What are the legs and what do they do?
Many modern models of household machines are adapted to work with a large range of sewing feet. In addition to the standard usually includes a basic set of a few pieces of accessories. Their number varies depending on the model of the machine, its cost and manufacturer.
Some models have only 5 and others have up to 14. Special accessories can be added as needed during the operation of the machine.
This accessory can be made of different materials: metal, high quality polymer, transparent plastic, which largely depends on its purpose. Consider the types of feet, the most used by modern mistresses.
Universal foot is equipped with all sewing machines. It is designed to perform two basic stitches: straight and zigzag with the ability to change the length and width of the stitch. Most needlewomen use only this foot for all sewing applications.
Designed to perform a uniform feed of the material with a special comb, does not allow the displacement of layers on a very thin or thick fabric, including a quilt or down jacket.
The walking foot is also called overhead conveyor. Helps move the fabric in a sliding rather than sliding motion.
For skewed hemstitching
Helps create evenly spaced, oblique stitches on both sides of the selvedge in one sewing.
Snail design wraps the fabric and guides it in front of the needle. Different feet are used for different widths. If the cochlea has several slots of different sizes, it is possible to sew different widths of sutures.
The foot for sewing zippers helps to make an even seam at the same distance from the edge of the zipper without unrolling the product. Such devices can be one-sided, two-sided, narrow, for a zipper.
Also differentiated by material: metal, plastic, teflon.
Use this device to zigzag flat buttons with holes at a distance from each other, no more than the maximum stitch width for this model of machine. The design has rubberized pads so the buttons won’t slip.
Sewing is performed at slow speed with the bottom feed conveyor off. Before sewing, you need to make sure the zigzag distance is set correctly, otherwise the needle will break.
It is also called the undercutter, undercasting foot, twist fixture. Has a curling device and in one pass does the bending of the edge of the product to double and straightening of the seam without prior ironing of the bent edges. Can perform hemming of different widths.
Stretchy fabrics such as knits and stretch fabrics tend to stretch when sewn as normal. For smooth beautiful stitching requires a knitting foot, which prevents the material from hanging down and clogging between the teeth of the lower conveyor. Prevents skipped stitches and tears.
For creating pinned seams
Pinholes are created by sewing with a twin needle with a special foot. They are obtained on the product due to grooves on its sole. Available in up to 9 grooves. Depending on the model.
The height and thickness of the pleat depends on the depth of the grooves. Can be used to create pins with inlaid cords.
For stitching patchwork and embroidery on sewing machines, you can buy a fixture for quilting. Useful for darning, quilting, stitching at a certain distance and angle.
That is why they come in so many variations. For a variety of stitches, you can buy a whole set.
Designed for making soft gathers and flounces of desired size. The device has two mechanical adjustments that allow you to perform complex assemblies with rarer or more frequent folds. For creating gathers, the sole plate is raised behind the needle and has a thickening in front of the needle. It makes an assembly on one fabric in one pass and sews it to another.
For narrow hems
Has a whirl design that bends the edge in two, so you get a nice, straight stitch immediately. Use with fine and delicate fabrics, such as chiffon. Prevents crumbling edges. Can be used for processing the edges of shawls, scarves, napkins, household goods.
For parallel stitches
The foot is made from transparent plastic and is marked to allow for parallel decorative stitches. One stitch is sewn first. It is then placed between the red guides on the transparent sole and a second stitch is sewn parallel to the first one.
Not available in standard kit. The Teflon foot is designed to work with high-density fabrics. Made of special polymer that allows easy sliding when working with leather, suede, velvet, vinyl, and not catching the material. Works gently and leaves no residue. Can’t handle slippery fabrics.
Used for fine finishing stitches with evenly spaced stitches, miscutting, hemming and blindstitching. Creates standard and decorative stitches.
Use on heavy fabrics: leather, suede, corduroy. The roller does not press on the material, displacing it, and easily rolls over the uneven layers of fabric, where seams meet. The roller foot is also used for decorative stitching, not only straight stitch but also zigzag stitching.
Helps hem the bottom of the fabric with a straight basting stitch, without deforming the fabric. Several stitches are sewn onto the spike in the center of the needle hole when sewing. They come off it when the fabric is moving and form a straight overcasting stitch.
Universal presser foot installed on most domestic sewing machines. This presses the fabric against the needle plate and during sewing the lower layer is moved by the toothed rack located underneath. Upper ply of fabric is moved by interlocking with lower ply of fabric, the presser foot slightly slows down the machine.
So when using a standard foot, the upper layer of the fabric always moves slower than the lower layer. This leads to a displacement of the patterns, which is especially noticeable on heavy and super light fabrics.
How to Fit a Janome Walking Foot
Unlike the presser foot, the walking foot has a serrated top feed which “picks up” the upper fabric and moves it simultaneously with the lower layer. It allows the fabric layers to move at the same speed, and the stitching is perfectly straight, without misalignment and distortion.
Instructions for using Janome, ELNA, FAMILY, NEW HOME sewing machine foot
Use this foot to sew beads and embellish your garment quickly and accurately. Place the beads on the main fabric so that they fall through the hole in the foot. Select the zig-zag stitch to suit the size of the beading. The width of the zig-zag should not be too wide. Always tack at the beginning of the stitching.
The foot is for hems. Insert the piping into the piping guide, making sure to cut the piping at an angle before tucking it in. Then slide the edge to the presser foot over the edge guide. Lower the presser foot so that the piping is underneath. Sew a few stitches and then fold the edge of the fabric to the inside of the hem. When sewing, be sure to place the stitch at exactly 1 mm along the left edge of the hem.
Use this foot to sew sewn fabric gathers or add pile effect stitching to fabric. You can also increase or decrease the fit by adjusting the thread tension. Increase stitch length / 3.5. 4,5 /. When you perform an operation with this foot, the fabric will be flattened.
You can use this foot to beautifully decorate your garment with a cord. Depending on the thickness of the cord, you can sew one, two or three cords at a time. Tuck the cord(s) into the cord hole on the foot. Feed the fabric, lower the presser foot and sew a few tack stitches after selecting the stitch. Sew in the direction of the cord, holding it in place. Secure the cord at the end of the stitching.
The bouclé presser foot
A bouclé is created on the surface of fabric by the design of the foot. Stretchy threads will appear on the surface of the fabric as you move the presser foot across the fabric, ie.е. bouclé. The width of the zig-zag can be maximum. Length of the stitching is more frequent. Sew consecutive stitches to decorate bottoms of sleeves, sleeves, necklines and fabrics.
Overlock foot wide (C)
Designed for both cut edges and decorative trim on fabric. This foot has a tassel on the right side. During the stitching the needle thread is slightly pulled out while gripping the tassel. The machine at the same time making reciprocating motion, creating a beautiful dense decorative and finishing stitching.
The upper conveyor is wide
Suitable for fine and heavy fabrics, quilting / lining, topstitching etc.д. /. The upper harness is also called the “walking foot”. During work it does not move like a normal foot, but jumps. The interaction of upper and lower conveyor belt promotes the fabric. It is attached to the foot holder instead of the adapter. In doing so, the pin of the upper conveyor belt, located on the right side, must be over the needle clamp screw on the needle holder. When sewing products, to obtain the same distance between the stitches, a fabric guide is used. It is inserted into a hole on the overhead conveyor.
Foot for hand embroidery and stitching
Use this foot to embroider by moving the fabric by hand, as well as figure stitching and sewing.
Straight stitch foot
Select straight stitch with center needle position. Spread the fabric, making sure that the presser foot moves over the mowing line of the seam. Slide the next stitch parallel to the previous one. Using the foot is very handy when miscutting.
Edgebanding foot 2mm
Select a center needle position stitch. Cut a small piece of fabric at an angle on the side of the cut to be sewn. Tuck the cut corner of the fabric into the hem hole on the presser foot. Lower the foot and sew a few stitches, pulling both threads to the back. Use the hem of the fabric to fold over and fit into the hem hole on the presser foot. Continue sewing, evenly moving the fabric forward.
Prepare a concealed zipper 2 cm longer than the intended opening. Overcast the seam allowance. Place the edge of the buttonhole on the edge of the main fabric, facing inwards, and stitch with the universal presser foot A 1 mm on each side. Then change presser foot A for the special presser foot for a blindhem zipper. Start the next operation on the left side of the zipper from the top. Feed the teeth of the zipper through the slit in the presser foot. Sew a tack and stitch a zipper 2 cm under. Sew the other side in the same way. Then sew the seam from the bottom of the piece to the zipper and iron it out. Then press out the zipper and seam from the front side of the fabric.
Attention! Only use with flat buttons. Adjust the machine zigzag width to the distance between the button holes. Turn off the bottom feeder or install the darning plate. Place the button on the fabric, according to the markings, so that the button is fixed / temporary adhesive for Madeira fabrics is able to hold the button for the duration of the work /. Slowly lower the needle bar. so that the needle hits the left buttonhole. Aligning the button holes, stitch slowly so that the needle then hits the right button hole. For buttons with 4 holes: Move the needle to the other hole pair, and then follow the same procedure.
Satin stitch foot
Select decorative, decorative or zig-zag stitch. Stitch length should not exceed 0.5 mm. The upper thread should not be too taut. Foot for sewing fancy stitches, monograms, appliqués and can be used for quilting.
Universal zipper foot
Adjust the presser foot to the left or right side of the zipper. Lower the presser foot at the beginning of a zipper, so that the stitching is along the bend of the zipper teeth.
Automatic buttonhole foot
Attach automatic buttonhole foot. Select buttonhole option. Choose the size of the buttonhole by placing the buttonhole in the buttonhole holder. Then lower the buttonhole lever all the way down. Secure the fabric with fleece. Make a buttonhole mark and lower the needle to the beginning of sewing. Press the foot pedal. The machine will automatically sew a buttonhole.
Secure with fleece at the bottom of the fabric and sew a 4cm hemming. Sweep the seam. Sew the seam allowance 1cm from the overlocked seam allowance. Turn the seam so that the most of the fabric remains on the right side and the overstitched seam is on the wrong side. Left side. Adjust the needle position and lower it to the sewing point. When sewing, guide the presser foot with the fabric so that the crease interference is max 1-2mm /depending on fabric thickness/. NOTE! Use the foot only for thick and medium-sized fabrics.
Blindstitch presser foot
Choose straight stitching or any decorative stitch. The roller foot is perfect for working with so-called difficult fabrics: leather, nubuck, knitted fabrics, etc., Preventing sticking, creasing and creasing.
This foot is made from a special polymer for stitching materials that tend to be difficult to move with a metal foot. Vinyl, leather, nubuck, etc. It will glide over the surface of the fabric during sewing, so that all stitches can be sewn.
Janome AcuFeed Foot Options
Embroidery foot P
The foot is designed for embroidery and sewing embroidery machines. When installing the embroidery foot, the adapter on the presser foot holder must be removed. Use the large adapter screw to secure the foot well. Pick your embroidery needle and make your settings. Set presser foot pressure to number 2. Now you can begin work.
When darning, the feed dog must be turned off and the feed dog tooth position switch must be set to “B”. Embroidery, so that the cogs when working do not protrude over the needle plate and do not move the fabric. The material is moved manually the moment the darning foot and needle are lifted over the fabric. Foot with ruler, available in a set of sewing machine Chayka, Podolsk is designed to perform parallel stitches. Ruler, extended to the desired width, helps control the distance between the stitches. The edge of the ruler runs along an existing stitch, so you can sew parallel stitches without pre-marking. e.g. when quilt stitching.
How to use the feet of a domestic sewing machine
When buying a new sewing machine in a box of tools and accessories you will always find additional sewing foot. And depending on the class and cost of the machine depends on their number. The “cooler” model machine, so it has more features, and hence the special sewing foot.
Of course, sewing machines Chayka or Podolsk manual sewing machine has a limited set of legs, unlike modern sewing machines from any manufacturer such as Janome, Brother, Astralux, Pfaff, Bernina and others. It usually comes with a large number of legs that must be used.
But in most cases I hardly ever use these extra legs. Generally used regular multi-purpose foot, overlocking foot and buttonhole foot. Other kinds of pens usually stay in the box for years without use. And the reason for this is simple lack of knowledge of their purpose, lack of desire to understand how to use it and for what operation it is required.
We decided to help you with this and place a brief photo of each foot during the sewing operation. On our site there are other articles about sewing feet: Footstock for sewing machines, Footstock for a sewing machine Chaika, Podolsk, Footstock for household overlock.
Review: Janome Upper Conveyor. I really enjoy doing what I like to do.
Today I’m going to take a little time from sewing enthusiasts.
Progress has stepped up to meet us, too.Not long ago, to bring a sewing machine into action, you had to perform all operations by hand.Then gradually came the foot-operated.And nowadays the sewing process is so automated that it’s nothing but fun. And novice seamstresses almost from the first days consider themselves professionals.
In today’s world there is a huge range of sewing materials for sale. That and fabrics, and knitwear, and nonwoven materials.Each type of material requires specialized equipment.Everyone who often sews has a machine called an overlock. And someone can also boast the availability of a carpetlock.Although I was trained professionally in sewing, the presence of overlock or carpetloom can not boast of.The first few years after school, she sewed herself, making do with Podolsk sewing machine “Chaika 134”. Then I gave up sewing for a long time. And a couple of years ago, I got back into the business I once loved.
I bought a computerized sewing machine Janome.Before we had to learn a lot of information on modern equipment.
In theory, my new helper is capable of a large number of operations. But in practice I have run into such a problem, as processing knitwear.In the list of operations with which my sewing machine can cope there are several types of stitches for processing knitwear. But who tried to sew something from a knitted fabric knows that without the help of certain devices ideal stitch is not realistic.
Once again, studying more information, I decided to buy a top feeder, or as it is also called, walking foot.The more expensive Janome model has a built-in overhead conveyor.But mostly to domestic sewing machines this device is purchased additionally. Someone may be lucky and this foot will be in the kit.
My purchase looks like this.
On the package not a word in Russian. You can only help yourself on the internet.
The country. made in Taiwan.I bought the walking foot at Sewing World for 1250
So what is the difference between this foot and the usual?
On the needle plate of any sewing machine (both domestic and industrial) there is a notched rail, designed to move the material.
Toothed rack catches the bottom layer of fabric and promotes movement.But since there are no such teeth over the top layer of fabric, it shifts the layers in relation to each other. That is, the bottom layer moves at a higher speed than the top layer. You end up with a little wave on the top layer, which is called a fit.If when stitching a normal fabric, the fit is almost invisible, when processing knitwear, this disadvantage is evident.
When stitching some fabrics we can slightly pull off (hold back) the top layer, which is not allowed with knitted fabrics.For example, I always use this method when sewing in a sleeve. Just the other way around. I pull back more at the armhole and the butt ends up being tapered. The fit is obtained by adjusting the length of the sleeve oaklead.
Upper Conveyor. is the foot, which has teeth on the bottom, so that the two layers of fabric move at the same speed in relation to each other. As a result we have a beautiful flat seam without undesirable fit.
To install the top feeder to the sewing machine you need to remove the installed foot by unscrewing the bolt on the side.
Install the walking foot in place of the removed foot by tightening the bolt in its original position.
The lever should be in the up position. Lever is fixed on the needle holder.
The upper lever position locks the teeth in the lower position.
With the help of a spring there is a process of raising the lever and, accordingly, lowering the teeth.
Changing Janome Accessory Feet
Consider the processing of the knitted fabric.
But, as we know, in every barrel of honey there is a fly in the ointment.The seam is straight when overstitching the side, but the edge of the side is wavy.
Our presser foot is not able to grind.The additional presser foot pressure settings or rack and pinion settings can help. But I haven’t tried to readjust. If anyone has dealt with this problem, I would welcome your advice.I still think you need specialized equipment for sewing more complex pieces.
The top feed makes sewing thicker fabrics, jeans, etc., easier. You can stitch not two but many more layers of fabric (pie).
Here is a photo of a stretch fabric on fleece on the wrong side. That is a thick fabric.
Let’s try sewing two layers with the walking foot.The front side
Let’s try stitching four layers of this thick fabric.
The presser foot advanced the thick layer perfectly.
When processing knitted fabrics, stretch fabrics need to use special needles.
Otherwise skipped stitches will be observed.
A guide is included with the overhead conveyor.The fabric guide ensures smooth quilting.
When quilting the distance between the stitches is adjusted by moving the guide to the desired width.
Today we’ve taken a look at one of the most essential tools for sewing difficult materials.Not only thick, stretchy materials are considered difficult, but vice versa. Thin slip fabrics.
Check out this fine jersey sample. The upper stitch is made with the upper conveyor belt, the lower. universal foot.
This device is very helpful when sewing long fabrics, such as a duvet cover.Since the stitching is quite long, the fit when sewing with the universal foot is obvious here. The product comes out skewed. The upper conveyor helps to cope with this problem.
For my machine, I decided to buy a top feeder in a specialty store at a bargain price.On Ali similar devices can be purchased much cheaper. There is a large selection of sets with different legs.
Let’s summarize. Have the ability to work with complex materials, which is the purpose of the purchase.
I recommend buying the upper conveyor belt for a domestic sewing machine, because the range of fabrics and products from complex materials is quite large.The top photos are the black fleece fabric from my pants, which I shortened. Without the walking foot, I don’t think I would have made it through two pants in 10-15 minutes.
How to tuck the thread in the sewing machine
Put the bobbin with thread on the main rod. the largest in size (located at the top of the sleeve of the machine). The bobbin should be set so that the thread unwinds from it counterclockwise and comes out from behind the bobbin (when looking at it from the front.
Hook the thread to the disk tensioner (located approximately above the needle), then pull its end through the hole in the bobbin and wind a few loops of thread on the axis of the bobbin.
Set the bobbin on the small bobbin winding pin. Slide to the right this pin or move to the left the lock located next to it (if there is one). If everything is done correctly, you should hear a faint click. Then gently press the foot pedal of the machine or a special winding button (if available). As soon as enough thread has been wound, stop and remove the thread from the pin and cut it with scissors.
Tip. Before threading the sewing machine, be sure to read the instructions (a small diagram with a picture of the alternate actions can be applied to the machine).
Proceed with upper threading. Repeat the steps in step 1. Pull the thread from the spool through the thread guide (make sure it is behind the thread guide, not in front of it)!) and lowering the thread. Next, hook the thread to the thread tensioner, located on the front of the body, closer to the bottom, and lift the thread, securing it to the second threading button (can be represented in the form of a slot). We pass the thread through the threadpuller (hook or a special hole on the needle), lower it, and then hook the needle, located above the needle, and then. pierce the eye of the needle of the sewing machine. Pull out the thread tail (about 10 cm) and secure it by sliding it through the slit in the front of the foot.
The last preparatory step, after which you can start sewing on any Janome machine, is threading the lower thread. Open the cover of the hook mechanism (usually located on the platform of the sewing machine in front of the needle or on the side). Unwind the thread tail about 10 cm and thread the bobbin into the hook as shown in the diagram on the hook cover. Close the lid and proceed to bring up the lower thread. Turn the flywheel with one hand towards yourself, and the other. hold the upper thread. Turn the handwheel until the upper thread pulls the loop of the lower thread. Then gently pull out the buttonhole with your hands and bring both threads to the back (behind the presser foot).
Products brand Janome is not by chance in the top of the best sewing machines. Each of the models has a number of undeniable advantages over other units. But to most correctly identify them, we must divide the sewing machines of this company into three categories according to the type of control.
So, the advantages of Janome models with electromechanical type of control:
Mechanical sewing machines with electric drive (electronic models) have significant advantages for use in the home by beginners and professionals:
- A variety of stitches;
- automatic looping;
- easy change of presser foot;
- Many models have an auto mode, backlight, hard protective cover for storage;
- thread changer is automatic;
- fabric feeder can be turned off;
- The table has an additional work surface.
It is the computer line of sewing units “Janome” occupies the first positions in sales because of a number of its advantages:
- Performs all kinds of stitches, decorative finishes, patterns;
- the display shows all the information about the work in progress;
- The length and width of the stitching is infinitely adjustable;
- the ability to sew with a double needle;
- Compact models;
- Locking function to ensure safety;
- The presence of backlight;
- The pressure of the foot on the fabric is adjustable.
Regardless of the type of control, all sewing machines from Janome have 5 advantages:
- Quick start and high speed stitches.
- Powerful motor allows you to sew all kinds of fabrics, up to and including wool and tight jeans.
- Affordable price for the model.
- Easy operation, if you understand the settings.
- Easy to maintain.
Janome sewing machine with swinging hook
This model of sewing machine Janome has a swing type shuttle. Such a shuttle is used only Janome, but other companies sewing machine manufacturers. These machines are the entry-level price, which can be purchased from 4-5 thousand. They are quite reliable and “hardy”, but there are limits to everything, and here after it was on this machine (photo) decided to hem several jeans at once she was in our shop.
Look at the photo. The arrows indicate the hook nose and needle eye. You see, when approaching the hook nose to the needle, the eye of the needle is too high, and therefore not formed stitches. This is a very common “breakdown”. In quotes because such a failure occurs when not following the rules of operation of any sewing machine, and Janome is no exception. It’s not even a failure, but a violation of the parameters of interaction between the shuttle mechanism and the needle. It happens at the moment of excessive load. And making a finishing stitch on the hem of jeans is just the case. The toothed belt between the upper and lower shaft is “jumping through the teeth” and the machine is no longer producing stitches, even though it is still running fine. Jeans are probably the greatest “enemy” of all sewing machine manufacturers. How much they undermine the image of any of them. After all, it is often jeans and take household sewing machines out of order.
To understand why this happens, and why you can not hem jeans on domestic sewing machines count how many layers of tissue formed at the roughest place (the joint seams). From 9. up to 12 layers. Take a needle and try to pierce such an area with a hand needle, unlikely to succeed. Only if the needle is hammered.