What does it mean and on the washing machine

Signs and symbols on the washing machine: Ardo, VEKO, Indesit, Electrolux, Ariston

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In our progressive times a lot of machines are built with the expectation that even beginners will be able to cope with the operation freely. The system, understandable on an intuitive level, suggests that even every granny will be able to deal with a new acquisition.

Unfortunately, sometimes in practice it turns out that not every family can understand the symbols on the new helper.

Gentle washing on different machine brands

One way or another, the delicate washing label is on different brands of washing machines.

But let’s take it one step at a time. Here are some examples.


The washing machines of this brand have two very similar washing modes:

Washing for delicate fabrics lasts half an hour longer and washes your clothes very gently and gently in a large volume of water.

The manual mode of washing is faster, but things are also washed very carefully.

Practically in these two programs Accent is not made for mechanical action, but for soaking. In the photo you can see the designations with which these programs were marked on the control panel.

Models produced under this brand, as well as washing machines manufacturer Ariston, have two signs of delicate washing on the control panel.

Mode of operation of the machine Ardo the same as in the machine Ariston, so it seems that they were made by the same experts.


The washing machines of this brand have a badge that stands for a woman’s summer dress. What does this picture on the control panel mean??

It turns out that this is the very delicate washing, and this mode is used not only when we need a machine analog of hand washing, but also when we need to wash things from light (delicate) fabrics such as satin, mixed fabrics or silk.

Nowadays, the modern machines from Bosch have the sign of manual washing. But on these washing machines all signs are signed, and there is no need to guess.


There are as many as three programs on Electrolux washing machines, which are similar in the execution of the delicate washing mode. Which means there will be three icons, too.

In the picture you can see three washing modes:

The only difference in these programs is the time it takes to wash. The longest and gentlest mode is for delicate fabrics. followed by light items, and finally, hand washing is the fastest of all the programs.


The washing machines of this brand have as many as four programs, similar to the delicate washing program.

Two types of hand wash (at 30 degrees and in cold water).

And two more varieties of delicate washing (at 40 and 30 degrees).

A unique choice of programs helps to give the washing machine a very precise setting for washing particular items. At the same time you can be sure that they will not spoil.

How to choose a washing machine: we help you decide on the criteria

Choice of washing machine for home relatively simple task (compared to many other types of household and computer equipment), but there are nuances. Therefore, it is best to determine the basic criteria in advance, which will minimize the number of specific models, among which you will need to make the final choice. Let’s list these parameters and see what they affect.

Type and size of the washing machine

The easiest and most obvious parameter is the size of your future washing machine and the type of loading (front or vertical).

You should also decide whether you need a built-in or freestanding machine. Built-in washing machines are usually installed in the kitchen. I must say that built-in machines are not very popular in Russia. A more common option with a freestanding washing machine, which is installed in the bathroom (in small apartments are often installed machines of reduced size under the sink).

Most washing machines have a height of 81-85 cm. Compact models, which are installed under the sink, the height does not exceed 65-70 cm. Built-in machines are equipped with feet that allow you to change the height so that the machine fits the height of the kitchen set. We should add that if you prefer a model with a vertical load, then to the height of the machine will need to add a few tens of centimeters for the opening lid. The same is true for a horizontally loaded model: It is better to check beforehand how easy it will be to open the door in daily use.

Please note that vertical loading models have two big advantages. The first is universal: they allow you to add the laundry after starting the program without canceling it (who in half a minute after pressing the Start button has never found the accidentally forgotten outside T-shirt?). The second feature is great for the elderly, because you can load and unload without bending over or squatting. If you are planning to buy a washing machine for an elderly person, a vertical load can safely be put in the list of the most important priorities. But there is no such a thing as a built-in version of a vertical washer (because you would need a special elevating countertop), and it cannot be used as an additional shelf in the bathroom.

However, in fairness it is worth noting that washing machines with front loading, allowing you to add something in the tank during the washing process, though there are. They recently began to produce a company Samsung, in their terminology is called the AddWash function. It is implemented quite simply.

The depth of the washing machine depends on the maximum amount of laundry that can be loaded into it. In the case of lack of space can be limited to a small machine with a depth of 30-40 centimeters, which will wash from 3 to 5 pounds of laundry is quite enough for one or two people. Machines with a depth of up to 50 centimetres allow you to wash up to 6-7 kg of laundry at a time. Increasing the depth to 60 centimeters will increase the maximum volume of laundry to 8-10 kg, which is best for a large family.

The narrow Gorenje W 65Z03/S washing machine is a rare example of non-standard design

The more popular front-loading machines will require about 50 centimeters of free space in front of the machine in order to fully open the loader hatch. By the way: one of the modern trends, which can only be welcomed, is to make the loading hatches of front-loading washing machines as large in diameter as possible. It really simplifies and facilitates considerably the process of loading the laundry.

Activator machines

It should be noted that in addition to traditional drum-type washing machines, there are also activator-type machines. In the activator-type machine, the laundry is loaded from above into a stationary tank, and the mixing of the tank contents is due to the work of the rotating shaft activator with paddles. It must be said that such machines are not very common. Primarily due to the fact that most of them are not connected to the water supply and will require the user to pour and drain water manually (using a special hose). If spinning is present in such machines, it is usually in the form of a separate drum-centrifuge. Models in which washing and wringing are done in the same tank are not very common. But such machines can be used wherever there is no running water. For example, in the country house.

Washing agents

The most common scheme in which the washing machine is equipped with a drawer with three compartments: the detergent for prewash, detergent for the main wash and rinse aid. The first two compartments again traditionally and in the vast majority of cases involve the use of powder detergent, rinse aid, on the contrary, is assumed liquid.

This scheme suits almost everyone, except for those who use gel, but do not want to completely abandon the pre-wash: in all other cases, the gel can be poured directly into the drum, but after the pre-wash, the drain will be made, and the main will simply go without detergent. In this case, you should look for a model in which the drawer is equipped with an additional partition that prevents the gel from pouring out: this partition is removed when using the powder and installed if you use gel.

There are washing machines with automatic supply of detergent: in special containers in the machine is poured washing gel and conditioner-rinsing agent, and then you can simply load the laundry and select the washing program, the machine will add the required amount of money at appropriate stages itself. The main thing is not to forget to refill the tanks in time: in some models, control over their availability is fully transferred to the user.

Inverter motor

Not so long ago in the market appeared washing machines with inverter motor, the design of which does not imply the use of brushes, and hence, such a motor will be characterized by reduced wear. The key feature of such a motor is the presence of a frequency converter, which changes the speed and frequency of drum speed, converting the current from DC to AC. This allows more precise control over the operation of the mechanism.

Compared to traditional motors, inverter motors are virtually silent, and their efficiency is higher by an average of 20%. Inverter machines can spin the laundry at high speed.

Despite the above, we can not say for sure that buying a washing machine with inverter motor is definitely a rational decision in terms of value for money. The price of such engines is high, and the high cost of repair in case it fails.

The quality of washing and spinning

The next point that usually interests a person selecting a washing machine is the quality of washing and spinning the laundry. On the first parameter depends how clean your laundry will be after washing. From the second how dry it will be.

Washing class is a rather complicated parameter to understand, invented over 20 years ago and calculated based on washing reference soiled laundry in various machines. Today this parameter is practically meaningless: almost all modern washing machines have class A or higher (A, A, A), and you can hardly tell the difference between these classes with the naked eye.

But the spin class is quite understandable and adequate characteristic, by which you can understand how dry (or vice versa how wet) will be the laundry that you get out of the washer.

  • A (less than 45% humidity)
  • B (45%54% humidity)
  • C (54%63% humidity)
  • D (63%72% humidity)
  • E (72%81% humidity)
  • F (81%90% humidity)
  • G (over 90% humidity)

However, models in the range from A to E are widely available on the market, and therefore this parameter is very important when choosing.

Hoover Dynamic Next with spin speed up to 1500 rpm

Spin quality can also be determined by the maximum spin speed available. For most home washing machines, it is usually in the range of 800 to 1200 rpm. For most domestic applications, 1000 rpm is sufficient, and higher values usually mean that the machine will be used for heavy loads (e.g. more laundry for a large family).

Energy class and water consumption

Since we are talking about different classes, it is worth mentioning the energy class. The scale here is exactly the same from A to G. Calculations are made for washing 1 kilogram of cotton clothes at a water temperature of 60 C.

Class A models, which used to be the most economical, use less than 0.19 kW·kWh/kg. Class A corresponds to a flow rate of less than 0.17 kWh/kg·kWh/kg, A less than 0.15 kW·The load will be higher, for example, if you intend to wash a lot of laundry for a large family·hr/kg. In addition, the standard water consumption per wash is indicated for each machine. On average, this parameter is from 36 to 60 liters, although you can meet and models that require more than 100 liters. It is clear that if you have a water meter, this water consumption can significantly affect the value of the monthly bill.


The laundry drying function is quite a useful feature, allowing you to use freshly washed laundry immediately after the machine is finished (of course, it will still have to be ironed). And besides, the clothes don’t need to be hung up, which saves a lot of extra space in the apartment. If you decide to opt for a washing machine with drying function, it is worth checking a few nuances.

Firstly, it is the number of drying programs. Different fabrics can be dried in different ways, so it’s best if your machine is versatile in drying synthetics, cottons, wool, etc. п.

Second, you have to remember that the maximum amount of laundry the machine can dry will be about half as much as the maximum amount of laundry it can wash.

Thirdly, note that simple models simply dry the laundry for a certain amount of time, while more advanced models measure the humidity in the tank, thus allowing you not only save energy, but also, for example, get a slightly damp laundry, which is best for ironing.

Noise level

Noise level is a simple and straightforward parameter that can help you determine whether your appliance is suited for installation in close proximity to, say, a bedroom or in a kitchen/living room combination. For most standard situations, a machine with a noise level of 55 dB or less will do just fine.


Almost all modern washing machines (except for drum washers) are controlled electronically. However, the control panel’s appearance and general ease of operation can vary greatly. Some have a special display to indicate the program stage the machine is in at that moment. It can also display prompts and error codes in case something goes wrong.

Washing Machine Cycles Explained

In activator machines, you can still find a mechanical control system, in which the user sets all the necessary parameters manually with the help of knobs and buttons.

The presence of additional programs

Depending on the needs of the various users, some special programs and additional features may be important. Let’s mention the most important ones. The name of many of them speaks for itself:

  • Bio-phase water preheating up to 40 C for 10-15 minutes, which gives action to the additives that attack organic dirt
  • Quick wash
  • Extra rinse
  • Foam level control. emptying the water and then removing the foam at the end of a certain cycle
  • Delayed start
  • Night mode. a special mode in which the machine does not go to the noisy modes (eg, does not spin the laundry at the end of the wash)
  • Prewash or soak time
  • Special programs for outerwear, delicates, children’s clothes, jeans, feather down, mixed fabrics, sports shoes, sports clothes, black, silk, wool, etc. п.

All these features make sense only if you really intend to use at least some of them. From our point of view, the minimum-necessary set of programs looks as follows:

  • prewash with prewash
  • normal washing
  • synthetics
  • gentle washing (gentle, hand washing)
  • quick wash
  • possibility to turn off the spin

Combined with manual temperature control, you have 99% confidence that this is enough for all occasions and is available in almost all modern washing machines.

Fuzzy Logic

After talking about programs, it’s time to mention such a fashionable combination as Fuzzy Logic or intelligent washing control. A washing machine with this feature has a set of sensors that monitor the weight of laundry, the degree of soiling, water hardness, etc. п.

Based on the data received from these sensors, the central processor automatically determines the required washing time, the amount of water and the suitable mode.

So, for example, an optical sensor will determine the degree of pollution of laundry by the transparency of water, and the rate of water contamination by microparticles will determine the nature of dirt.

It is clear that such machines will cost significantly more, and some users may even be discouraged by such interference of technology in a familiar area. But surprises are possible. if you have decided that your washing will be ready in an hour, for example, and the machine estimates that it will take at least two hours to finish. However, judging by the reviews of the users, most of them tend to trust the automation and evaluate such an innovation positively. After all, the automation will avoid overspending the detergent and avoid situations where the machine wastes time on additional washing of already clean laundry.

Leak protection

Finally, last but not least for many is the leakage protection. After all, the washing machine daily interacts with water, and therefore, if any part fails, there could be a flood. The most vulnerable places in this case are the water supply and drain hoses, as well as the body of the machine itself.

The body of the machine is traditionally protected by a drip tray and a float: in case of water in the drip tray, the float rises and shuts down the system. The hoses are protected by enclosed double hoses and solenoid valves. In the event that water enters the external hose, the protection system is triggered and the water supply is stopped. By the way, such a hose can be installed separately they are suitable for almost all washing machines. The full protection allows you not to worry about potential accidents, and you can easily start the washing, even if you are not at home (with a delayed start).

In fact, almost any modern washing machine is 99% likely to get the job done. The most important selection criteria are therefore purely geometrical parameters: can it fit in the room you have planned for it. All other options, not so essential. One of the most important is capacity: how much laundry the machine can wash at once. Obviously, this number should not strain you that is, the amount of washed laundry should be more than used to provide the necessary reserve: at least one set should remain clean at all times.

What is the best washing class in washing machines?

When buying appliances, the consumer pays attention to the washing class of washing machines: the best models should not only wash well, but also spin the laundry. You should choose a machine that doesn’t use much energy.

Energy Class of your washing machine: What it is? What it depends on?

In the house of a modern person there are various electrical appliances: refrigerator, hair dryer, iron, washing machine, consuming a huge amount of electricity. We have special requirements for washing machines. They have to wash our clothes perfectly, look good to decorate the bathroom and, most importantly, consume the minimum amount of electrical energy.

Manufacturers give information on power consumption in the equipment data sheet and on a sticker on the back of the washing machine.

Energy Saving Scale Criteria and Guidelines

Of course, what is the difference in power consumption between different models of “automatic” is clear, but undoubtedly going to buy a new household appliance to make your life easier you will be faced with letters from A to G, or rather to D maximum.

Energy efficiency programs are so advanced these days that not only D, but even Class A is becoming less popular.

The thing is, the power consumption class A is now divided into 3 more categories, which have a much higher efficiency. These are all the same A grades, only with gradations in the form of “pluses,” viz: “”, “”, “”.

What the choice of machine class affects

The choice of household item actualizes in a person the nature of seriousness. When the question of purchase is related to financial ability, the direction of the impact of the choice made is important. It affects the following indicators.

  • The quality of the laundry that has gone through the washing and spinning process. Drum speed and fabric density play a huge role. At low speeds, stains may not get out. If too high, the laundry can be torn.
  • The amount of electricity consumed. Low grade, as opposed to high, is too energy consuming.
  • Time consumed for washing.
  • The amount of laundry washed in one go.
  • Financial cost-effectiveness.

Washing machine power

What power the washing machine has?

In addition to creating thermal energy and rotational energy, some watts are consumed by the control unit and information support of the machine.

A simple sum of the loads for each of the consumers will tell you the installed capacity of the washing machine: its value will be the maximum, but does not reflect the true power consumption.

The point is that the drives in the machine work simultaneously: first the heating element turns on, after disconnecting it the drum rotation motor starts, and at the end of the cycle the drain pump is inserted.

You can determine how many kilowatts of electricity your machine will consume by the technical characteristics. They are found on the label on the cabinet or in the manual passport.

You can also find out the power by the letter marking of the washing machine of a particular model. It is indicated on the DIRECTIVE 2009/125/EC energy efficiency label.

    To get an idea of the total electricity consumption of the washing machine, it is necessary to see the values for each current collector. In total there are four such devices in the machine:

Thus, the maximum value. the installed power of the washing machine. can reach 3.7-4.0 kW. Whereas the average (cycle-distributed) is between 1.0-1.4 kW.

How many kilowatts does the washing machine consume

From the above it is clear that the main power consumption depends on the work of the heating element and the electric motor. They in turn will consume the amount of energy corresponding to the choice of washing program.

Programmed modes differ from each other by temperature, washing duration, intensity, number of drum revolutions during washing and spinning, additional options (number of rinses, etc.). п.).

Influences the power requirement and the weight of the items and fabric types loaded.

Causes of code H1, H1, H2, H2

The main reasons for the appearance of the code on your Samsung washing machine display are

overheat protection is triggered (error h2 on the Samsung washing machine will be displayed).

Most heaters have a fuse, which cuts the power supply circuit of the heater when it overheats, thus saving it from premature failure.

The heater may overheat as a result of inadequate water level. The cause may be the improper installation and connection of the washer. For example connection to the sewer. The drain hose may be connected too low to the sewer, and because of this water will escape from the machine spontaneously.

In this case the heater will at times be out of water and overheat. Washing machines use “wet” heaters, t.е. that heats liquids rather than air and gases. The protection may also work if there is a scaling on the heater, which overheats during operation due to poor heat transfer.

  • The temperature sensor burned out (error he1 on the washing machine Samsung). This is a device that is usually located in the body of the heater and monitors the level of water heating, turning off power to the heater when the specified temperature of the detergent solution in the tank of the machine.
  • Shorted, burned out heating element. The heating element fails both temporarily and due to the large presence of limescale on it from poor-quality water used (also impurities in powders). When various deposits accumulate on the heater, it overheats due to the formation of micro-cracks in the shell housing, water gets on the heating coil inside it and short circuits.
  • Malfunction of electronic control module (washing machine Samsung shows error 2H). This failure is mainly due to improper use of the machine, namely its use in rooms with high humidity. Can also occur due to a significant increase in voltage in the mains (faulty wiring, sockets, lack of grounding, etc.). д.).
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