home a dishwasher home, you need to immediately decide how you will connect it. If there is absolutely no experience, there is no tool, and you have a very vague idea of the process, it is better to contact these professionals who will do everything quickly and reliably, give a guarantee for the lack of leaks, but will surely take a fee for their services.
Assembly plan and installation
Experts recommend not rushing, studying all the instructions that are attached to the dishwasher, consider the proposed fasteners, draw up a work plan and only then proceed to the process itself. This will help not to get confused, but to clearly fulfill all the necessary stages, one after another.
- Installation of a separate outlet for a powerful dishwasher, as well as the supply of power supply to it, preferably straight from the distribution panel.
- The correct organization of uninterrupted water supply, with the possibility of cutting off water supply.
- Installation of dirty water drain and its connection to the general sewage system.
- The test drive of connected equipment in practice and the elimination of small problems, if any.
Connection to the mains can be organized last, so many are done, but it is more advisable to start with this stage. So that when it comes to test and checks, everything was already completely ready for you and the socket was waiting for its fork. In houses equipped with electric stoves, there are often separate power branches, you can connect the unit to them, usually they withstand rather large loads.
Instructions: how to install a dishwasher
A dishwasher automatic machine is a complex installation that has eased a single housewife. The long service life of the device and the safety of its use depends on the connection of the machine correctly, whether the filter is used to clean the water. The above the advice of experienced craftsmen will help you correctly install the equipment, protecting your property and equipment itself from damage. Connect the dishwasher and enjoy the excellent result without an extra waste of your own strength and time!
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As always, after the completion of the repair in the kitchen, the question suddenly arose: where do we squeeze the dishwasher. The place was found in the opposite corner from the sink. And this means that before the plum we have 7 meters on the baseboard with one turn of 90 degrees. A dishwasher pump does not pump such a distance. A soloLift type pump has clearly excess capacity and stands like another dishwasher. Laying on the wall the pipe under the slope for draining by gravity will not work either. I’m sitting, I think what to do.
486DX2 wrote: A dishwasher pump does not pump such a distance.
“Here, for example, they write: it is desirable to install a dishwasher so that the length of its drain hose is not more than one and a half meters. It can be more than 1.5 m, but then the pumping machine will have an additional load, which sometimes leads to an early failure. If the rise with the excess of the drain hose does not fit into 1.5 meters of its length (about how the length of the drain affects the pumping machine, we wrote in the stage), then it is extended, preferably no more than 3 meters or, in extreme cases,, up to 5m.
In the instructions for the electrolyx 620 machine, it is written that the length of the extension cord of the drain hose is not more than 2 meters.
2486DX2 These numbers are given for standard flexible corrugated hoses. Take the pipeline with a lower dynamic resistance, smooth, and larger diameter, and stick the drain hose from PMM into it. Of course, it is necessary to ensure tightness, which could remain under pressure.
With this length of the pipe, larger diameter and minimum water consumption by modern machines, all dirty water will remain in the pipe after washing. It turns out either you need to additionally run the machine every time at idle, or connect the flood hose with a drain through an additional crane for regular washing?
2486DX2 And in an ordinary hose, in your opinion what remains?
Ordinary hose. One and a half, two meters. It will have water that rinsed the dishes after the main washing.
Lay 50 mm pipe to the dishwasher (conventional sewer) and put a siphon from the sink (make a water supply).
Well, damn you guys you give ! Yes, the pump on the plum only lifts water to a height of 50 cm. According to the instructions for any washing or dishwasher, it is clearly written that the drain hose should be fixed on the case to a certain height, and then goes by gravity in principle to a random distance to sewage drainage. But if the turn is 90 degrees. There can gradually accumulate fatty layers on the walls. And there is no pressure there in terms of tightness violations. Do not confuse the water supply network with sewage.
Yes, I’m afraid that I will forget. There is a distance of 7 meters and turn. And as for a gravity-so the hose will go under the kitchen, and then the water will have to be thrown into the sink of the sink-this is a rise in centimeters by 40-50. So the pressure will be. I have no doubt that you can lay pipes. I willingly believe that the pump pump pumps water into the drain. It is only interesting how much the machine will last with such a load and how quickly you have to disassemble and clean the entire system.
486DX2 wrote: Yes, I’m afraid that I will forget. There is a distance of 7 meters and turn. And as for a gravity-so the hose will go under the kitchen, and then the water will have to be thrown into the sink of the sink-this is a rise in centimeters by 40-50. So the pressure will be.
Why lift the sink into the drain? Combine the pipes at the lower level. And from the dishwasher to the combination, lead as long as possible pipes (so that there are fewer joints) observing the constant slope (2 cm per meter). Afraid of the turn by 90? Make it in the form of two under 45 or three under 30. There is also the angle under the basement of the kitchen? So there is where to turn around.
As for clogging. I think that once every 5 years as a prevention, it will not be difficult to conduct an inspection of the turn. The case is 10 minutes when using plastic pipes.
And from the car, the water is not drained, along with a detergent, which is designed to dissolve fat. Wrap the entire drain with an energy flex, the water in the pipe will cool down, so there will be less to settle.
How to choose a place for installing a dishwasher: 5 important factors
If the washing machine can be installed in the bathroom or even the corridor, then you should not do this with a dishwasher. It must be placed in the kitchen. Where dirty dishes are assembled and clean is stored.
Otherwise you have to run with plates, cups and pots throughout the apartment. Therefore, the first condition for choosing a place is the kitchen. At the same time, your technique will have to have:
- Near the wall to save the area of an already small working space;
- On the solid floor ensuring the safe placement of the case.
2 technologies for creating a stable position of the dishwasher
The first option is well suited for separate models. It completely repeats the principle of installing the washing machine in the horizon plane, when its case is set strictly by level using adjusting legs.
They must first be unfastened, then adjust the height of each leg and re.Block the possibility of moving the contrasting nut. The final position of the case is checked by the position of the bubble level on the waterpas.
The second method of adjustment is specially created for household appliances built into furniture. Here, the position of the body is adjusted only on the front side. At the same time, it is taken into account that the countertop itself is already perfectly aligned in level and is reliably mounted.
All adjustment authorities are located in front. Average groove is designed to adjust the height of the rear legs. A screwdriver is inserted into it. Her rotation is achieved by lifting the distant side to the stop in the count of the countertop.
Two front legs with contrasting nuts are regulated. They raise the case to contact with the lower level of the shelf of the countertop.
Then, through special corner adapters, the body of the dishwasher is fixed with self.Tapping screws inside the kitchen furniture compartment.
To wash the dishes, you will need to pour water from the water supply and drain it into the sewer. Therefore, the dishwasher is located closer to the kitchen sink, where these highways are already available.
A power outlet should be mounted next to the installation site so that the length of the power supply cord is enough to create a normal connection without unnecessary extension cords.
How the technology of washing dishes affects the sequence of installation work: Briefly
The dishes were washed in automatic mode, which the user sets. The automation system, powered by electricity, floods water, warms it and removes pollution, drains the waste solution into the sewer.
Connecting technical systems to the dishwasher must start with the drain line to check its reliability. Only after that you can proceed to the second stage. The supply of tap water.
Safe installation of electric circuits must be carried out after the complete completion of all work related to random straits and the formation of an unacceptable humid environment.
Source of electricity
The dishwasher works, like any household appliance from the mains. So that there are no problems with functioning, you do not have a portable dishwasher or built.In, you need an euro outlet with grounding. Do not change the complete euro.Filler for the Soviet version. For starters, this is difficult to do, because dishwashers are equipped with cast non.Vegetable models. In addition, there will be a risk that the replaced fork will create a dangerous situation.
Important! In multi.Apartment buildings, instead of grounding, a strain is practiced, which is also a qualitative protection. If it is not yet in the apartment wiring, then you need to agree with the certified electrician on the creation.
The rules for installing a socket for a dishwasher offer its placement at a level of 30 cm above the floor. Over, you cannot connect directly to the mains, for this an additional outlet is used, which is fed through an automatic machine at 16A. Only a qualified electrician has the right to conduct electricity to connect the dishwasher. All other stages of work can be done yourself.
Important! Ideal if you think over in the kitchen before repairing in the kitchen and choose a kitchen set with a professional. In this case, you can bring all the communications secretly and to the right place.