Addiction is an illness which is characterized by uncontrollable craving for drug use. An addicted person uses psychoactive preparations even when they are obviously harmful to his health and their use is life threatening.
Drug addiction really destroys human life to the root, even if we do not take into account the possibility of death from overdoses and accidents. Firstly, it is difficult even to describe the scale of its impact on the body of an addict. Toxic substances penetrate all tissues and organs, completely destroying the body. The emotional, social and spiritual spheres of life of an addict also suffer.
What does amphetamine “withdrawal” lead to?
On the second or third day of the disorder often develops “amphetamine psychosis. It often comes in the form of delirium. Then the patient begins to see things that do not really exist, as well as hear non-existent voices. He cannot move around normally even in familiar places. They constantly feel the presence of otherworldly forces. In the face of his relatives may see a monster, which must be destroyed by any means.
It is very dangerous to be around an addict who has developed psychosis. This person is unable to control himself. They are not aware of their actions and may cause irreparable harm to others.
How to recover from ecstasy in home conditions
It is possible to restore the physical and mental condition after the drug only in case of accelerated cleansing of the organism from toxins. It is very difficult to do this on one’s own. The only recommendation is to go to a clinic for detoxification. If there is no such a possibility, the following tips will help to alleviate feelings:
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- When using the drug orally you need to drink about 1 liter of water and induce the gag reflex, but when smoking and inhaling the substance such measures will be ineffective.
- Do not give any antipyretic drugs if the patient has a fever. Cold rubbing of the body and compresses are allowed.
- Offer saline solutions or still water to prevent dehydration.
- When a small dose of ecstasy is taken, tinctures of motherwort, valerian or other herbal-based sedatives can help reduce overexcitement. But if several pills are taken, such remedies will not help at all.
All of the above measures are auxiliary and are not able to completely clear the body of harmful substances. How to recover from ecstasy quickly, safely and effectively? Only in a narcological medical facility where you need to undergo a detoxification process.
What are amphetamines and how do they work?
To make the end product cheaper, previously produced by processing ephedra, a synthetic ephedrine is included in the drug. The fully synthetic drug is often manufactured under artisanal conditions, which increases the risk of its use associated with acute intoxication of the body.
Amphetamine may be called meth, ice or crystal, and behind all these pretty epithets is a poison that is particularly dangerous to human health. Inexpensive anesthetics and starch may be added to increase the mass and volume of the white powder, so the toxic effects on the body are increased by the risk of using unknown components.
Amphetamine is consumed by inhaling through the nose and smoking with a special smoking pipe. If a person injects intravenously their traces help to identify addiction and provide him a timely recovery from addiction with a full course of rehabilitation.
When ingested, the drug stimulates a simultaneous and powerful release of adrenaline, dopamine, and noradrenaline into the bloodstream. A state of euphoria is accompanied by an increase in activity and performance, but a stable attachment and dependence on the drug develops.
When medical attention is urgently needed?
The consequences of systematic use of synthetic drugs affect all aspects of a person’s functioning.
An addict needs urgent and professional help when drug use is detected, but should not wait for an overdose and should be closely monitored for symptoms:
- photophobia and dilated pupils;
- Sleep disturbances and insomnia;
- intermittent increase in activity;
- Mood swings and depression;
- Acute seizures and convulsions;
- decreased pain threshold;
- paranoid state.
After taking amphetamines a person develops hallucinations, the illusion of omnipotence and invulnerability appears. In such condition he can commit the acts connected with risk for health and effective coding from drug addiction allows to get rid of the addiction destroying the life.
Consequences of long-term use of amphetamine
Taking of narcotic substances is associated with the increase of activity and stimulation of nervous, hormonal systems. After cessation of active substances toxins remain in the body and the addict feels reduction of strength, anxiety and restlessness increase.
This condition worsens when the person loses capacity for work and it seems to him that the next dose will be enough to restore it. Getting into this vicious circle, he himself aggravates the situation and increases the risk of developing shortness of breath and tachycardia, spikes in blood pressure and heart failures.
Peculiarities of withdrawal syndrome
Under the influence of various factors an addict may stop taking drugs for a while, while experiencing acute withdrawal. Withdrawal syndrome is manifested in the first strong physical shock, which lasts for 8-96 hours, in the peak state patients experience severe discomfort. In this state a person can stay up to 3 months, and during this period it is important to choose a rehabilitation center to reduce the risk of relapse, which increases as withdrawal intensifies.
How long does a prescription drug stay in the body?
After taking the drug immediately affects the CNS, the euphoric effect lasts from 2 to 8 hours after which the feeling of emptiness follows and amphetamine metabolites are eliminated from the body through the urinary system. It is impossible to say with certainty after how many days traces of the drug can be detected in biological media, as tests at home detect it after 2-3 days from the last use, and laboratory tests can detect traces after 1-3 weeks.
The speed of amphetamine elimination from the body varies and depends on a number of factors:
- length of use
- dose of the drug
- Metabolic rate
- age category of the addict
- purity of the drug substance
- patient weight
- route of administration.
Once consumed, the fen quickly enters the bloodstream and spreads throughout the body. metabolic processes occur mainly in liver where narcotic substance is partially processed into breakdown products. After that drug metabolites and amphetamine are eliminated unchanged through the urinary system. traces of amphetamine can be detected in the blood within a day. After regular and prolonged use specific antibodies develop that can be detected within 3-4 months of the last drug use. Drug metabolites may be detected in urine for up to 5 days after a single use and up to 10 days after regular use.
In addition, the speed of excretion of fen depends on the characteristics of acidity of the urine:
The presence of fen in saliva can be detected within 2 days because its half-life depends on the dose and frequency of use. In the nail plates and roots of the hair the drug can be detected within six months of the last use. Not only can a hair test establish the fact of use, but also the length of your addiction. If amphetamine is prescribed for medical use and taken in dosage less than 10 mg, it will be eliminated by kidneys in 3-4 days. For an addict dosage of hair dryer use is 25-30 mg, so it is not completely eliminated from the body and it is easy to detect in the biological media.
Do not know how to eliminate the drug from the body or want to get rid of it in a short period of time? Seek help from a narcologist! Your doctor will choose you a drip with special detox solutions and a cocktail of drugs. Some of the drugs used break down toxins, others. bind them, some. protect cells from the damaging effects of poisons, the fourth. accelerate metabolism and excretion of breakdown products outside.
Such a complex treatment, carried out over several days, gives the maximum possible effect
How does withdrawal from the hair dryer happen?
while taking amphetamine for a long time a person seems to start sleeping and eating but needs the psychoactive substance daily. And when a person is deprived of the possibility of using it, the strongest withdrawal syndrome sets in. A person in this state is anxious, in a depressed mood. Sweating occurs. The further course of the withdrawal syndrome leads to pronounced depression and paranoia, persecution mania arises. Suicidal thoughts and actions are possible.
Due to the fact that with amphetamine addiction, a person eats irregularly and improperly, in the body comes a lack of certain substances. For example, a lack of electrolytes often causes seizures and paralysis. In such a case it is necessary to go to a rehabilitation center as soon as possible. At the same time, the overall energy balance of the body decreases, and without taking a new dose the person simply can’t do anything productive.
Phene withdrawal: how to get rid of?
All services are anonymous! You need to contact our addiction clinic and get a consultation with a specialist! Any self-treatment is dangerous!
The drug fen. this is how the jargon calls amphetamine by addicts themselves. Fans of mind-altering stimulants are considered teenagers, but there are also quite adult addicts who are sitting tightly on a fen and do not think about treatment. The only thing they may care about is how to relieve withdrawal from phen!
Symptoms and signs of overdose
The appearance of overdose symptoms is possible with the use of different amounts of the drug. This is due to the duration of use, the composition of the remedy, the state of the body, the presence of concomitant pathologies.
How much amphetamine will give an overdose in each case. it is difficult to say. Symptoms of intoxication are manifested by intravenous administration of 10 to 30 mg of the substance. And this is in the case when the person is not an addict. In addicts, the dose exceeds 1,000 mg per day. Taking 30 mg per kg of weight is considered fatal.
An overdose is not always life-threatening. Symptoms that indicate a person has used “more than is necessary” include:
- Feeling cold, even if the ambient temperature reaches 25 degrees. Occurs because the body temperature rises;
- tachycardia (heart palpitations). a person feels as if their heart is pounding out of their chest;
- nausea, vomiting;
- throbbing pain in the temples, an indicator of high blood pressure;
- Psycho-emotional agitation leading to insomnia.
Symptoms of amphetamine overdose, indicating severe intoxication:
- In addition to a terrible heartbeat, the person experiences pain in the heart, as if the chest is being pounded at the moment of contraction;
- difficulty in breathing. the discomfort is felt during inhalation and gradually increases;
- A severe headache that is accompanied by a throbbing in the temples;
- red eyes;
- a sense of fear of death;
- Suicidal thoughts seem to be the only solution to help alleviate the condition.
The above describes the symptoms a person experiences. Now it makes sense to consider the external signs of an amphetamine overdose:
- The skin becomes pale in color;
- The pupils are dilated and do not respond well to light, the eyeball becomes bulging;
- There is no expression of emotion in the face, but there is a look of fright;
- the person is acting restless, making a lot of unnecessary movements, such as scratching all the time;
- A lot of saliva is secreted; the addict can be heard swallowing it frequently;
- speech is impaired;
- seizures may be present and easily confused with epilepsy.
It is not uncommon to think that the person is intoxicated by alcohol. The distinctive feature. the absence of odor of alcoholic beverages.