Threading the Janome sewing machine
1.Upper thread is incorrectly threaded.2.Upper thread is too tight.3.Bent or blunted needle.4.Incorrectly installed needle.5.Before sewing, both threads were not pulled back and under
6.The fabric has not been pulled back when sewing is complete.7.Thread and needle numbers do not match.
1.The bobbin thread is incorrectly threaded in the bobbin holder.2.The bobbin case is clogged.3.The bobbin is damaged, it is difficult to turn it.4.The thread is loosely wound on the bobbin.
1.The needle is not installed correctly.2.Bent or blunted needle.3.Needle bar screw is loose.4.The wrong foot is installed.
5.The fabric has not been pulled back after finishing sewing.6.Needle is too thin for the fabric being worked on.
1.Low needle thread tension.2.The thread is not the right size for the needle.
1.The needle is not inserted correctly.2.Needle is dull or bent.3.The needle and/or thread are not appropriate for the fabric being sewn.4.Do not use a needle with a blue tip when
1 The needle thread tension is not correct for fine fabrics, synthetic fabrics, and stretch fabrics.
5.The needle thread is incorrectly threaded.6.Poor quality needle is being used.
1.The needle thread tension is too high.2.The needle thread is incorrectly threaded.3.Needle is too thick for the fabric.4.Length of the stitches is too long.When sewing very thin fabrics, place underneath the bottom
1.Dirt has accumulated in the fabric guide.2.The stitches are too short.
3.Fabric conveyor not connected.4.Foot pressure on fabric is not adjusted.
1.Machine not plugged in.2.Thread stuck in the bobbin compartment.3.Handwheel disengaged for bobbin winding.
1.The density of the buttonhole stitches is not appropriate for
2.Cushioning material was not used on the fabrics
1.Thread is caught in the hook mechanism.2.Dirt has accumulated in the fabric feeder.
1.The foot pressure on the fabric is set incorrectly.
Page 10Page 17Page 8Page 8
Page 11Page 40Change the bobbinReplace the thread on the bobbin
Page 8Page 8Set the correct footPage 18Page 8
Page 17Page 11Page 8Make your stitches shorter.
Page 40Make your stitches longerPage 6Page 6
Removable table3Standard accessories3Power connection.4Sew speed control4Change presser foot.5Darn plate5Reverse button.6Needle change.6Needle to thread ratio chart.6Setting bobbins7Replacing bobbin cap7Winding bobbin8 Threading bobbin thread.9Tap the upper thread9Tap the lower thread.10Regulating the tension of the upper thread.10Zigzag thread tension.10Changing the bobbin thread tension.11Stitch selection knob.11Stitch length adjustment11Stitch selection.11
SECTION lll. BASIC SEWING TECHNIQUES
Straight stitch12Changing sewing direction12Zigzag13Stitch straight on heavy fabrics.13Tips and Tips for Sewing.14Knit stitch14Bespoke stitch.15
Sewing buttonholes.16 17Create buttonholes by hand18 19Stretch stitches20Assemblages.20 Shell stitch21Curling stitch.21Zipper sewing22Monograms23Applique23Cross stitch24Stitching and embroidery.25
Backlighting26Reassembly and assembly of the shuttle26Cleaning the feed dog27Grease the machine27Troubleshooting.28
MAIN PARTS Part Names.
Removable Table. 3Standard accessories. 3Accessory storage box. 3Power connection. 4Sewing speed control. 4Lighting. 4Presser foot lift lever. 5Replace the presser foot. 5Needle change. 6Check needle quality. 6Table of needle and thread ratios. 6Setting bobbin rods. 7Bobbin Cover Replacement. 7Bobbin winding. 8Bottom threading. 8Top Threading. 9Needle stitch. 10Pulling out the bobbin thread. 10Regulation of needle thread tension. 11Stitch pattern selection knob. 12Stitch length adjustment. 12Sew width adjustment. 12Reverse button. 13Turn off the fabric conveyor. 13
Straight Stitch. 14Changing the sewing direction. 14Cutting lines. 15A variety of needle positions. 15Zigzag. 16
Overlock stitch. 16Tricot stitch. 17Knit stitching. 17Stretch straight stitch. 18Button sewing. 19Making buttonholes. 20Sewing density adjustment. 20Sewing a zipper. 21Blindstitch. 22Rolling stitch. 23
Clamshell stitch. 24Samples of stretch stitches. 24Assemblances. 25Stitch box. 25Applique. 26Mirroring. 26
Assembling the hook mechanism. 27Cleaning the Fabric Conveyor. 27Lubrication of the machine. 28Lubricating the compartment behind the front panel. 28Lubricating the hook area. 28Troubleshooting. 29
How to thread a sewing machine. master explains
Sewing machine stitch formation is based on intertwining the two threads of the upper and lower. If you look at the sewing machine, you can easily see these two threads. The upper thread comes from the spool and is inserted into the eye of the needle, the lower thread comes out of the hook and out through the hole in the needle plate. Not only the quality of the stitching, but the sewing machine’s ability to perform sewing operations in general depends on how well they are threaded into the machine.
That’s why it’s so important for a beginner seamstress to initially learn how to thread.
If you have one of the modern sewing machines, then you can quickly and easily master this skill. Zakadat top thread in them wrong almost unreal, because the way it pulls through quite simple. For added clarity on the body are drawn arrows indicating the sequence of this operation. Even threading the thread through the eye of the needle is not too difficult. For this purpose, invented a whole device thread changer.
Another thing if you own a manual sewing machine. Here the task will be more difficult.
Let’s analyze the process step by step. The diagram shows a view of a correctly threaded upper thread in a manual sewing machine with the main elements indicated.
The spool of thread 3 is put on the upper spool rod.
Check the position of the threadpuller 1 and the needle. Their correct position is upper-most. Using the flywheel we bring them to this position.
The thread is pulled to the left to the front board 5 through its upper cutout 6.
How to Thread a Janome Sewing Machine
Then thread is inserted between washers 8 and 9 of the tension regulator of the upper thread 7, pulling it at both ends upwards, lead into the loop of thread tension spring 12.
Guide the thread upwards and pull it from the back toward you through the eye of the thread take-up 1.
Thread through the hooks of thread guides 14 and 15
Lower thread is wound on a special small bobbin bobbin. It is also present in modern machines Janome, Brother, Singer, etc., and machines Podolsk, Chaika even Soviet production. Design bobbins of different machines do not differ from each other. The only difference may be only in dimensions.
But the design of the hook mechanism in machines is different, so the operation of threading the bobbin thread will be different.
Modern machines use horizontal shuttles. As the name suggests, the working plane of the hook is located in the machine horizontally, so the bobbin is easy to fit into the hook and does not require additional fastening. Filling the lower thread, as well as the upper, in modern domestic sewing machines is literally one movement of the hand, following the directions of the arrows.
The vertical type of sewing shuttle can be found in modern machines (most often in higher-end machines and industrial sewing machines), as well as in domestic electromechanical sewing machines of domestic and foreign production.
Here the hook is vertical. A special cap is used to secure the bobbin in the hook.
The bobbin with the thread wound on it is inserted into the bobbin case. The thread is pulled through a slot in the cap under a special oblique plate, which holds it. Then the cap is put on the hook pin together with the bobbin. To do this, bend the lever of the cap to the stop and holding it, put the cap on the pin. The hook pin of the cap should align with the notch in the hook plate. Release the lever and at the same time press the cap until it clicks. The end of the bobbin thread hangs freely from the cap.
Once the cap has been placed in the hook, you must pull the lower thread upwards. To do this, hold the end of the upper thread (it is inserted into the needle) with your left hand and slowly rotate the flywheel with your right hand. Rotate until the needle makes one full stroke, t.е. it should drop down into the hole in the needle plate and come back up again. On the upper thread will be a loop of the lower thread, which must be pulled out.
There you go. Both threads are threaded and you can start sewing. If the operations described above are performed correctly, the stitch will be straight and of good quality. If you are still not satisfied with the quality of the stitching, you may need additional settings. To cope with them you will help our masters to repair sewing machines.
Make sure there are no threads in the machine that you don’t need right now. If they are present, they are easy to pull out.
Check the tension of the upper thread tensioner. It should be functional and in working order, and all parts should be in place. If there is lint from previous threads, use the brush to clean the tensioner. Take out and inspect the shuttle, bobbin and bobbin cap for nicks.
Remember the last time you lubricated the mechanism. If it was a long time ago, for example, has passed more than six months. disassemble the machine, check the condition of the mechanisms.
Clean them if necessary. Use industrial or motor oil to lubricate moving parts. Assemble the machine, plug it in and run it idle for one minute.
Make sure that all mechanisms work smoothly and accurately during the test run. There should be no slowing down when you are not expecting it, and no movement of the mechanisms with noticeable force.
Reinstall the hook, insert a needle that matches the thickness of the upper thread with which you intend to sew fabrics of a particular thickness and texture. Domestic sewing machines use needles with the bulb cut along one side.
Design of an electromechanical sewing machine
Although the model sewing machines with electromechanical control may differ in terms of features, design, and other parameters, in general, they all have the same “stuffing”:
- The arm is a hollow part, inside which is located the main shaft of the device, which drives the mechanisms that perform the stitches.
- Sleeve platform. the area of the machine, where the fabric is placed during the sewing process.
- Flywheel. the main working element, designed for manual scrolling. Handwheel is responsible for movement of the machine, starting and stopping the stroke, winding the thread on the bobbin, the beginning of a line, setting the needle to the upper position, etc. д.
- The bobbin is a movable hook that is involved in weaving the threads on the bobbins.
- Bobbins. special spools designed to wind the thread.
- Foot is an important part that fixes the fabric and prevents the fabric from slipping while sewing on the sewing machine.
- Thread guides. small hook-shaped “ears”, which are attached to the thread at the stage of threading.
- The toothed rack is part of the material feed mechanism, which gently hooks and pushes the fabric under the needle (for an even stitch).
- Useful at!Stitch. the smallest part of the seam (stitch), in fact, it is the distance between the 2 piercing the needle. Quilting stitch. one that is formed by intertwining the upper and lower threads.
How to tuck a hook into a sewing machine
Before working on the sewing machine need to properly tuck in the upper and lower threads, as well as adjust their tension. It is important to determine the stitch pitch and stitch type. Without tucking the hook also nowhere.
Take the common vertical hook as an example. It is used on large factory machines and inexpensive home machines. Instructions are as follows:
- Wind the thread on the bobbin. To do this, it is carried through a special mechanism and attached to the bobbin. It remains to make a couple of manual winding cycles and switch the machine to automatic winding.
- When there is enough thread, the process is stopped and the bobbin is inserted into the bobbin case so that the thread runs clockwise in it.
- Pull the thread through the hole in the cap and pass it under the leaf spring. In the end, it should extend about 10 centimeters into the ear.
- If necessary, increase or decrease thread tension by tightening the special screw on the cap.
- Insert the hook into the vertical hook with the tail up to make sure it fits well into the grooves.
- Turn the handwheel until the upper thread catches the hook thread.
- Pull both threads to the foot of the machine.
Important! The thread tension needs to be adjusted most carefully. There should be no situations where the thread is loose or too tight. In the first case, it will result in crooked stitching, and in the second case, it will result in thread breakage.
Installing the spool of thread Place the spool of thread on the spool pin.
Place the spool of thread on the spool pin. The thread should come off as shown in the picture.
A: Put a large coil on a large
Q: For a small bobbin use a small
Extra spool rod
Extra spool pin for extra spool and bobbin winding. Install the additional spool rod in the hole.Slide the felt pad and spool onto the spool pin.
Push the hook plate release button to the right and remove the hook plate.
All varieties of Janome brand sewing equipment are assembled in the company’s industrial workshops located in Taiwan or Thailand. In the market of such equipment household and professional line manufacturer is on special account.
The main characteristic inherent in Janome sewing machines is their reliability, as well as a reasonable cost in comparison with similar devices offered by competitors on the market.
The variety of models allows you to buy a machine based on the individual needs of each craftsman.
Among the features that distinguish the brand products on the market, it is worth noting the following.
- Weight. Sewing equipment is notable for its low weight. Reliable machines with a predominance of metal components are distinguished by a small weight, which allows them to create a minimum of vibration in the process of working with the material.
- Control. In the range of sewing equipment are devices with different types of sewing control. Today the brand offers customers electromechanical, electronic and computerized units. As a rule, the more simple in terms of internal device machines are recommended for home use, as for models with computer control, they are in demand in the professional sphere. The common factor for all varieties is the high quality of the cut. Sophisticated machines perform the work many times faster.
- Functionality. Janome sewing machine models can perform a simple range of tasks or perform complex work, some varieties are implemented with the ability to sew with an overlock. The number of functions included directly affects the cost of sewing machines.
- Accessories. As a rule, devices of this brand are sold together with a set of bobbins, needles, feet and other important components. Depending on the available functions in the device, there may be more components.
- Type of shuttle mechanism. The manufacturer today sells models with vertical and horizontal shuttles. The first option stands out for its quiet operation. As a rule, this variant of the device is most often found in simple sewing machines, recommended for home use.
- Cost. The brand offers products in a wide price range.
This feature allows you to pick up the machine to suit individual needs, taking into account the capabilities of each consumer.