Smart assistant in everyday life washing machine: and how we did without it earlier?
Washing machine in the house now not surprise anyone. This item of household appliances entered our lives one of the first along with the stove for cooking and a refrigerator for its storage.
Today, the presence of a washing machine is not just an urgent necessity, but also a sign of civilization. Manual washing, as its main species, was preserved only in the deaf provinces of those segments of the population whose income below the country is several orders of magnitude. Let’s hope that you are still not one of them, although, be it so, you would hardly have to read this article.
And, by the way, washing at all times was one of the most time.consuming and ungrateful types of home labor. Imagine, for example, what was it like to carry the baskets of dirty clothes to the river, and then wash it for a long time and painfully sometimes in cold water. But this practice is still alive in some developing countries, which we, out of habit, call the countries of the third world. With the invention of the water supply, the situation, of course, has improved somewhat, but washing still remained a very unloved type of activity for most hostesses.
The appearance of a washing machine, without exaggeration, has changed everything! The revolution began, as often happens, with simple models, which were a container of a certain volume with an integrated electric motor that twisted the drum, ensuring the rotation of the linen in the humid environment. That’s practically all.
A lot of time has passed since then, and although, in general, the basic principle of operation of the washing machine has remained unchanged, today it is a perfect technique equipped with smart electronics allowing laundry with almost without the direct participation of a person.
In most cases, we need to load a certain amount of things into the drum, fill the tank with water, pour the washing powder into the container intended for this (and the machine tells which the next step should be taken), set the required washing program and click the start button. And you can be free.
The washing machine itself bears your clothes and even dries it (if this model is equipped with a drying function). And at the end of the work, he will turn off and give you a sound signal. Impressive, is it not true? And if so, then it’s time to think about changing the old grandmother’s tank with a modern clever girl.
The washing machine belongs to those types of household appliances that differ in durability, so buying it, you buy an assistant in your home affairs for many years.
Note that in addition to traditional drum washing machines, there are also activator machines. In the activator type machine, linen is loaded on top into a fixed tank, and mixing the contents of the tank occurs due to the operation of the activator. the spinning shaft with the blades. I must say that such cars are not too common. First of all, due to the fact that most of them are not connected to the water supply and demand from the user so that he pours and drains the water manually (using a special hose). Supply in such machines, if it is present, then, as a rule, in the form of a separate-centrifuge drum. Models in which washing and squeezing are made in one tank are not too common. But such cars can be used where there is no water supply. For example, in the country.
The most common is a scheme in which the washing machine is supplied with a drawer with three compartments: for a washing product for preliminary washing, erasing the main washing and rinser. The first two compartments are again traditionally and in an overwhelming number of cases imply the use of powder erasing agents, on the contrary, the rinseum, on the contrary, is supposed to be liquid.
This scheme is satisfied with almost everyone except those who use the gel, but do not want to completely refuse preliminary washing: in all other cases, the gel can be poured directly into the drum, but after preliminary washing, the drain will be produced, and the main one will be simply without washing means. In this case, it is worth looking for a model in which the box is equipped with an additional partition that prevents gel pouring: this partition is removed when using the powder and is installed if you use gel.
There are washing machines with an automatic supply of an erasing agent: an erasing gel and airplaker air conditioner are poured into special containers in the machine, after which you can simply load the laundry and choose the washing program-the right amount of funds at the corresponding stages will add itself. The main thing is not to forget to add funds to the tanks in time: in some models, control over their presence is completely transferred to the user.
Not so long ago, washing machines with an inverter engine appeared on the market, the design of which does not imply the use of brushes, and therefore, such an engine will differ in reduced wear. The key feature of such an engine is the presence of a frequency converter that changes the speed and frequency of the drum revolution, converting the current from constant to alternating. This allows you to more accurately control the operation of the mechanism.
Compared to traditional, inverter engines operate almost silently, and their efficiency is higher by an average of 20%. In addition, inverter machines are capable of squeezing linen at high speed.
Despite all of the above, we cannot unequivocally say that buying a washing machine with an inverter engine is an unconditionally rational solution in terms of price ratio and quality. The price of such engines is high, the price of the repair will be high if it fails.
Various form factors
There are 2 types of washing machines “automatic”. They are distinguished by their appearance and type of loading. Each of the options has its own advantages and disadvantages, but both are still considerable popularity. It is worth noting that frontal devices are slowly displaced by vertical.
Vertical washing machines are a direct descendant of the first machine guns that began to appear in the USA in the middle of the last century. At that time, such a design was almost the only possible in implementation. In such a machine, the tank is installed vertically and you can load the laundry through the wings and the lid located in the upper part of the machine. As advantages of this type of load, one can note higher reliability, spaciousness and small number of occupied places. Such a machine can be put in a corner and installed nearby baskets and other useful items. The load is made on top and nothing interferes with it.
Front loading machines have a very convenient wide hatch through which you can get linen. In such machines, the tank is installed in the same way, but at the same time, the load is carried out through the side hatch. This design also reduces the consumption of water, but at the same time, such machines occupy more space in the bathroom. If you do not have a problem with installing a front machine, then it will be the best choice. If the bathroom is critical in the bathroom. it is better to opt for a vertical loading device.
What is the washing machine
In this section, we “prepare” a washing machine with front loading. They are now popular and gradually replace vertical. First of all, this happened due to the possibility of creating “narrow” washing machines, which, even with very small sizes, can be equipped with a drum for 3-5 kg of dry linen.
The body of the washing machine. This is the basis of the entire design. Given that the machine is constantly faced with vibration, it is made of durable materials that can withstand many years of operation. The tank is attached to the case with the help of springs from above and shock absorbers from below. Both details play a crucial role in ensuring the balancing of the machine, because the presence of an imbalance during the spin can simply break the car into pieces. Also, a flood system, a powder tray and an electronic control module join the housing. Depending on the model of the machine, other equipment can be attached to it.
Tank and drum
Tank. This is the place where the water is poured and in which the washing itself occurs. It is attached to the case with shock absorbers and springs, and a special load is installed in its upper part, which also helps maintain the weight. A number of sensors and a thermoelectric heater are installed in the tank. The pipes of the filling and drain system, as well as other small details are connected to it.
Inside the tank is an iron drum, which we all see while loading underwear. It is attached to the tank using the bearing node, and in front is held by a rubber cuff (vibration damper). Tanks can be both completely plastic and metal. Metal tanks can be served and, if necessary, replace bearings. Solid cast tanks made of plastic can only be replaced. Some masters try to saw them, but such repairs are fraught with the formation of leaks.
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The water supply system may vary slightly in various washing machines. Some models are equipped with Aquastop hoses, and some of these hoses do not have. In any case, the main mechanism is special electromagnetic valves that open and close at the command of the electronic control unit. Many people think that the machine pumps water with a pump, but this is not so. Water from the system is supplied under pressure and the need to install the pump simply does not. Some models can be connected to a hot water supply system. As a rule, the valves are connected by pipes with a tank and a powder tray. Depending on the program, the control module opens and closes the valve.
Water heating system
As you know, any pollution is best washed in hot water. However, it is worth noting that modern washing powders began to cope quite well with pollution even at a temperature of 30-40 degrees. This is very convenient, because users no longer need to sort things: both synthetics and cotton work perfectly in warm water. It also reduces electricity consumption, which cannot but rejoice.
The heating system consists of a thermoelectric heater or heating element. This is a special heating device that somewhat resembles a simple boiler. He converts electrical energy into thermal and thereby heating the water in the tank. To control the temperature, a temperature sensor is used, which is most often installed in the Ten body. With its help, the electronics determines the temperature and decides on the further heating. Some models, as written above, have the ability to connect to hot water supply, which reduces electricity costs.
How the vibration is compensated
It’s no secret that washing machines are constantly working with serious vibration. Inside the tank is the drum in which there are wet things. Naturally, when washing, they move from side to side, which allows them to be better off. And if, with a slight rotation of the drum, they practically do not affect the housing, then the imbalance during squeezing is very noticeable. That is why modern washing machines are equipped with a vibration protection system. From above, the tank is attached to the case with powerful springs, the lower part of the tank is connected to the body using hydraulic shock absorbers. In order for the tank to have the required weight, a massive load is installed on top, which softens the oscillations.
Despite all this, a washing machine can enter into a resonance during an annex, if the user uploaded heavy things that could crumple in one of the sides of the drum. In order to prevent this from happening, many manufacturers equip washing machines with an imbalance control system, which stops the squeeze when exceeding threshold values.
The drain system is one of the most important parts of the washing machine. She is responsible for pumping dirty water from the tank. Unlike a pouring system that simply allows water to get into the tank under pressure, the drain system works using a pump. This pump pumps out water, which should pass through a special knee. This knee is usually realized from the back of the machine and looks like a hose leaving the bottom of the device, rising up and then falling again. If this hose is lowered to the ground during the operation of the washing machine. then water will merge automatically. The same “feint” can be used if, for some reason, the machine refuses to drain water.
In addition to the pump, a special level sensor takes part in the pumping of water, which transfers the indicators to the control module. If there is water inside the tank, the module gives the command to the drain. As soon as the level reaches the required value. the drain stops and the program continues. Also, a special drain filter can be attributed to the drain system, which is installed in front of the pump and prevents small particles in it. Periodically, this filter needs to be cleaned.
Another part of the washing machine. This is a drying system. It is worth noting that not all devices are implemented in this function. However, it gradually begins to gain popularity, which is caused by convenience and ease of implementation. Instead of installing a separate drying machine, you can just buy washing with drying. Such a solution is quite logical.
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The number of washing programs
If you recall the functions of the washing machine, then first of all, operating modes come to the head. Or so.called programs. Washing machines produced in the USSR possessed only two modes. basic and delicate. Later, automatic washing machines appeared, which already offered five to six programs. Well, now their number can reach several dozen. But is there a great meaning in them?
Practice shows that most often the owner of the washing machine uses four to five modes. Additionally, this or that speed speed is selected, and in some cases, pressing a special button allows you to use the function “without crushing”. That’s all! Why are these 20-30 programs?
In fact, embedding additional modes does not cost the manufacturer of big money. In fact, this is a simple programming, during which the electronic “brains” of the device receive new combinations of water temperature, washing time and rotation speed of the drum. However, sometimes the cost of the same technically washing machines with different number of programs is very different. It is in this case that we recommend that you do not chase additional modes, overpaying a lot of money for them.
By the way, in the future we are waiting for washing machines that can download new programs from the Internet. Why not? Of course, this will completely exclude the mechanical controls, but this opportunity will make the device as universal as possible. But this will make washing machines from different manufacturers even more similar to each other, complicating the choice of the buyer.
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Classes of the quality of washing machines
Surely you at least once considered the characteristics of the washing machine. They often mention the quality class indicated by Latin letters: from E to A with several advantages. Let’s figure out what exactly the specific class is talking about.
- Energy consumption class is important for those people who do not want to overpay for electricity. However, washing machines with a low class of energy consumption are found on sale less and less. Most often, modern devices have classes A and B, and the difference between them is only 20-40 kilowatts per year-that is, one and a half to two hundreds. There are washing machines with a class of energy consumption a, but there is even less significant difference. It remains to be glad that electricity in our country is not too expensive.
- Washing class. indicates how well the car copes with its main task. In no case do not buy a device with a laundry class C, if it is not a compact model for a summer residence. As for classes A and B, the difference between them is no longer so noticeable. And it should be noted that the result of washing depends not only on how the drum rotates. It is affected by the correctly or incorrectly selected program, as well as the washing powder used. In the end, there are spots that none of the washing machines will cope with at all, unless you apply the stain.
- Except class. indicates how dry linen will become after washing. Class C indicates that up to 55% of water will remain in linen. With class A, no more than 40% of water should be expected. However, pay attention to the fact that the squeeze at a speed of 1600-2000 revolutions/s is suitable only for things from dense fabric. Some lace panties at such speed can be torn into shreds. It turns out that it will not be used so high.speed selection too often. Also, a high.speed squeeze is not needed if the washing machine is in Khrushchevka, in the kitchen, on a wooden floor. in such a place the device will begin to shake very much and make noise.
Intuitively understandable integration
Perhaps it is important that the functions of the washing machine are involved in the user without any problems. A similar device is not a smartphone for the study of which is not a pity time spent. The washing machine is obliged to possess the control panel easy to master. The ideal option will be electron-mechanical management. This means that all modes will be activated in an electronic way, but all kinds of buttons and regulators are used to activate and choose them. Even elderly people who are accustomed exclusively to mechanical management are able to deal with this management.
Checking control of control is very simple. Stand in front of the car in the store and imagine that you need to wash some specific things. You understand which buttons you need to click and which handle to turn? You understand how to change the washing time? You understand how to reduce or increase water temperature? You understand how to change the speed of push? If all these questions are given a positive answer, then management is very easy to master. If at least you answered one of the questions negatively, it is better to choose another washing machine. Our life is too loaded to spend time on a detailed study of the instruction manual.
By the way, if the main functions of the washing machine are selected using some sensory scoreboard, then this not only complicates the control, but also worsens the maintainability. The fact is that the control panel can once break. But a departed mechanical regulator can be replaced in place, this applies to all kinds of buttons. If the touch display fails, then its repair will be more complex and expensive. And without any of the buttons, it is quite possible to use the machine, while the failed touch display will make the entire device defective.
The function of the couple
Some time ago, washing machines with steam function were actively advertised. Allegedly, such devices allow moisture to penetrate much deeper into the fabric, taking out even old dirt from there. But it really or is it really?
Perhaps it is difficult to argue with the fact that hot moisture really penetrates the fabric very deeply. It is not without reason that we regularly use this function when ironing. But the iron is located close to the fabric, while there can be at least a few centimeters between the linen and the holes on the drum. And this is not to mention the fact that it is often crumpled, forming several layers of fabric. It turns out that the pair function is not used too efficiently. Nevertheless, it cannot be said that it does not help wash at all. But it is pointless to overpay for her a lot of money, you should remember this.
The remaining useful functions of the washing machine
Perhaps these are all the functions that are somehow useful. Almost all modern washing machines have some of them. Others have only high- and medium-budget models. You can learn about their presence or absence by reading technical characteristics, reviews and reviews.
Many users are concerned about the strong vibration of the washing machine when spinning. This symptom is far from always harmless. It may indicate a breakdown, for example, the destruction of a bearing node or a malfunction in the depreciation system. Also, vibration may be the result of incorrect installation or excessive loading of the device.
Absolutely quiet washing machine so far exists only in commercials. The device cannot work silently. the engine, current water, rotating drum and laundry rubbing against its walls, make sounds. However, manufacturers began to fight excess vibration for a long time. Each modern model has an imbalance control function and a special vibration sensor is installed. Even at high rotation speed, it provides the perfect balancing of the drum.
The imbalance most often occurs due to the overload of the washing or uneven distribution of linen in the drum. For example, if you decide to wash a large duvetail, and he twisted into a lump. First, the device will try to rotate the drum in different directions in order to achieve uniform distribution of its contents. If the balance is not reached, the speed speed is reduced. Some washing rooms stop the work and give out error code. After manual distribution of linen, the squeezer continues at a given speed.
Economical water consumption
Water consumption of a washing machine is a sore question for many housewives. Some even erase part of the clothes manually to reduce the consumption of resources. However, it should be noted that the savings in this case are insignificant. A modern washing machine spends about 60 liters for the washing cycle. Washing and striped linen manually, you will consume not much less.
In great demand, economical washing machines are in great demand, in which various technologies are implemented that contribute to a decrease in water consumption. One of the most famous is Fuzzy Logic or FuzzyControl, in other words, the intellectual washing system. The savings are achieved due to the fact that the system regulates the water consumption depending on the amount of linen, the degree of its pollution and the type of fabric.
Aqua-Sensor technology is also used to reduce water consumption. A special sensor determines the transparency of the water and on the basis of these data adjusts the progress of the program, adding or canceling additional rinsing.
Many washing models use an ALC system, which automatically regulates the consumption of water and electricity, based on the amount of loaded linen and the type of fabric.
Economic water consumption is washing machines more expensive due to the complexity of the technologies used. However, the device will quickly pay for itself due to a decrease in the amount of monthly bills for utilities.
Useful functions and modes of washing machines: what’s what
Of course, when choosing a washing machine, first of all, you should pay attention to its main characteristics. We have already told in the corresponding article about what push.up classes, energy consumption classes and washing classes. In a separate section, it was mentioned about the standard noise level for modern devices.
The second one should pay attention to when choosing a washing machine. These are, of course, the programs and functions with which it possesses. How often do we buy a device with 24 modes, most of which in practice are useless. But now you will know which programs will come in handy, and which will simply fall an extra load on your wallet (after all, we do not forget, every extra function. This is a plus of several hundred to the price of the device).
By selecting one of the programs on the electronic control panel, you can set the number of revolutions per minute, the number of rinses and the required washing temperature. At the same time, the device ensures that the installations correspond to optimal for the type of fabric that you choose, and in the case of a significant error (which can lead to insufficient washing quality or mechanical damage to linen) makes the required adjustments.
In modern washing machines, only three or four basic programs are laid down, the same for all models and intended for specific types of fabric, as well as several optional, additional modes that differ depending on the manufacturer, price and dimensions of the product. Four main programs can be called differently, but their principle will be the same:
- Wash of woolen products at water temperature up to 40 ° C;
- washing of linen from delicate, thin fabrics at temperatures up to 40 ° C;
- washing color and synthetic products, temperature. up to 60 ° C;
- Washing things made of cotton and flax, recommended temperature. up to 95 ° C.
Owners of expensive, advanced models with the choice of modes, as a rule, may not at all “bother”. For example, Whirlpool washing machines have intellectual technology “6th Sens” and are equipped with sensors that fix the weight of the loaded underwear. The owner of such a device is enough to choose the type of fabric, and information about the mash temperature set in the machine, the drum rotation and estimated time that will require the process of cleaning the linen will require the display on the display.
Electronic control panel of the washing machine (pay attention to temperature modes and speed values per minute. RPM)
But to achieve effective, high.quality and economical washing of linen in most devices from the budget and average price range, some knowledge is still required of you. We talked about numerous subtleties in the article “30 practical tips on how to avoid a breakdown of the washing machine”, but about what modes are for what are intended for, you can read right now.
It is they who allow the user to choose the type of washing optimal for his conditions, well clear the linen from special fabric or fabric with special care requirements, prevent nozzles, wash extremely contaminated things or, on the contrary, just refresh fairly clean clothes. It is additional modes that allow rags to minimize the costs of detergents. However, each new function, of course, also increases the price of a washing machine, so that the stick, as always, needs to choose the device, based only on the presence of the most necessary programs in it, not paying attention to their total number.
What programs, as a rule, are useful? Well, it’s just.
“Prewash”. needed for especially dirty laundry. Before the washing process, your things will be kept in a washing solution for about two hours at a temperature of 30 ° C. This will help the dirt easier to separate, and then it will not need to have a strong mechanical effect on the fabric, which can damage it.
“Intensive wash”. On the contrary, it allows you to remove old spots (for example, from fruits or from wine) quite quickly, without unnecessary time expenses. For this, linen is erased at elevated temperature and higher rotation speed of the drum. It is possible to use bleaching or staining funds. Of course, things don’t like such appeal much.
“Quick wash”. Despite a similar name with the previous program, he is responsible for washing not very dirty underwear. It is used mainly in order to refresh, rinse clothes. Up to 40% of the time is saved. And this is the only thing for which this mode may be required. There are no other advantages, and energy consumption, in terms of washing quality, is quite significant.
“Handwash”. used for careful and delicate fabric cleansing. The car erases even more carefully than it can be done manually: the drum only sways slightly and makes prolonged pauses between the revolutions, having a minimum mechanical effect on your underwear. The same regime is sometimes called the “Washing Program of Delicate fabrics”.
Pictograms on the washing machine: crushing protection, additional rinse and fast washing
“Daily washing”. Designed to refresh clothes after a long working day. The drum is loaded approximately half, and things are erased for no more than 40 minutes at a temperature of 30 ° C. The mode is very similar to a “fast washing”, often this is the same button on the device.
“Economical washing”. performed at low temperature and low speed of the drum. Due to this, the washing time increases, but electricity, water and detergents are saved.
“Additional rinse”. A program that includes a second rinse cycle that allows to refresh linen and wash the remnants of detergents from it.
Removing animal wool
A washing machine with the function of removing animal hair is useful to owners of long.haired dogs and cats. They constantly have to deal with the problems of cleaning clothes, covering other things. If the wool is not removed before washing, it accumulates and clogs the filters of washing machine. And it is quite difficult to remove it from clothes, so it still gets inside the mechanism.
The option of removing animal wool involves additional soaking and careful rinsing of clothing. Manufacturers say that the pile from things is completely washed off. Indeed, clothes are becoming absolutely clean. But this function also has disadvantages. The coat still accumulates in the drum and clogs the washing filter, so you need to clean it more often.
Aqua Stop function and diagnosis of malfunctions
The function of protecting against leaks (Aquastop) will save significant funds that may be required to repair the apartment (their or neighbors from below) if, as a result of damage or disruption of the bulk hose of the washing machine, there will be a leak.
Aquastop washing rooms are equipped with a special pallet with a float and a special bulk hose with an electromagnetic valve. At the time of the leak, the valve will block the water supply, receiving a signal from the sensor installed in the pallet. When water appears, the float with the sensor rises and closes the contacts. As an additional security measure, manufacturers provided an emergency pumping of water if the emergency valve does not work for some reason. Such a system of protection against leaks is considered the most reliable.
In almost all models there is a function of diagnosing problems. If something is wrong with the device, the system checks it and displays the corresponding error code on the display. You can decrypt it using the instructions. Seeing and deciphering the code, the owner of the washer can decide. to repair it on its own or immediately call the master.
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Manual washing mode
On the labels of many things is the icon “only manual washing”. As a rule, this applies to delicate fabrics, sportswear from the membrane, underwear, woolen sweaters, etc. D. High water temperature, intensive friction about the drum and squeezing at high speed can deform or damage such clothes.
However, things do not have to be washed in a basin at all. In almost all models of washing machines there is a “manual washing” mode, which involves a delicate handling of clothes.
With sparing washing mode, water will heat up to a maximum of 40 degrees. In some mash models, several temperature options are possible. The drum rotation algorithm is also special. You might think that the machine doesn’t work at all. The drum does not make full speed, but carefully and slowly moves the laundry to reduce friction.
The “manual washing” mode in the washing machine can be programmed at your discretion. For example, disconnect the drain of water if you cannot take out the linen from the drum at once. This will prevent the formation of folds on the fabric. The speed speed is usually minimal, but if necessary, you can completely abandon it.
Manual washing mode can be used for soft toys, as well as shoes, if a special program is not provided in the washing machine.
Modern technologies in Kuppersberg washing machines
Kuppersberg washing machines are the standard of efficiency and multifunctionality. The manufacturer paid a lot of attention to technologies that simplify the operation of the device and improving the washing process.
The new washing models are equipped with an intellectual Fuzzy Logic system. Special sensors estimate the amount of linen, type of fabric, degree of pollution. On the basis of the information received, an individual washing program is created. Thus, the Cupersberg washing machine optimizes the consumption of resources.
Models with an inverter engine and modern electronic control have a high class of energy efficiency. a and a. All devices are equipped with an electronic self.diagnosis system. In the event of a malfunction, you will be notified of it with a special alphanumer-digital code, which is displayed on the display.
So that the child could not intervene in the washing process or does not turn on the device on his own, the Kuppersberg washingrs are equipped with a special protection function. When it is turned on, the control panel and door are blocked.
Convenient function. the ability to turn off the sound signal. It can be used if you decide to wash while the child is sleeping. There are no sound alerts in a special night program.
The deferred start is another technology created for the convenience of the user. You can delay the inclusion of a washing machine for a period of 1 to 24 hours.
For white bedding, clothes of newborn and other things that need disinfection, KupPersberg washing machines provide for a special washing mode from heating water up to 95 degrees. Such a cycle fully replaces boiling underwear that our grandmothers used.
In some models of washing, there is a drying function. With the capacity of the drum 8 kg, the device can dry up to 5 kg of clothing at a time. Drying is produced in time and residual humidity. Several options are offered: “Under the iron”, “on the hanger”, “very dry”.
“Manual washing” is provided in each model. Due to the special design of the tank, the impact on linen is as careful as possible. Therefore, the washing machine Kupersberg can even be entrusted even thin lace products.
We decided to buy a Kuppersberg washing machine? The acquisition of high.quality equipment will not require large costs if you contact us. We will implement washing workers at the price of the manufacturer, providing an official guarantee for all models. Delivery can be ordered by software and in any other regions car Kuppersberg Wis60149