That the convector or quartz heater is better?
Today the convector and quartz heaters are the most popular heated devices among the owners of cottages and apartments. In popularity, they went around the caloriece and oily heaters that are morally outdated. They also displaced fans used as a thermal curtain, as they are more energy.Intensive, ergonomic and have an excellent design.
What to choose. Convector or quartz ?
We will try to determine what is better. Convector or quartz systems?
On sale, convectors appeared in our 90s, they were upholstered. The devices immediately took root in office premises, as they had good profitability and functionality. And in the 21st century, a new model of heaters. A quartz plate with a built.In heater entered the Russian market.
Konwin Infrared Quartz Heater Demonstration
In fact, both varieties of heating devices have one purpose and task, but each species has its own nuances and is recommended for certain conditions.
Which type has the technical characteristics better?
For the correct choice of the heater, you need to familiarize yourself with the technical parameters and the functionality of the device. Consider specifically each view.
Convector. Air heating at the ceiling
The peculiarity of this heating is that warm air masses, in accordance with the physical law, thermodynamics rise up. That is, heating the layers of air around a person will take a greater time period. To do this, you need to drive away all the air that is in the room, through the convector. With the constant operation of the heater, the entire area of the room will be evenly warmed up to a given level.
Often weak devices are unable to warm up the entire air mass of the room, and therefore the floors remain cold. Such conditions when the air has heated air, and below is cold, negatively reflected in the human condition-there is pain in the head, due to a lack of oxygen.
Quartz heating. Local heating
The quartz heating device differs from the previous model by the device and the method of heating. By design. This is a monolithic plate of quartz with additives of ceramics (clay). The product is equipped with grooves in which the heater is placed, it consists of their nichrome solid alloy. This material has increased resistance to high temperatures, so it has good heat transfer. The heat.Expanded element converts electricity (220) into thermal, which heats the plate. Permissible heating level. 95 degrees.
Advantages of quartz heaters:
- Local heating. After warming up, the stove gives heat atmosphere, thereby an increase in the temperature in the room.
- The consumption of the resource is minimal, since the plate continues to heat even in the off state.
- High efficiency.
In addition, there are quartz infrared devices that have a slightly changed design. The standard apparatus uses quartz of the opaque type, and in infrared. Quartz glass is transparent. Therefore, the heating process consists of the reflection of heat inside the device, and only when it accumulates sufficiently, it is radiated outward. Infrared rays first warm the air masses and objects that are in the room, and only then transmit heat to the space.
The element responsible for the transformation of electricity into thermal is called the heater.
- In the convector, this element is a stainless steel rod, a tungsten spiral or Venadia is firmly installed in it, there is an air gap between them. After warming up, this layer acts as a heat exchanger, an advanced heat space.
Since the rod has direct contact with the atmospheric environment, then at the time of heating, or if a breakdown occurs, a ringing may be heard. In addition, such contact is dangerous in terms of fire safety.
- In the quartz model, the heater also acts as a spiral, but the nichrome. In addition, it is installed directly into the cavity of the tile, but the air gap is also available. Of no small importance is that when overheating or breakdown of the heating element, there is no danger, the device simply does not work.
The costs of heating the room with any hearing device consist of the consumption of electricity consumed and the volume of heat transmitted to the room.
Innovative technologies have not passed the convector devices and quartz type heaters, they are also equipped with various devices. Automatic and electronic. It is these devices that ensure control over the heating process and saving the resource. And also allow you to set up temperature and time.
These devices equalize both heaters from an economic point of view. But if you compare the efficiency and expenses when using ordinary models, then the championship behind quartz.
You can install convectors in almost every room, regardless of its design. This is due to the appearance of the device, it will easily fit into any interior. They are mainly attached to the wall. Due to the presence of a fan during the operation of convectors, a little noise is heard.
Quartz models are monolithic tiles that is mounted on the wall or on the floor. They have color and form standard, they work quietly. It is required to think over the interior so that the equipment fit well into it.
How infrared radiation appeared
The discovery of infrared radiation belongs to the English scientist William Hershel. This happened in 1800 during the experiment. After decomposition of the light flow using a prism, the thermometer was installed immediately behind a strip of red color. The temperature still continued to increase, although there was nothing in this place. So it was openly invisible in the infrared range, subsequently confirmed by numerous experiments.
Under the influence of infrared radiation in the room, not air heats up in the room, but objects that give, then, their heat into the environment. Paul, ceiling and walls also participate in the heat transfer. This is the main difference between IR heaters and ordinary convectors.
The work of radiation resembles the action of the sun. IR rays pass through the air without causing heating. When they reach a dense object, they are absorbed and heat it. The long length of the IR waves makes them similar to solar heat. Their passage is not interfered with drafts and low temperatures.
Ordinary convectors cannot provide quick heating. They are forced to heat a lot of unnecessary space due to constant circulation of warm air from the bottom-up. This requires a lot of time and additional energy costs.
With the start of the work of the IR heater, heat begins to be felt almost immediately. Only the part of the room where the rays were directed will be heated. The device itself is designed quite simply. In the metal case there is a reflector on which the heating element is fixed. A thermostat is also installed here that regulates the temperature, as well as the sensors of overheating and overturning. They turn off the device when an emergency occurs.
Types of infrared heaters according to the installation method
The second important option for choosing which infrared heater to buy is the installation method.
Depending on the possibilities of installation, ceiling, wall or flooring devices are distinguished.
- The ceiling can be hung to the ceiling to cover the larger volume of the room with radiation. In addition, he will not take an extra place, but will not attract unnecessary attention of children and pets. To correctly attach the device to the ceiling, it is better to invite the master.
- The wall model is suitable for both the main and an additional method of heating. But to install fasteners, you will have to drill the walls. When choosing which wall infrared heater is better, pay attention to the presence of rotary mechanisms. Then the device can be directed to any corner of the room.
- The floor installation is convenient in that the device can be rearranged, transported anywhere, remove if additional heating is not needed. In addition, you will not have to drill walls or ceiling. The most compact devices can be lifted above the floor level, installed, for example, on the table.
Advantages of quartz heaters
Ceramic heating systems have a lot of positive aspects compared to other devices:
- Increased heat capacity;
- Durability. Chromium.Nickel heater provides this;
- More efficient heat release due to the presence of innovative technologies;
- High efficiency, standard slab is capable of heating an area of 15 m2;
- The possibility of using automatic and electronic devices, which will adjust the system under weather conditions;
- Suitable for heating a country house and garage, as they can maintain a given temperature in the absence of owners;
- Do not absorb oxygen.
Principle of operation
As already mentioned, the base of the plate consists of pressed quartz sand and ceramics with a heater inside. A feature of these devices. They hold heat for a long time, that is, the consumption of electricity occurs only at the time of heating, then the plate continues to transmit heat in a disabled state. When cooling, the heater turns on again, but to achieve a given temperature, it needs not at all a lot of time.
The electrical signal is supplied to the nichrome spiral fixed in the ceramic plate. There is a gap between her and the inner surface of the quartz slab. It is needed to warm the inner space of the plate, then heat moves to its outer surface, and radiation occurs.
The body of the plate is made of high quality quartz mixture. The composition includes 2 mm quartz crumbs, it turns out by crushing large fractions, quartz sand and Portland cement. Under the influence of temperature, the formation of the plate occurs. Further, two plates are combined into one monolith, also under the influence of high temperatures. A heat exchanger with a coolant is placed between them, to which an electric meter is connected to a cord.
The heat exchanger is a metallic, nickel-chromium cavity size 3 cm, in the center of which the rod (coolant) is fixed from the same material.
The choice of the species is infrared or quartz
To make it easier to compare everything for and against “quartz or infrared”, we will present information in the form of a table.
|The characteristics of the heater||Infrared||Quartz|
|The degree of energy efficiency||Efficiency less than 0.98||Efficiency is more than 0.98, and it is possible to increase due to additional plates|
|Temperature||Heating is possible up to 70 degrees, there is no cooling period||Heats up to 90 degrees, and cools down for a long time|
|The degree of strength||Low, fragile lamps||Tall, even falling from a height of more than a meter will not lead to the destruction of the monolith|
|Technological and technical parameters||Complex tube structure||The device is simple, with a minimum of elements, a simple way to convert energy into heat|
|Fire safety||There is a risk of fire with negligence, in addition, accumulating dust can ignite||100% safe in terms of fire, even in contact with the surface, which is susceptible to burning|
|Automation||Absent, since it makes no sense||Wide opportunities for arranging various automatic regulators for time and temperature|
As can be seen from this table, quartz heaters have the best parameters and technical characteristics. In addition to them, the appearance, installation methods and multifunctionality plays no small value. But here is also the championship for ceramic models. Therefore, if you want to have a high.Quality and inexpensive heating device, then you should look at quartz heating devices. Answering the question that is better than quartz or infrared, you can confidently give priority to the quartz heater.
The advantages and disadvantages of quartz heaters
|Does not burn oxygen, because the heated tungsten thread is hidden in the quartz tube.||The peculiarity of IR radiation is local heating: what the rays fall on, then they warm. If you are sitting at the table, and only the upper half of the body is in the reach of the IR waves, your legs can freeze.|
|With infrared heating, warm air does not accumulate under the ceiling (as is the case using the convector). There is no situation when the head is hot and the legs are cold.||The quartz flask can break when falling or hit, and it is very difficult to fix or replace it. It’s easier to buy a new heater.|
|Allows you to “stop” exactly those zones where people are located. The temperature created by the main heating system can be reduced, which means that the energy consumption and the cost of heating.||Appearance. IK lamp is in sight.|
|IR heaters mobile, light and compact.||As soon as you turn off the heater, it will stop giving heat: there is no radiation. There is no transmission of thermal energy.|
|The device quickly heats the items in the room. Not equipped with a fan, which means they work silently.|
|Demonstrate high performance in low energy consumption.|
Device and principle of action
The infrared heater warms objects and surfaces, and the ceramic transfers heat to the surrounding air, and the one. The situation and people in the room. The fan built into a ceramic heater drives heated air through ceramic plates. Ceramics accumulates and slowly gives heat, so the heater works for some time and after disconnecting.
Advantages and disadvantages
|Ceramics. Durable and durable material.||The heater works noisily due to the built-in fan.|
|Coramics covered with the plates have a large area, which means that good heat transfer, and they do not need severe heating. They are more economical, more uniformly distributing heat, less dry air.||The device weighs more than the infrared quartz heater.|
|Suitable not only for the work of the room, but for organizing the main heating of the house.|
|After turning off, the device gives heat for another 15. 20 minutes.|
|Ceramics does not emit harmful substances.|
|The device quickly heats the room due to forced convection.|
Heaters for a city apartment, country house and cottage
The choice of home heater depends on the goals for which it is purchased. If the apartment requires additional heating in the offseason, then you can purchase an economical heater for the home of carbon and convector type. If the family has elderly people, small children and allergies, then it is better to give preference to infrared and oil heater with an additional function of ionization and hydration of air.
If economical and effective heaters are required to heat a small country house or country structure, then mobile and compact devices will be the best option. For example, a small quartz type heater, an infrared emitter or a heat core. A powerful oil heater is not the most suitable option, it is heavy, it creates a load on the wiring and requires a lot of time to heat.
If you need to choose a heater for the house, it is better to dwell on electrical convectors, ceramic emitters and oil radiators. These are the most practical devices for safe heating of residential premises.
In Russia, they began to produce a new type of heating devices. These are quartz heaters for the house. The development of domestic scientists did not immediately attract customers, since, in addition to allegations of the practicality and efficiency of the device, there are very few sensible information. Today we will diverse over “i” to make clarity into the current situation. We will consider what quartz heaters are for home, user reviews. We will deal with the principle of their operation, as well as conduct a comparative characteristic with electrical wall ceramic panels. We talked about them in an article about Electric heater for the house.
Design and operation
In order to compare and understand which heater is better, you need to study their device, the principle of operation and design features.
Heating devices of this type can be a monolithic panel, multi.Layer assembly and other structures with built.In ceramic surgery element. The heater itself is a block from a mixture of clean quartz with a small addition of white refractory clay, inside which a heating metal conductor with a high specific resistance is located.
Design. In the manufacture of heating elements, the original raw materials are pressed around the metal conductor into the block of the desired shape and sins at high temperature. As a result, they receive a ceramicurpass body with a porous structure, which:
- It conducts heat from a heating conductor to the surface;
- It has high inertiality. The ability to accumulate and maintain a supply of thermal energy for some time;
- Prevents oxygen access to a metal heating element;
- Capable of emitting infrared rays.
Typical panel.Type panel.Type heating devices have a three.Layer structure constructively:
Some manufacturers put quartz heaters in a metal case with typical fasteners for classic radiators.
Principle of operation. The transfer of heat from the quartz type heater is carried out by convective heat transfer and IR radiation. At the same time, convective air heating takes on 50-60% of heat consumption, and infrared rays-40-50%. The device case after turning on can heat up to 95 ° C.
Maximum temperature achievement time-25-30 minutes. After disconnecting electricity, the heated battery can continue heating the room for a long time. Cooling speed. Not more than 2 ° C/min.
The main advantages and disadvantages of quartz heaters include:
- Simplicity and reliability of the design;
- High efficiency reaching to 95%;
- Relative fast heating to the limiting temperature;
- Large thermal capacity of the panel;
- Silent operation of the device;
- The ability to install in rooms with high humidity;
- Insensitivity to voltage drops in the mains;
- Simple installation or installation on the floor;
- Beautiful and diverse design;
- Operating life up to 30 years.
- Thermoregulators are not installed on quartz heaters, since there is simply no installation space for them;
- Any of the ceramic surround structures is indifferent, which means that it cannot be repaired in case of breakdown;
- High, often inaccessible cost;
- A large weight of a heating panel;
- Decrease in air humidity as a result of its heating;
- Low strength of the fragile heater;
- The likelihood of teaching a burn when touching;
- The same design.
Heating IR Probors or reflectors are fundamentally different from ceramic surround panels. They are transparent quartz flasks installed inside a metal or plastic case. As a radiating element inside the flask, wire from tungsten, nichrome, carbonate or their alloys can be stretched.
Open.Type front panel, for free passing infrared rays. The back is made of metal that can focus the rays and direct them towards the room. The heater can be fixed on the wall, ceiling or installed on the floor on the legs.
Principle of operation. The action of infrared heaters is based on the ability of tubes from silicon dioxide to pass IR radiation and stop most of the electromagnetic waves in other ranges. In this case, it is not the air is heated, as in traditional systems, but almost any objects in the room.
Duraflame Infrared Quartz Space Heater Review. Winterize Your Home
Averended technical characteristics:
- The power of the heat flow is from 0.3 to 1.2 kW;
- Maximum energy consumption. 3.0 kW;
- Weight from 0.7 to 2.3 kg;
- Utility coefficient up to 95%;
- The temperature of the case is not more than 70 ° C;
- Inertiality is absent.
Among the main advantages and minuses of the use of infrared heaters can be called:
Review of devices shows that both species are convenient and worthy of application. Before you decide on the choice, a quartz or infrared heater to buy, decide:
- What area the device will heat
- Will it be the only source of heat in the room, or additional
- The degree of safety of the room
For a small room, ceramic. For large. Infrared. It can also be a constant and only source of heat, and as an additional one it is better to take quartz.